Despite the defeat of ISIS in 2015 in Sinjar, many of the city’s residents, the majority of whom are Yezidis, are still present in displacement camps due to the lack of stability in their areas.Monday 08/30/2021
Everyone is the same on Sinjar
BAGHDAD – The international community urges Baghdad and April to implement the Sinjar Agreement signed between them since October 2020 in order to ensure the stability of that region and move to the stage of confronting Turkish foreign interference, which is invoked by the presence of PKK fighters and Iranian interference through the popular mobilization that entered Sinjar under the cover of the war against ISIS, And he remained there even after the absence of this reason.
Recently, Sinjar has been the focus of statements by the French president, who presented a French initiative to end the Baghdad and Erbil disputes, the American consul in the Kurdistan region of Iraq and the UN representative in Iraq, Jenin Hennis-Plasschaert.
The three officials agreed in separate statements on the need to implement the Sinjar Agreement, which provides for the maintenance of security in Sinjar district by the federal security forces in coordination with the forces of the region and to expel all illegal armed groups outside the judiciary, mainly the Kurdistan Workers Party and the Popular Mobilization.
Sinjar became widely known in August 2014 after the mass massacre of its Yazidi population by the Islamic State, but this remote region of northern Iraq has great geopolitical value and is the subject of competition between Iran and Turkey.
Observers note that the Turkish military interventions and the air raids launched by Ankara on Sinjar and the Kurdish areas in northern Iraq were the focus of the attention of French President Emmanuel Macron. Macron had responded to a call by the President of the Kurdistan Regional Government, Masrour Barzani, France and the international community to cooperate to resolve the outstanding issues between Kurdistan and the federal government, including the Sinjar Agreement, by saying, “Our visit to Kurdistan is a message that France will not abandon its friends.” It is a statement considered by observers not only to target the war against ISIS, but also to include a French role to besiege the escalating Turkish intervention in Iraq, especially in the Kurdish region.
A member of the political bureau of Badr Abu Mithaq al-Massar revealed that French President Emmanuel Macron intends to stop Turkish interference in Iraq and address the Sinjar issue. And the NRT Arabic network quoted Al-Masari as saying that “France wants to contain the crisis of Turkish forces’ penetration deep into Iraqi territory.”
Turkey, despite its apparent interventions by bombing PKK sites and pursuing its leaders, is looking forward to a permanent presence in the oil-rich region. A Turkish official had previously announced that his country intends to establish a number of temporary military bases in northern Iraq after it intensified its strikes on Kurdish fighters there, considering that these steps are aimed at ensuring border security.
However, Iraqi parties maintain that the Turkish talk about “temporary bases” is just a cover for a permanent military presence. The increased Iranian presence through the joint alliance with the Popular Mobilization Forces and the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) also poses a threat to Turkish interests in northern Iraq.
Iran is also seeking to besiege the Iranian Kurdish opposition in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. But like Turkey, the pursuit of Kurdish opponents is only a cover to ensure a strong presence in this strategic region. Iran is also concerned about Turkey establishing a foothold in the country under the pretext of fighting the PKK, which prompted it to mobilize the militias loyal to it.
Unlike Turkey, Iran sees great importance in its control of this region through the Popular Mobilization Forces, and it controls Baghdad and the central government. Washington considered that Iranian ambitions caused the delay in the implementation of the Erbil agreement.
On Monday, the US Consul in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Robert Palladino, said that his country’s government regrets the presence of pro-Iranian militias in the Sinjar district, stressing that it “does not want to address the problem of the judiciary.”
“We believe that the Sinjar Agreement is appropriate to solve the problem of the judiciary,” Palladino added, during a press conference in Erbil, stressing that “an understanding between the two governments in Baghdad and Erbil and the local population will solve the problem.”
This point was emphasized by Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, noting that “the implementation of the Sinjar Agreement is for the benefit of the residents of Sinjar and Nineveh and all Iraqis.”
And the website of Kurdistan 24 quoted the UN Special Representative as saying that “the Sinjar Agreement is very important, but unfortunately its implementation is very slow. I call on the government of Baghdad and the Kurdistan Regional Government, as well as those parties present in Sinjar, to make more serious efforts to implement the agreement.”
It is assumed, according to the terms of the Erbil-Baghdad agreement, the formation of an official local force of the Yazidis and work on the return of the displaced and the reconstruction of Sinjar. However, thousands of displaced people are still afraid to return to their areas due to security concerns and the spread of militias in Sinjar, whose residents demand that it be safe and demilitarized.
Observers warn of the developments of the situation, noting that since the restoration of the judiciary from ISIS in December 2015, many armed parties have been fighting for control, and this conflict may destabilize the entire region. With so many domestic and international interests overlapping in this relatively small area, without stabilizing Sinjar it will be very difficult to stabilize Iraq, not to mention that chaos will spill over into neighboring Syria.