Newspaper: Al-Halbousi and Saleh warned Abdul Mahdi not to remove American forces … fearing sanctions and militias


Baghdad – news

An Arab newspaper revealed today, Friday, that there are major differences between the three presidencies represented in Parliament, the resigned government and the Republic, regarding the issue of removing American forces from Iraq these days.

The newspaper said, in a report, quoting a high-ranking official source at the Presidency Court: The issue of removing the American military forces is strongly insisted upon by the resigned Prime Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi and other political forces loyal to Iran, indicating that Parliament Speaker Muhammad Al-Halbousi and Republic Barham Saleh told Abed Al-Mahdi rejected them as a step to remove American forces from Iraq.

She explained: Parliament and Republican Presidents cautioned Abdul Mahdi that the decision would drag the country into major problems, which may not end when the United States or Western countries lift their support for Iraq, or unilateral sanctions by Washington, as US President Donald Trump has threatened.

She noted that “Washington has become aware that the Presidents of Parliament and the Republic reject the project, especially since Al-Halbousi and Saleh have made phone calls to American officials, and the position of Iraqi officials represents, in the end, for the Americans a Sunni Arab and Kurdish position.”

While she stressed, according to the responsible source: “There is a Sunni-Kurdish fear that the departure of the American forces will be at the expense of a greater Iranian influence and an outreach to the militias in Iraq, considering that the American presence is a current equilibrium factor, even if not significantly”, indicating that “this matter Al-Halbousi informed him and Saleh Prime Minister Abdel-Mahdi during the meeting of the three presidencies, which was held last Tuesday.

Barzani: The presence of the American forces is necessary for Iraq and the parliament’s decision set a bad precedent

Time: 1/17/20 12:05 PM

(Baghdad: Al Furat News) The President of the Kurdistan Region, Nechirvan Barzani, stressed that the decision of the Iraqi parliament to remove the American forces from Iraq was not a good decision, as it was taken by the Shiite bloc only without consulting with the other major components in the country.

Stating that “it is better now is the serious participation and dialogue between Iraq and the United States on the future form of the deployment of the United States because the presence of American and coalition forces is necessary for all of Iraq.” 

In this interview with Al-Monitor, Nechirvan Barzani said about the impact of the killing of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Commander Qassem Soleimani and Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis in a US drone air raid on Iraq and the Kurdistan Region: “This event triggered a flood of emotions in Iraq and the United States, including the reaction of Parliament The Iraqi and the Iraqi Prime Minister, by the same token, the response of Washington to the American forces will remain in Iraq, regardless of what the parliament or the government and the like say, in my opinion it was also expressed with enthusiasm at the present moment, and the priority should be to put emotions aside, because we We need now Z contain the situation, to control it. ”

He added, “Our opinion is that the decision taken by the Iraqi parliament was not a good decision and the Kurds and Sunnis did not participate in this decision, moreover, it sets a bad precedent, as the decision was taken by the Shiite bloc without consulting any of the main components of this country, the Kurds And the Sunnis (the Arabs) were a very decisive step that was taken without seeking consensus and thus violating the spirit of the Iraqi constitution. This is not good for Iraq, now or for the future.

Pointing out that “the question that must first be addressed is: Why are American forces present here? They are here at the invitation of the Iraqi government in 2014 and in consultation with the United Nations Security Council when ISIS was on the outskirts of Baghdad, and the second: Does the current situation in Iraq justify The withdrawal of US and coalition forces, given their mission, which is to help defeat ISIS? As much as we are the Kurdistan Regional Government, we are concerned that the answer is not clear, as all intelligence indicates that ISIS has regrouped and that they carry out attacks against Iraqi targets on a daily basis. Here, the interest of Kurdistan Iraq charges for US forces as they are in the interest of Iraq as a whole. ”

On the pressures that Iran is under to remove American forces from Iraq, Nechirvan Barzani added that “during the visit of Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi here a few days ago, the impression we reached was that he was looking to solve this issue through dialogue rather than confrontation, it will be The idea is to come up with a new formula, to reshape, if you will, the future presence of American and coalition forces in Iraq. ”

Noting that “the presence of American and coalition forces is necessary for all of Iraq,” stressing that “the Iraqi Prime Minister is a pragmatic man looking to reformulate and redefine the future presence of these forces in Iraq, I do not think that relations between Iraq and the United States should be legislated through the media This is not useful. ”

Regarding the statements of the Iraqi Prime Minister that the American forces should leave the country, he said: “The Prime Minister of Iraq has the right to submit his complaint and the fact that such a major operation was conducted on Iraqi soil near the airport without his knowledge would have provoked a negative response from Baghdad.”

Noting that “it is better now is the serious participation and dialogue between Iraq and the United States on the future form of the deployment of the United States. 

On assessing the Iranian missile attack on the Americans, which also targeted Erbil, Barzani said: “The Iraqi leadership must maintain the interests, security and stability of the country, the Iraqi people, above all. The missile launch was a very clear message to everyone that Iran has the will and the ability to strike inside Any part of Iraq. ”

He stressed that “we do not want Iraq to become a battleground between Iran and America, and at the same time, Iran is our old neighbor, and the Iraqi Prime Minister since he took office has worked to avoid falling into the conflict between Iran and the United States.”

Regarding the transfer of US Vice President Mike Pines in November, an invitation from US President Donald Trump to attend the President of the Kurdistan Region at a meeting in the White House, he explained that “there is a permanent invitation, but no date has been set yet. Abdul-Mahdi resigned on November 29. The United States sees us as part of Iraq and they treat us that way. ”

On the possibility of meeting with US President Donald Trump in Davos, Negervan Barzani said: “I have to ask the foreign minister, it is not clear whether Trump will come to Davos, but I will meet Vice President Pence in Davos.”

Regarding the relations between Washington and the Kurdistan Region after the death of Qassem Soleimani, the President of the Kurdistan Region pointed out that “the Kurdistan Regional Government enjoys its legal and constitutional status of special importance within the Iraqi equation, and American policy towards Iraq, that is, one Iraqi policy.”

And on the possibility that the Kurdistan Region could be a potential mediator between Washington and Baghdad, between that “we certainly do and will do our part in this regard. We believe that it is really in the interest of Iraq to do that and that the relations between Washington and Baghdad remain stable, and we are ready to do our best within the limits of our capabilities.” Humble to contribute to stability and peace in this region. ”

The President of the Kurdistan Region, Nechirvan Barzani, noted about the role of Russia in Iraq after he had been active in Syria and Libya, saying: “It is clear that Russia has an important role in this region.”

Regarding his opinion on concluding an agreement between the Kurds in Syria and the Syrian government, Nechirvan Barzani said: “In principle we believe that the issue of the Kurds in Syria should be resolved within the borders of Syria. I think that the Syrian government should be more prepared than it is now. The Kurds in Syria are Part of Syria, and the Russians can make a difference, but when I interviewed Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov specifically asked him to help offer a deal between the Kurds and the regime I think President Putin should do more in this regard. ”

He added, “Our advice in the past, present and future is that the Syrian Kurds find a way to reach an agreement with the regime, as I have repeatedly told them to cut their ties with the PKK in Qandil.”

“I have always said that they did their best to provoke Turkey by placing the flags of the Kurdistan Workers Party and huge pictures of the leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party, Abdullah Ocalan, on the Turkish border directly, and for years we have been asking them to separate from the PKK and try to understand Turkey’s fears to avoid this outcome.” That we have today. ”

On the relationship of the Kurdistan Region with Turkey, Nechirvan Barzani said: “Our relations with Turkey have always been important and good, and the Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Region, Masrour Barzani, held a good meeting with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and we will continue in this way.”

Stressing that: “We cannot allow Iraqi Kurdistan to become a launching pad for attacks against any of our neighbors, and this problem must be solved in Turkey by peaceful means, whenever I meet Turkish officials, I remind them of this, that this problem needs to be resolved through dialogue, not from Through military means, this is in the interest of both sides. ”

Stressing that “the Kurdistan Region has a constitutional legal status inside Iraq. This is a recognized fact inside Iraq and internationally, so it makes sense in this regard to draw similarities between Iraqi Kurdistan and Rojava. For us in Iraqi Kurdistan, whenever we feel an opportunity to help our brothers and sisters in Rojava and the Kurds in places Other than to solve their problems peacefully within the countries in which they live, we are always happy to do so. I would also like to take this opportunity to salute my brothers and sisters in Rojava for their great sacrifices on the frontline in the war against ISIS, for their courage and dedication. I did not Be only to defend themselves and Syria, but to defend humanity and for this we owe them a big thanks, and it must be, there is a constitutional protection for all their rights within the framework of a united Syria, they must be equal citizens and express themselves freely as a Kurd. ”

The Kurdistan Region President talked about the agreement with Baghdad about the budget, revenue sharing and oil, saying: “After long discussions and many trips to Baghdad, we have already reached an agreement. We almost finished the deal at the end of September, we were supposed to deliver more than 250,000 barrels of oil. To the Iraqi National Oil Company SOMO at the export terminals in the Turkish port of Ceyhan overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, they will market it and the revenues will go to the Iraqi treasury from which the Kurdistan Regional Government will obtain its share. ”

On Turkey’s share he said: “They have nothing to do with it. So what will happen mainly is that we have to pay transit fees to the Turkish side and this is Iraqi oil, regardless of where it is extracted. We have the remaining 200,000 barrels we have that cover payments to oil companies for their services. Some of our debts are to them. But this deal is now forgotten and this uncertainty is clearly not good. However, as I mentioned, since March of last year, part of the salaries of public officials has been paid by the central government in Baghdad regularly About 55% We are talking about 380 million dollars a month It does not cover all salaries Our salary is for government employees, and social security is $ 700 million a month; 1.2 million people get government salaries, of whom 700,000 are employees working directly by the government, peshmerga, civil servants, etc. ”

“If you look at the performance of the previous government, we were often in a crisis management situation, with the budget dispute with Baghdad, and then ISIS, a lot has been achieved in the past ten years, but mistakes have been made as well. The government has started,” Barzani said. Al-Jadida has a better relationship with Baghdad and the regional defeat of the Islamic State, and it has embraced the power of the reform process and the implementation of reforms and is trying to do a better job. I think the prime minister is doing a good job. He has achieved a good balance in the cabinet, he is doing a good job. ”

President of the Kurdistan Region Nechirvan Barzani concluded the interview by talking about the PUK conference, saying: “They held a party conference and it was successful despite all speculation. They formed a committee to solve all their internal issues, until now it is still not clear who will actually head the party, but I think the president will be The Iraqi Barham Salih “finished

Karbouli: America has supported the government despite its corruption and there are attempts to mix papers on the demonstrations

Editing Date: 1/16/2020 13:21 •

[Follow-up] Where is the

leader of the solution party, Jamal Karbouli, that Washington supported the resigned government and overlooked its “corruption and crimes”, indicating that there are those who want to mix papers with lies, about the demonstrations supporting the American presence in Iraq.

Al-Karbouli said in his tweet on Twitter today: “Before it disagreed with it … America was the biggest supporter of the resigned government, and it turned a blind eye to its corruption and crimes.”

He continued, “Do not confuse the papers with lies that peaceful demonstrations support the presence of American forces in Iraq,” adding that “the popular demonstrations came out with one goal of toppling the corrupt power parties that destroyed Iraq.”

The American army resumes its joint operations with Iraq

Baghdad / … two American military officials confirmed that the American army has resumed its joint operations with Iraq, 10 days after it was suspended following the assassination of the commander of the Iranian Quds Force, Qassem Soleimani.

The New York Times quoted officials who did not mention their names as saying that “the army was keen to resume operations against ISIS as soon as possible, with the aim of missing the opportunity for the organization to regain its momentum, and denying it any propaganda victory it might claim because of the United States ceasing its operations in Iraq” “.
In response to a question by Agence France Presse, the Pentagon refused to comment on what was reported by “The New York Times”.
On the initiative of Washington, the joint military operations between the two countries ceased on January 5, two days after Soleimani was killed by a raid by a US plane marching near Baghdad airport.
On the same day, the Iraqi parliament asked the government to end the presence of all foreign forces in the country.
And Monday, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said, “All Iraqi leaders have told him on private councils, that they support the American military presence in their country, despite public calls for American soldiers to leave Iraq.”
However, Pompeo did not rule out a reduction in the number of his country’s soldiers deployed in Mesopotamia, in line with President Donald Trump’s desire to confirm his intention to withdraw from “costly” military operations in the Middle East. Finished 2

Trade agreement with China .. What is waiting for Iraq?

– 35 Minutes Ago

Researcher Shatha Khalil *

Iraq lives in an embarrassing economic situation, after exiting from its violent war against the terrorist organization ISIS, and the displacement and destruction that these wars left behind have depleted the country’s material capabilities, which need comprehensive reconstruction, in light of a federal budget that suffers from deficit and accumulated debts in trillions of dinars .

The Iraqi government took a step towards reform by signing a comprehensive trade agreement with the Chinese government on September 23, 2019, in Beijing, representing a new economic stage in the reconstruction of infrastructure for Iraq, within a program that can be called oil for reconstruction, as Iraq is one of the most important sources of supplying crude oil to The People’s Republic of China, with an export between 750 thousand barrels to one million barrels per day, and the trade balance between the two countries is not less than 30 billion dollars annually thanks to the momentum of merchandise imports from China.

Here, the opinions of the observers on these agreements were divided between a supporter and a critic, which is concluded with the second largest economic country in the world, possessing advanced technology, and giant companies, which can contribute to revitalizing the economy and improving services in Iraq, but is Iraq eligible for those contracts at the time He is suffering from financial and administrative corruption and the precarious political situation, in addition to the internal crises, from the protests and the consequences of the killing of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Commander Qassem Soleimani on the street, and the tension that “Iraq” is experiencing due to the “American-Iranian” conflict and the government between the pro Yen to Iran and among those rejecting its presence in Iraq, and what may be caused by the international financial sanctions by the American Federal Bank .. We mentioned this in a previous article … The question that arises in this circumstance .. Is the land of Iraq fertile for the start of investments?

He sees some independent politicians who confirmed that the agreement will inflict fraud on Iraq and mortgage its oil for fifty years, and independent politician Laith Shubbar said, “The signing of the agreement by an independent government and its implementation reflects the existence of suspicions of corruption.”

To get acquainted with the terms of the agreement between Iraq and China:

1. The agreement without penal terms and falls within the friendship agreements. In the event of a dispute, the recognized international arbitration bodies are resorted to.

2. The term of the agreement is 20 years.

3. The Iraq-China Fund for Reconstruction is established, supervised by the Iraqi government and a guaranty consulting firm, and is chosen by the central bank among the top five largest global companies.

4. The Chinese party guarantor of the agreement is the Chinese Insurance Corporation (SINO Shore), which is the supreme governmental organization.

5. The revenues of 100 thousand barrels per day of oil sold to China, specifically for the Chinese (Zinhua and Sinoc) companies, shall be seized, and the revenues of this oil shall be placed in the Iraqi-Chinese fund.

6. The credit limit of Chinese banks to the Iraqi-Chinese fund is $ 10 billion, with interest subsidized by the Chinese government.

7. If the first package of projects succeeds, and Iraq desires to increase investment, the ceiling for Iraqi oil sales will be raised to 300,000 barrels per day, and China will increase the borrowing ceiling to $ 30 billion.

8. The amount is deposited with a bank (steak bank), then the bank transfers the account to the American Federal Reserve Bank in New York, which oversees the total Iraqi oil sales, and there is an Iraq account of sales, then the amount is transferred to a new account called the investment account: investment account

9 An account is created in the name of the debt service account (repay account) and it is devoted to support the interest rate, and its amounts are deducted from the investment account.

10. The fund includes the coverage of the following projects:

• Airports

• Building schools

• Paving external roads

• Rails

• Treating pollution of the Tigris and Euphrates Shatt Al Arab

• Building housing complexes

• Infrastructure

projects • Energy and desalination

projects • Other projects as requested by the Iraqi government

If the cost of one of the projects above is one billion dollars, then the amount is taken from the fund by (850 million dollars from China and 150 million dollars from Iraqi oil sales).

11. The Council of Ministers chooses the above projects, and signs a one-time contract, for example: a contract is signed to build two thousand schools with an open contract called an open contract

12. The Iraqi oil money started depositing on 01/10/2019, and the amount of half a billion dollars has accumulated so far, With China ready to deposit 10 billion dollars, it was hoped that the first projects would be chosen these days, but the government would turn into a caretaker government that stripped it of the power to sign.

13. Iraq has the right to choose international European, American companies to be partners with China, according to the type of project.

With regard to China, the agreement: the

agreement is not without a political dimension, since China is searching for allies in the region, but the economic dimension is clear. The Chinese money is looking for its investments, and the technology needs a market for its disposal, and the Iraqi side is also looking for allies with high technological capacity, Significant liquidity, and countries with a difference in the exchange rate against the dollar, makes the work value greater than the paper value of domestic money.

China has great seriousness in making investments inside Iraq, for a reason that differs from the United States ’approach to Iraq, as the US’s political orientation is intended to create a state of balance in the Middle East region, whether politically or militarily, unlike China, which has commercial allies in the region, as a result Its flexible policy.

China is moving at a deliberate and steady pace to become the largest empire in the world to compete with the United States by building a new world order, and it is working through a very huge economic initiative called “Belt and Road” to expand the global economy.

As it has spent more than three hundred billion dollars on this project, and China plans to spend an additional trillion over the next ten years.

Many are the countries that have shown a positive view towards Chinese money, and I thought that they are almost free loans, but some consider negative, as he considered those loans very costly economically, and may work to curb these countries because they are related to the Chinese economy, and thus mortgage their future for Chinese companies.

If we take an example of these (negative) investments in Sri Lanka, where its strategic location on the busiest shipping line between East Asia, the Middle East and Europe, it has made it a great covet for China, which lavished on this small country with about eight billion dollars at an interest rate of 6.3%, which is a percentage High compared to the World Bank, whose interest ranges between 0.25% and 3%.

As a result, China obtained 85% of the share of the “Hambantonta” strategic port with a 99-year contract, in addition to about 15,000 acres close to the port as an industrial zone.

Mombasa port is in danger:

Kenya is also forced to mortgage the largest and most important port in the “Mombasa port” for the Chinese government, due to its accumulated loans, as the debt amounted to more than $ 5.5 billion, which places Kenya among the countries most vulnerable to losing strategic assets in favor of Beijing.

Finally … The question remains for the Iraqi officials who signed these agreements, what if Iraq faltered in repaying China’s debts, does it have thoughtful plans and alternative plans to ensure the sovereignty of the country’s economic and political independence, what will he do while suffering for years from great corruption, and comes in the 12th place among the most Corruption in the world, according to the latest report of Transparency International.

Therefore, everyone, and especially the concerned parties, must impose security and political stability and work to achieve peace in the Iraqi street, in order to ensure a serious start in the implementation of the projects expected for the rise of Iraq again, otherwise such contracts will become obsolete on Iraq and increase its dumping of debts and dependency on other countries.

Economic Studies Unit

Links Center for Research and Strategic Studies

In preparation for the expected “Monday” .. Liberation protestors announce a “comprehensive project” for Baghdad and the provinces


Yassin Iraq: Baghdad

, a group of sit-in tents in the Tahrir Square in Baghdad announced today, Thursday, the completion of a comprehensive project for Baghdad and the rest of the provinces, while stressing the issuance of the first position soon.

A number of tent officials published in Tahrir Square, its intention stating: “We gathered the camp of Tahrir protesters, we have completed our large and comprehensive project, for Baghdad and the rest of the uprising provinces, under the name of the Iraqi revolutionaries,” stressing that “our first position will be issued soon.”

Baghdad and some of the provinces are attending to coordinate and join the “Nasseriya ultimatum” launched by the demonstrators of Dhi Qar Governorate, where the deadline was set to 7 days, which ends on Monday, January 20, as the demonstrators confirmed that they would follow escalatory measures represented by cutting the international road linking Baghdad and Basra in a number of Nearby provinces on the way.

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Shabandar on the Sadr and Al-Amiri alliance: Stop lying to people

Baghdad / news

The Iraqi politician, Ghaleb Al-Shabandar, launched an attack on the Sadrist movement leader Muqtada Al-Sadr and the leader of the Al-Fateh Alliance, Hadi al-Amiri, after their meetings in Iran.

Shabandar said in a televised interview followed by “Al-Akhbariya”, that “Iraq is weak, its leaders are flabby, Al-Sadr sat in Iran and allied with Al-Amiri and called on his supporters to Melzania.”

He added, “Stop lying to people because the people are tired of these things, and the demonstrators have been spreading the land for 90 days and are tired of your actions.”