Why Iraq’s Kurds are united in Baghdad and divided in Erbil

 

Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi speaks at a news conference in Najaf, Oct. 20, 2014. Iraq’s prime minister has challenged the ruling elite with plans for a nonpolitical Cabinet to fight corruption. (photo by REUTERS/Alaa Al-Marjani)

ERBIL, Iraqi Kurdistan — The ongoing reform push by Iraq’s Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has brought about a sense of unity in the Kurdish ranks, unseen for the past couple of years.

Summary⎙ Print Despite their internal divisions, Kurdish parties are united in the face of Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi’s plan to reshuffle the Cabinet.
Author

When Abadi declared plans in February to reshuffle his Cabinet, an unintended consequence of his efforts was uniting major Kurdish factions in opposition to his stated goals. Kurds have stood against Abadi’s efforts to circumvent established political blocs and pick technocratic ministers for his Cabinet without having them being nominated by political groups.

“The Kurdish unity has stemmed from understanding the delicacy of the current situation in Iraq and Kurdistan,” Tariq Gardi, an Iraqi member of parliament from the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) that has the largest Kurdish bloc in the Iraqi parliament, told Al-Monitor. “Kurds agree that the principle of political partnership should be reflected in Baghdad’s institutions, as we Kurds are not just a political faction but a key component of this country.”

The five Kurdish blocs in the parliament in Baghdad have 62 seats in the 328-member chamber. The KDP has 25 seats, and the rest is divided among four other parties that are the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Gorran, Kurdistan Islamic Union and Kurdistan Islamic Group (Komal).

Although Abadi put forward 14 names at a parliament session March 31 as his choices for ministerial portfolios, the opposition from established Kurdish parties appears to have worked. They were against Abadi picking the ministers without consulting with them and objected to the reduced share Abadi has given to the Kurds. Now, Nizar Saleem Numan Doski, Abadi’s nominee to head the crucial Ministry of Oil, has said he will not accept the nomination if Kurdish blocs in the Iraqi parliament do not support him.

Kurds have even suggested that if Abadi is so keen to form a Cabinet of nonpartisan technocrats, he should also step down because he is a senior leader of the Islamic Dawa Party and as such does not fit the criteria he has set for his own Cabinet.

The current show of Kurdish unity in Baghdad comes amid deep fissures among those parties over a number of thorny issues in Iraqi Kurdistan.

At the heart of the disputes is the fate of the office of Iraqi Kurdistan’s presidency. Gorran and Komal have opposed the extension of Massoud Barzani’s tenure for another two years by a government body known as the Justice Ministry’s Consultative Council.

The political strife led to Barzani’s KDP taking the unusual step of blocking Gorran’s speaker of the Kurdish parliament from entering the Kurdish capital, Erbil, on Oct. 12, 2015, and expelling four Gorran ministers from the Kurdish Cabinet.

Ever since, the parliament has been in a state of limbo. Gorran is now back in its opposition role inside Iraqi Kurdistan and demands an overhaul of the establishment there. Before its expulsion from the government, Gorran was the second-largest bloc in the Kurdish coalition government in Erbil with four ministerial portfolios out of 21.

But despite the bad blood in Iraqi Kurdistan, both Gorran and Komal have stood together with the KDP and other Kurdish groups in Baghdad in opposing Abadi’s efforts to reform the Iraqi government. The Kurdish parties, in fact, appear to have developed an ability to compartmentalize their differences.

“There is currently a strategy by the Iraqi Kurdish parties to ensure there is a unified stance in Baghdad. This stance appears to be insulated from the political rivalries inside Iraqi Kurdistan,” Ahmed Ali, a research fellow at the American University of Iraq in Sulaimaniyah, told Al-Monitor.

Although Gorran has joined the Kurdish consensus in Baghdad with regard to Abadi’s moves, Sirwa Abdulwahid, a member of parliament from the party, said they support the prime minister’s reforms. “His reform efforts are good,” Abdulwahid told Al-Monitor. She added, “What we are against in regard to Abadi’s reforms is that the Kurdish representation in Baghdad’s institutions should not fall below 20% of the posts.”

Of the 14 ministers proposed by Abadi for his new Cabinet, only two are Kurdish.

Abdulwahid said her party, like other Kurdish groups, is against Abadi’s decision “to pick ministers for us. Everywhere in the world, political blocs pick their nominees and they are the ones representing people politically.”

The Kurdish members of parliament who Al-Monitor spoke to said Abadi’s nominees for the ministerial positions will be most likely rejected by parliamentary blocs. They say Abadi now either has to accept “technocratic” individuals put forward by political groups or risk facing a no-confidence motion by the members of parliament.

Amid the newfound Kurdish unity in Baghdad, some politicians are already calling for the unity in Baghdad to be used as an opportunity to mend fences inside the Kurdish house as well.

In a sign of its disgruntlement with the situation back in Iraqi Kurdistan, Gorran has refused to attend meetings of Kurdish blocks held in the Kurdish region and only attends the ones convened in Baghdad.

Ahmed Haji Rashid, a member of parliament from Komal, said calling for Kurdish consensus in Baghdad while imposing a party’s will in Kurdistan can’t continue. He directs the bulk of his criticism at the KDP, which is the dominant party in the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG).

“Fundamental reforms should be carried out in the political, administrative and economic realms,” Rashid wrote in a post on his public Facebook page. “The KRG needs to be a balanced institution in terms of its participants and the current monopolization needs to end.”

Kurdish sources say Abadi has now authorized the Kurdish blocs to pick three ministers for the new Cabinet on the condition that they are “technocratic” and competent.

If at the time of launching his reform project the prime minister hoped he could capitalize on the deep divisions among Kurdish parties in Iraqi Kurdistan to press ahead with his agenda, he has just achieved the opposite. His Cabinet overhaul efforts have only triggered a strong backlash and united response from the Kurds.

Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2016/04/abadi-cabinet-reshuffle-kurdish-unity-unprecedented.html#ixzz45NyXLRkY

Abadi refuses to reveal his booth , but in the new House ofRepresentatives

 

09/04/2016 23:23
Number of Views: 439

 

Tomorrow Press / Baghdad:

The refusal of Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, Saturday, to disclose the new nominations for ministerial positions, but in the House of Representatives.

According to sources close to him, for “tomorrow’s Press,” that “many of the political leaders demanded Abadi disclose the names to them before going to a vote in the House, but he promised to hand over the existing parliament finally Sunday evening or Monday morning.”

He added the sources, that “Abadi adopted a set of criteria for the selection of 20 ministers nominated by the relevant participating in the government blocs, and will keep the defense and interior ministers in the new cabinet line-up.”

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National delivers the list of candidates for the ministries to Abadi

 


4/10/2016 0:00

Baghdad, Omar Abdel-Latif
Revealed the National Alliance for the submission of Ministers of candidates for public office in accordance with the reform sought by the Prime Minister, at a time when the decision of the House of Representatives expected to determine a rate of 50 percent for each of the political blocs on the one hand and Abadi, on the other hand for the selection of the cabinet reshuffle, the Kurdistan Alliance has pledged to be a selection process Minister of simple kiss in the event of the Prime Minister agreed on the proposals in the ministerial representation. The MP said the coalition of state law Full Zaidi: that an agreement was between the political blocs and Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi on the nomination of the names of accepted that carry the same terms of reference and features requested by the Prime Minister, adding that the country had a lot of scientific and national statures and independents.
Eight Committee

He said al-Zaidi, in an interview for »morning», that «the eight committee of the National Alliance presented three candidates for each ministry to Abadi last Thursday, and these nominations are blocs has waived abhorrent quotas that dominated the political scene candidacy names for a variety of ministerial are not parties also the prime minister is not obliged to accept those nominations in case he saw inappropriate », and hinted that« the ball is now in the home and is trying to exploit the ten days given to him by parliament for the completion of his cabinet and submit those names to study without any time limit exceeded on the constitution or the law », ruling that «the political blocs are trying to repeat their earlier experiences in the selection of people incompetent for ministerial positions, describing she goes ahead and repeat the experiment that represents« suicidal »and challenge the popular mobility
And the street ».
For his part, told the House of Representatives decision of Imad Youkhana: The parliamentary committees will meet this week to express their views in the ministerial line-up presented by the Prime Minister, in addition to consultations between the Presidency of the parliament and the prime minister and the political blocs to reach a common point so as to provide officially by the prime minister with a sacking or the resignation of former prime ministers and one decision within
Parliament.

Provide candidates

He Youkhana, in a special interview for «morning», he «expected blocs to nominate its candidates to the Prime Minister to be the same specifications requested by it, considering that the imposition of the Minister to the Prime Minister phase has passed», expecting that «there would be what rate of 50 percent for each of the political blocs and the Prime Minister in the selection of ministers for the new government to be able to proceed with its project, strong and supported by the masses and the parliament ».
Meanwhile, a MP from the Kurdistan Democratic Party Arafat Karam: that the prime minister did not neglect the idea that the Kurds nationalist background in Iraqi society, indicating that «the Kurds to have a unified position is to deal with them as a nationality, not political parties, and to ensure a 20 percent stake of ministerial positions and knowledge of the ministries that will be given for them, as well as the need Abadi talk with the Kurdish leadership in change
Conformable.
He said Karam, in an interview for »morning», that «the Kurds be nominated three figures for each ministerial post, while it will be the Prime Minister the freedom to choose one of them according to the conditions that the candidate still potent and fair», indicating that «submit names to the prime minister is not a problem. It is easy as that the Kurds have a competent and capable persons to fill ministerial posts in the central government, but they are awaiting the approval of the prime minister on their conditions and suggestions they have given him. »

Seriousness in reform

The MP from the Union of Iraqi forces pretty Abadi has been described what is happening now as «flop» and quotas abhorrent can not get out easily, indicating that the decision-makers to change the cabinet reshuffle have no seriousness in the fight against corruption and to choose honest and competent personalities to lead the country during the next phase.
She Abadi, in an interview for »morning», that «the political blocs when you fall in such situations, it invokes States that followed and such a thing is not acceptable and can not lead Iraq to safety», claim these blocks that «be more serious in the process change and reform, which came out for it and demanded by the people after 13 years in which governments did not provide anything to the citizen ».

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Abadi candidates receive blocks of the Government of “technocrats”

Abadi candidates receive blocks of the Government of "technocrats"

 

Received Prime Minister Haider al – Abadi political blocs nominations for ministerial positions onthe basis of variety “technocrats.”

A political source said, ” The old nominations for Ebadi has changed completely, after he becamethe agreement on the nomination of all parties participating in the candidates , the government renewed in accordance with the proposed government of technocrats standards , ” noting that ” themain criteria is the competence and experience and the lack of political affiliation and biographygood.”

The source added, ” The number of ministries will be 22 ministries only, according to the proposed quota in the current government,” adding that “some of the blocks do not have candidates for theministries, and was forced to nominate other functions.”

” The Abadi will present the final list on Sunday morning, to the House of Representatives is expected to vote on Monday.”

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New measures in the way of economic reform

 

 



9/4/2016 0:00

Industry: Coordination modern window Council towards integration between the public and private sectors

BAGHDAD – Ahmed Abed Rabbo
promised the Ministry of Industry and Minerals establishment of the industrial coordination by theCouncil of Ministers «modern window» Council towards integration Alaguetsada.aota this at a time when the Commission announced the restructuring of public companies , which includes 10 ministries to take important measures for economic reform.

the
official ministry spokesman Abdul Wahid al – Shammari said in a statement »Sabah»: the «cabinet approval for the formation of Industrial coordination Council , a step towards economic integration among various industrial sectors, like the rest of the world».

he the «this council is a modern window will achieve integration between public and private sectors, as well as civil society organizations».

the cabinet approved on Tuesday the establishment of industrial coordination Council, as decided to liquidate Sennacherib technologies irrigation of the Ministry of Agriculture.

In terms of the Commission corporate restructuring, Shammari added that « the committee formed by the Council of Ministers headed by the Minister of Industry and minerals Mohammed Darraji includes membership representatives from ten ministries have taken several important measures aimed at economic reform and the advancement of the public companies, according to the national development plan prepared and studied by the advisers» .

He pointed out that «the Commission is working on a restructuring of those companies and referred to the investment in the form of stages in collaboration with the World Bank, which would make them turn into profitable companies is reflected at the national economy and the standard of living for Mlakatha».

the Al – Shammari said that « the restructuring guarantees for companies work according to economic principles of proper business standards, and will have high competitiveness , thus contributing to the creation of other jobs, with investment of human Mlakatha, through the introduction of modern technology and trained at the highest skill and competence levels. »

He said« investors who wish to get those precious opportunities for them choice in the number of angels that they need, and the state will provide surplus staffs ‘ salaries », revealing« the presence of a great desire among Iraqis and foreign investors to invest inthese companies , especially after the amendments made ​​to contracts formats ».

regarding the steps to activate the work, said the official spokesman for the« Committee He is currently working on making the legislation and laws related to investing more flexible through direct contact with the judicial and legislative power »,

adding that« the Committee shall hold regular meetings to develop a well thought out and effective recommendations from all sides and then brought by the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers for approval under the supervision of Supreme Audit and the integrity Commission ».

He believes that« the advancement of economic reality and build an industrial base restore prestige to the Iraqi industry requires extraordinary efforts by all state institutions and to address to those who conspire to disrupt the production process in the country and make it a consumer only, in order to make a profit from import contracts , which do not serve the interest of the country ».

in the same context, al – Shammari detect the opening of the Minister of Industry and minerals written Almqalbh automatic in the foundry and sections iron plant in structures lab affiliated to the General Company for steel Industries», adding that «those fonts used for military industries and civil».

Furthermore, announced the General Company auto and equipment , one of the Ministry of industry and minerals fire sale of trucks and specialized equipment to ensure citizens in installments in exchange for property value covers the amount of the truck.

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Oil near $ 42

 

04/09/2016 12:28
Number of Views: 156

Tomorrow Press / follow-up:

Crude oil closed on Saturday, at a height of more than 6%, with output falling by Russia and US stocks.

And ended the World London Brent crude contracts for closer trading session high of $ 2.42 or 6.14 percent to maturity are recorded at the settlement of $ 41.85 a barrel, after having exceeded the level of $ 42 earlier in the session.

And stepped up US crude futures to $ 2.38, or 6.39 per cent to settle at 39.64 dollars a barrel.

The market drew support when Russia, said that oil production declined as he prepares the key oil producers to meet in Doha on the seventeenth of April to freeze production.

Government data on Thursday showed that commercial crude stocks in the United States fell about five million barrels last week while analysts’ forecasts indicate an increase of 3.2 million barrels.

She said Baker Hughes oil services company on Friday, said that US energy companies continued to reduce the number of oil rigs for the third consecutive week, which contributes to the support of the fundamentals of the market.

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