March 28, 2023
The U.S. Senate voted overwhelmingly, Monday, in favor of legislation repealing the licenses of the 1991 and 2002 Iraq wars, as Congress lobbied to restore its role in deciding to send U.S. combat troops out of the United States.
The legislation received 65 votes to 28 on completing the debate on the legislation, more than 60 votes required in the 100-member Senate, paving the way for a vote to pass later this week.
And all the voices against the legislation were Republicans.
Members of Congress have argued for years that the Senate ceded much power to both Republican and Democratic presidents over whether troops should be sent to fight, according to Reuters, by passing “open” licenses to wage wars and then fail to cancel them.
Under the Constitution, Congress, not the President, has the right to declare war.
Supporters of the current bill call 1991 and 2002 military force licenses against Iraq “zombie” licenses.
They say the licenses are outdated and inadequate, given that the wars are long over and Iraq is now a partner of the United States.
This month marks the 20th anniversary of the start of the 2003 Iraq War.
“The revocation of these licenses will show the region, and to the world, that the United States is not an occupying power, that the war in Iraq is over, that we are moving forward, and that we are moving forward, and working with Iraq as a strategic partner,” the agency quoted Bob Menendez, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, who is a Democrat, as saying before the vote.