The Sudanese government and the new American approach to Iraq 

Iyad Amber06 November 2022

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Iraqi Prime Minister Receives Washington's Ambassador to Baghdad

From the first moment of announcing the results of the October 2021 elections, until the formation of the new government headed by Muhammad Shiaa al-Sudani, the accusation of foreign interference was present in the discourse of the political forces that formed what is known as the coordinating framework, and that there is a US-Gulf project that seeks to change the political equation, by excluding political parties. Shiites about the political scene, specifically the formation of the new government. This justification was one of the most important weapons of the media armies of the coordinating framework forces that they use in the arguments of asylum to the blocking third and the rejection of the majority government called for by Muqtada al-Sadr and his allies in the National Salvation Alliance.  

The winds later took place with what the ships of the coordinating framework forces desired, and it shifted from the blocking third to the one controlling the formation of the government, thanks to the withdrawal of the Sadrist movement’s representatives, internally. Externally, America is urging the need to achieve stability and end the chaos left by the repercussions of the continuing political impasse by forming a new government, under the pressure of the energy problems faced by its European allies due to the repercussions of the continuing Russian war against Ukraine. Iran’s strategy succeeded in putting pressure on its allies within the coordination framework to keep it unified.   

All these regional and international circumstances served the framework’s quest to form his government, and they played the game when they presented Muhammad Shia al-Sudani to form the new government, as he is a non-controversial figure who has knowledge and experience in the interaction of international and regional relations by virtue of his work in previous governments. America hastened to build bridges of communication with the Sudanese since the early days of announcing his candidacy until his assignment, and then the formation of his government, so that the American ambassador in Baghdad, “Elena Romanowski”, was the first to extend congratulations to Mr. Sudanese upon his official assignment and after obtaining the confidence of Parliament. The movement of the American ambassador reflects a realistic trend that expresses the Americans’ handling of the internal decision of the political forces to reflect a new image that differs from what is being marketed by imposing the American agenda on the decision of political forces, or their support for specific personalities to take over the government, or even their support for the survival of the Al-Kazemi government.  

The abuse of the US embassy in Baghdad may not be an expression of a new strategic direction in dealing with the developments of political events in Iraq, which reflect the rise of political forces that the Americans consider close to close relations with Tehran, especially since the US National Security Strategy announced in (October) 2022), it did not mention Iraq as one of its priorities, but it emphasized the persistence of the Iranian threat to destabilize the Middle East.  

However, it seems that Washington has a new approach to confronting Iranian spheres of influence, and this is being done through US embassies in countries where Iran has a high influence. It seems that the file demarcation of the border was carried out through the intervention of the American embassy in Beirut, and the support for the formation of the Sudanese government took place through the American embassy in Baghdad, both of which express the decline in the role of the American envoy for the Middle East files in the form of direct intervention.  

Perhaps America intends to follow a different political approach away from the strategy of the Democrats during the Obama era, which emphasized sitting at the negotiating table, or the strategy of the Republicans during the Trump era, which insisted on escalating tension and staying on the edge of confrontation and direct confrontation. It seems that the US State Department’s strategy during the Biden era depends on dealing with the arms of Iranian political influence, whether directly, as happened in Iraq, or indirectly, as happened in Lebanon. As a result, the United States seeks to embarrass the forces that raise the banner of hostility against America by politically dealing with it as a reality, and moving towards dealing with actors away from the hegemony of the influential Iranian center.   

The important thing is that rehabilitating the US Embassy in Baghdad in dealing with the events in Iraq, and away from the dominance of the complexities of the US foreign political decision-making circles and its repercussions, is an important opportunity for the Shiite political forces to correct their relationship with America, away from the slogans of ideological polarization in regional conflicts. It is also a new challenge for Prime Minister Muhammad Shia Al-Sudani, who was clear in his conversation with the American ambassador when he assured her that dealing with Iraq should be away from the traditional thinking that he wants Iraq to be in the front line of the American confrontation with Iran, and it must be avoided from claiming The lie is that a government close to or supported by America can perform this function, but rather to help achieve stability in Iraq and support its economy, it achieves the interests of the two countries away from the quarrels of escalation and confrontation with Tehran and its proxies in Iraq.  

In the coming days, Al-Sudani will face an important political challenge, both internally and externally. Internally, he has to convince the Shiite political forces participating in his government that repeating the mistakes of dealing with the Abdul-Mahdi government by entering the government and embarrassing it with Katyusha rockets targeting embassies in the Green Zone must not be repeated with him, and that the foreign policy orientation must be in accordance with the criterion of political interest and not preconceived positions. And that the government is the first and last responsible for the external political decision, and it cannot be accepted to weaken its function in preserving the sovereignty of Iraq.   

Externally, he needs to strengthen foreign relations with regional and international powers and benefit from the external support and welcome that his government has received, and then he must start by choosing a diplomatic team that expresses the direction of the Sudanese government in foreign policy, and that this team is qualified to present the vision of the new government, and provide its external support.  

Iyad Amber

Iyad Amber

The opinions and views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the official opinions, views or policies of Middle East Broadcasting Network (MBN).

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The King of Britain to the President of the Republic: I look forward to continuing to strengthen the strong partnership that exists between our two countries

political| 02:47 – 05/11/2022

image

Baghdad – Mawazine News
, President of the Republic, Abdul Latif Jamal Rashid, received, on Saturday, a cable of congratulations from Britain’s King Charles III.

A statement by the President’s Information Office stated that “Rasheed received a congratulatory message from His Majesty King Charles III, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, on the occasion of his election as President of the Republic.”

Here is the text of the message:
“Your Excellency,
on the occasion of your election as President of the Republic of Iraq, I am pleased to send you my warmest congratulations. The close relations between our two countries remain of paramount importance to the United Kingdom.
I look forward to continuing to strengthen the friendly relations of friendship, and to support the strong partnership existing between our two countries, wishing your Excellency and the Iraqi people the best wishes. Ended 29/N33

https://www.mawazin.net/Details.aspx?jimare=210301

Al-Sudani and the UAE President stress the importance of developing partnership and coordinating positions

political| 08:23 – 05/11/2022

image

Baghdad – Mawazine News
, Prime Minister, Muhammad Shia Al-Sudani, and the President of the United Arab Emirates, Muhammad bin Zayed Al Nahyan, discussed, on Saturday, the bilateral relations between the two countries.
The Media Office of the Prime Minister stated in a statement that Mawazine News received a copy of it, that “Shia Al-Sudani received today, Saturday, a phone call from the President of the United Arab Emirates, Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, in which he congratulated Al-Sudani on the occasion of his assumption of his duties and his government’s gaining the confidence of the House of Representatives.” .
He added, “The phone call witnessed a discussion of the overall bilateral relations between Iraq and the UAE, and the prospects for joint cooperation for the benefit of the two countries and their brotherly peoples.”
According to the statement, the two parties stressed the importance of developing partnership and coordinating positions to confront economic challenges at the regional and international levels, and to achieve security, stability and sustainable development for the countries of the region and their brotherly peoples.

https://www.mawazin.net/Details.aspx?jimare=210332

A conference in Washington draws the picture of Iraq in 20 years and its challenges internally and externally

Reports & AnalyticsIraqbreakingInternal and external challengesSecurity and terrorismEnergy and Economy

 2022-11-05 13:13A-AA+

Shafaq News/ The American “Atlantic Council” Institute presented a summary of a two-day conference it organized on Iraq in Washington, DC, in which many US and Iraqi decision-makers and senior experts and researchers participated, under the title “Turbulence and Transition: Iraq after twenty years of the invasion”, in an attempt to To paint a picture of Iraq over the past two decades, and to identify the opportunities and possibilities faced by new generations in Iraq.

In the report translated by Shafak News Agency, the American Institute explained that the conference was held on October 25 and 26 last, and included speeches and discussions related to the security scene in Iraq, the regional role in mediation and foreign policy in general, in addition to the energy sector, and efforts to deal with challenges climate, in addition to the challenges that Iraq is facing related to its transition to democracy.

Integrative Middle East

With regard to the first day of the conference, the report summarized parts of a speech delivered by the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Iraq and Iran Affairs and Public Diplomacy in the US State Department Jennifer Gavito, in which she addressed the efforts of US President Joe Biden to strive for a more integrated Middle East by accelerating support For regional partners, including Iraq.

In addition, Javito also discussed the issue of the fruitful partnership between the United States and Iraq, and stressed that Iraq, although it has faced and overcome many challenges, is currently facing new challenges, including unemployment and lack of electricity, considering that the new government bears the responsibility for Develop policies that achieve improvement in the lives of citizens and reduce corruption.

According to the US official, the youth of Iraq are its most important resource, as 60% of the country’s population is under the age of 25.

Security and counter-terrorism

Under the title of the Armed Forces, Security and Combating Terrorism, the head of the Counter-Terrorism Service, Lieutenant-General Abdul-Wahhab Al-Saadi, stressed that security challenges lie at the heart of all problems in Iraq, especially since 2003, despite the fact that the United States helped develop the capabilities of the Iraqi army.

The report quoted Al-Saadi as saying that the army still needs a major development process and is trying to do so with the help of the Ministry of Interior and other government institutions.

For his part, retired US Army General Michael de Barbero spoke about the importance of continuing US aid and support to Iraq, but only on condition that corruption be tackled and Iran’s “malign influence” dealt with, in addition to continuing US intelligence activity in the field with the aim of combating terrorism in Iraq.

General Barbero also stressed the importance of reducing and eliminating corruption within the security institutions of the Kurdistan Regional Government.

strategic framework agreement

As for the former Iraqi Foreign Minister, Muhammad Ali al-Hakim, he spoke about the importance of the strategic framework agreement between Washington and Baghdad, considering it the basis for bilateral relations between the two countries, but he indicated the need for Iraq to balance its relations with both the United States and Iran.

Al-Hakim called on Iraq to attract more private sector companies, which would lead to strengthening political dialogue with the United States, in addition to developing the economy and the security situation in the country.

Al-Hakim also called for activating the exploitation of renewable energy, similar to what Egypt is doing, as Iraq enjoys an abundance of the sun in order to generate energy.

Al-Kazemi stage

Under the title “Iraq in the region”, the researcher at the “Atlantic Council” Abbas Kazem addressed the stage of former Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi, as well as the idea that internal weakness opens the door to influence and external interference, and stresses the importance of Iraq’s internal recovery, by focusing on addressing Civil divisions based on ethno-sectarian lines.

As for the advisor in the office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Manal Radwan, she considered that Iraq was able to restore confidence in it in the region, especially on the part of Saudi Arabia, despite the fact that Iran’s proxies in Iraq still constitute a major issue threatening regional and international peace and security.

Radwan stressed the importance of strengthening Iraq’s institutions, adding that Saudi Arabia should work with Iraqis and other international partners to strengthen Iraq.

For his part, the former Consul General of Turkey in Erbil, Aydin Celgen, spoke about the close relationship between Turkey and Iraq, especially commercially, adding that Turkey is the way for all Iraqis to link up with the West.

Iraq and Iran

As for the prominent researcher at the British “Chatham House” Institute, Sanam Wakil, he pointed out that Iran has been a pioneer for 13 years in developing relations with Iraq, and therefore it is considered the most important foreign player in Iraq today.

According to Wakil, this relationship has caused great damage to Iraq’s internal stability, as Iran has used Iraq to advance its broader regional ambitions.

Constitutional reforms

In his welcoming intervention on the second day of the conference, Director of the Atlantic Council, Olin Withington, discussed the unstable situation in Iraq and subsequent developments related to failures, in addition to potential solutions to multiple challenges, such as relying on constitutional reforms.

Withington highlighted the idea that Iraq, despite being a country dependent on oil, structural challenges are still present, in addition to the opportunities represented by the private sector are still limited.

According to Withington, the widespread protests mean that there are general grievances and a loss of patience, especially among young people, also pointing to the “political fragility” due to the inability to form a new government for more than a year since the last elections.

But he stressed that the young generation represents the future of this country, adding that “shaping the future is our primary collective task, and from here comes the priority of this conference.”

Withington noted that “the United States is committed to a strategic partnership with the people and government of Iraq, and it seeks to support a stable, prosperous, democratic, and united Iraq.”

Energy, Economy and Environment

The CEO of Crescent Petroleum, Majid Jaafar, also spoke, considering that the oil issue did not occur after the Ukraine war or the Corona epidemic, adding that there was a “chronic structural deficit in oil.”

Jaafar considered that in light of the lack of gas supplies, Iraq should play a major role in supplying global markets after meeting its own energy needs.

For his part, the former Iraqi Minister of Electricity Louay Al-Khatib addressed the issue of the electrical connection, saying that it solves the electricity crisis in Iraq.

The report quoted Sarah Vakhshuri, from the “SVB International Energy”, as saying that Iraq can achieve independence in energy and in the field of decarbonization, stressing the importance of extracting natural gas and increasing oil production.

She pointed out that the lack of investments in the field of fossil fuels is a major reason for the rise in energy prices and the shortage in its supply, noting that the issues of energy production and security are still present due to problems related to regulating investment that prevent Iraq’s progress locally and globally.

culture, education and technology

The report presented a summary of the speech of the former Iraqi Minister of Culture, Hassan Nazim, in which he addressed Iraq in the fields of culture, education and technology, discussing issues not centered on security, as he stressed Iraq’s determination to rebuild and renew itself despite all the challenges that exist.

Nazim stressed that Iraq has become a center of consensus while it was a center of conflicts in the past, pointing to Iraq’s clearly developed relationship with the United States, despite past and current challenges.

The democratic experience

Under the title “Iraq’s Democratic Experience”, former diplomat Faisal Al-Istrabadi, who founded the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at Indiana University in the United States, spoke, noting that the most difficult task for the new Iraqi government is to create a sense of trust between the Iraqi people and the government.

But Al-Istrabadi considered that corruption in Iraq will continue and no major reform will be achieved.

For his part, the independent advisor on Iraq, Laith Kubba, touched on the previous protest movements and their impact, but considered that the “dysfunctional regime” was not able to reform itself from within, but the youth of Iraq are forcing the regime to change.

As for the former deputy in the Iraqi parliament, Sarkot Shams Al-Din, he pointed out that there are independent but “incompetent” individuals within the political system in Iraq, which would cause inaccuracies in the decision-making process within the parliament.

He added that parliament was still effectively controlled by major political parties or “key players”.

The report quoted Boston University professor Shamiran Mako as emphasizing on finding ways for the government to restore confidence by providing the necessary institutional reforms and pursuing more conciliatory policies.

He concluded by saying that what Iraq is witnessing was not a functioning democracy, but rather an elite game with regard to how to manage the work of the government.

Translation: Shafak News Agency

https://shafaq.com/ar/%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D9%88%D8%AA%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AA/%D9%85-%D8%AA%D9%85%D8%B1-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%B4%D9%86%D8%B7%D9%86-%D9%8A%D8%B1%D8%B3%D9%85-%D8%B5%D9%88%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%82-%D8%AE%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%84-20-%D8%B3%D9%86%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%AA%D8%AD%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%AA%D9%87-%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%AE%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%AE%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%AC%D9%8A%D8%A7

Britain’s King: I look forward to continuing to strengthen the existing strong partnership with Iraq

  • Time: 11/05/2022 14:46:55
  • Reading: 286 times
Britain's King: I look forward to continuing to strengthen the existing strong partnership with Iraq

  {Political: Al Furat News} The President of the Republic, Abdul Latif Rashid, received a congratulatory message from the King of the United Kingdom of Britain and Northern Ireland, Charles III, on his election as President of the Republic.

Charles said, according to the text of the message conveyed by the Presidency of the Republic: “On the occasion of your election as President of the Republic of Iraq, I am pleased to send you my warmest congratulations.”

“The close relationship between our two countries remains of paramount importance to the United Kingdom,” he added.

Charles expressed his looking forward to “continuing to strengthen the friendly relations of friendship, and to support the strong partnership that exists between our two countries, wishing your Excellency and the Iraqi people the best wishes.”

https://alforatnews.iq/news/%D9%85%D9%84%D9%83-%D8%A8%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B7%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D8%A3%D8%AA%D8%B7%D9%84%D8%B9-%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%85%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%B2%D9%8A%D8%B2-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%83%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%AA%D9%8A%D9%86%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%A6%D9%85%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%B9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%82

Rashid and Blinken discuss by phone improving the relationship between Baghdad and Erbil

politicsPresident of the RepublicAnthony BlinkenUS Secretary of StateAbdul Latif Rashid

 2022-11-05 00:33A-AA+

Shafaq News / Iraqi President Abdul Latif Rashid and US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken discussed, on Saturday, ways to improve the relationship between Baghdad and Erbil, after the formation of the new government, while they touched on the climate crisis and water scarcity.

This came during a phone call that Rashid received from Blinken, in which the US minister congratulated the Iraqi president on his election, wishing him and the Iraqi government success in their missions, according to a statement received by Shafaq News Agency.

The US Secretary of State expressed his happiness with the “peaceful and democratic way in which the President of the Republic was elected, and the formation of a government that works to accomplish everything that would support the stabilization of security in Iraq, support its stability, provide services to its people, and improve the relationship between the Center and the Kurdistan Region in the interest of Iraq with all its components.

The two sides stressed, according to the statement, the importance of the “strategic alliance and close cooperation between Iraq and the United States in fighting terrorism in Iraq and the region, and America’s support for the Iraqi people.”

In turn, the Iraqi president noted his attendance at the climate summit to be held in Sharm el-Sheikh, referring to “the environmental problems that Iraq suffers from and the scarcity of water.”

https://shafaq.com/ar/%D8%B3%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%A9/%D8%B1%D8%B4%D9%8A%D8%AF-%D9%88%D8%A8%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%83%D9%86-%D9%8A%D8%A8%D8%AD%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%AA%D9%81%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D8%AA%D8%AD%D8%B3%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82%D8%A9-%D8%A8%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A8%D8%BA%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%AF-%D9%88-%D8%B1%D8%A8%D9%8A%D9%84