Barham Salih calls for a “new political contract” in Iraq 

Sunday – 9 Ramadan 1443 AH – 10 April 2022 AD Issue number [15839]

Baghdad: «Asharq Al-Awsat»

Iraqi President Barham Salih warned against the continuation of the current political crisis that the country is going through, about 6 months after the elections, considering that it could lead to dangerous results. In a statement marking the 19th anniversary of the US occupation of Iraq and the overthrow of former President Saddam Hussein’s regime, Saleh called for a new political contract.
Saleh said in a statement distributed by the Presidency of the Republic that “on the day the idol of tyranny fell, There is an urgent need to meet the Iraqis’ demand for rational governance, and to address the structural defect in the system of governance.” He added: “On April 9, we remember the fall of the tyrannical regime that committed the most heinous crimes against Iraqis, and squandered the country’s wealth and the energies of its sons in wars and absurd conflicts that our people paid for.” And he added, “April 9 is also an occasion to review the overall political performance in the country after the experience of two decades.”
While Saleh called not to “underestimate the major transformations achieved after the change in 2003”, he considered that “failures that occurred must be acknowledged and cannot be justified only by the legacy of the previous regime.” He explained that «the need is urgent today to meet the demand of all Iraqis for a rational rule that transcends the mistakes and loopholes of experience, and to address the structural defect in the system of governance that requires real and radical reform that cannot be postponed, and this will not be achieved without restoring the confidence of the people as the source of authority and its legitimacy through exceptional and courageous measures that place The interests of the citizens are above all else.”
The Iraqi president said: “After two decades of change, our country is going through a sensitive circumstance amid a political blockage and the delay in constitutional benefits beyond their specified dates, which is totally unacceptable after more than five months have passed since early elections were held in response to a popular movement and national consensus as a means for reform and ensuring political stability. and social, and to correct the wrong paths, improve the conditions of citizens and respond to their demands.” He believed that “the continuation of the political crisis may lead the country – God forbid – towards dangerous labyrinths in which everyone will lose, and therefore all political forces today have a historical, national and moral responsibility to unite the national ranks through a serious and effective dialogue to get out of the current crisis, and to start forming a national government.” She is capable, effective, protects the interests of the country, enhances its sovereignty and independence, works to meet the aspirations of Iraqis, and confronts the huge challenges before us, especially the internal economic conditions and in light of regional conditions and international changes.
Saleh stressed that “the months that followed the October elections confirm what we said about the need for constitutional amendments that must be initiated during the coming period, through national accord and understanding, for items that experience proved responsible for intractable crises. The dangerous scourge of corruption that threatens the state’s entity requires a decisive stand to combat it, and work to ensure equal opportunities for all Iraqis in building the country and its renaissance, and this requires revisions and reform decisions based on openness and a unified will. He renewed the call for a “political and social contract that guarantees civil peace, based on an objective review of past mistakes.”
In addition, the reactions of the political forces varied in the way they dealt with the ninth of April 2003, which coincided yesterday with its nineteenth anniversary. At a time when many citizens in the street ignored this memory, especially after the catastrophic failure and mistakes committed by the Iraqi political forces that took power after the fall of the previous regime, political blocs and personalities issued statements condemning the American occupation. As for the Kurds, they view the ninth of April as an important day, as it brought down Saddam Hussein’s regime and led to the “liberation of Iraq,” according to a statement by the Kurdistan Democratic Party bloc.
The anniversary of the fall of the previous regime this year coincides with the most serious case of political obstruction suffered by the current regime in Baghdad. Although more than five months have passed since the early elections in October 2021, the political forces were unable to elect a president of the republic or form a new government in light of the division over whether it would be a national majority government or a consensus government.

Parliamentary Investment: We will monitor the process of pumping currency into the market

political| 05:53 – 09/04/2022


Special – Mawazine News
, a member of the Parliamentary Economy and Investment Committee, Muhammad Al-Ziyadi, confirmed that the parliamentary committees will anticipate the Ministry of Finance’s action to pump the currency into the market.
Al-Ziyadi said in an interview with “Mawazine News” that “during our question to the Minister of Finance, we tried hard to find a solution to the issue of the delay in approving the budget, but the Finance’s response to the Food Security Law contained many problems.”
He added, “The government must cover the street with a certain liquidity, regardless of the arguments, and there will be strong oversight from the House of Representatives in this regard.” Ended 29 / h

Head of the Supreme Judicial Council: The Iraqi constitution authorizes the “emergency government”

politicsbreakingFaeq ZaidanSupreme Judicial Councilemergency government

 2022-04-09 08:55A-AA+

Shafaq News/ The head of the Supreme Judicial Council, Faeq Zaidan, confirmed on Saturday that the Iraqi constitution permits the declaration of an “emergency government” despite the absence of an explicit text for that, noting that “the caretaker and emergency government” came within the context of the constitutional articles.

Zaidan wrote in an article followed by Shafak News Agency; The meaning of a particular phrase on the intent of the constitutional legislator may be explicit so that there is no possibility of its conflict, and this phrase is described as being explicit on the intended meaning. Before others, and here it is said that this phrase is apparent in this meaning, so the text that indicates one meaning is described as an explicit text, as it is explicit in this meaning and has no other meaning.

The head of the Supreme Judicial Council added; “Each word has its basic meaning and contextual meaning. It is the context that determines the meaning of the sentence and has a great impact in determining the exact semantics of the word, and by means of it, the words of the language transcend their familiar semantic boundaries to produce new connotations, as it is sometimes difficult to determine the meaning of the word because the word does not carry in itself an absolute connotation. The context is what determines its true significance, and the semantic value of the word lies in its meaning, and the meaning is the relationship between the utterance and the signified, and accordingly, the change in meaning occurs whenever there is any change in the basic relationship.

He continued, “It can be said that each word has a lexical meaning that represents its true meaning and another meaning according to customary use. For example, the term (caretaker government) is currently circulating, while there is no literal text in the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq for the year 2005 with this name, but it is mentioned in Article (61). / eighth / d) of it (in the event of a vote of no confidence in the entire cabinet, the prime minister and ministers continue in their positions to manage daily affairs for a period not exceeding thirty days until the formation of the new cabinet) as well as stated in Article (64/second) of the constitution (The President of the Republic, upon dissolving the House of Representatives, calls for general elections in the country within a maximum period of sixty days from the date of the dissolution, and the Council of Ministers in this case is considered resigned, and continues to run daily affairs). 

He added that “in both articles, the intent of the phrase (the Council of Ministers) is to denote (the caretaker government) according to the contextual and customary meaning that reaches the mind of the reader. The same case applies to what is used in the term (emergency government) and here too there is no explicit text With this name, it is stated in Article (61 / ninth) of the Constitution (A- Approval of a declaration of war and a state of emergency by a two-thirds majority, based on a joint request from the President of the Republic and the Prime Minister. C- The Prime Minister is given the necessary powers that enable him to run the country’s affairs During the period of declaring war and a state of emergency, these powers shall be regulated by law, in a manner that does not conflict with the Constitution.)

Zaidan concluded that “from this text, the apparent meaning of the phrase (Prime Minister) contained in that article is the indication of the (emergency government) that exercises the necessary powers to manage the country’s affairs during the period of the declaration of war and the state of emergency, according to the contextual meaning of the sentence and the customary use of this phrase. “.