“Brookings” diagnoses the division and weakness of the popular crowd in 2022

Reports & AnalyticsThe popular crowd2022WeaknessesDecline of influence 2022-02-05 21:39A-AA+

Shafaq News/ The US “Brookings” website concluded on Saturday that the Popular Mobilization Forces in Iraq are facing a “regressive path” during 2022, noting that the emergence of new weaknesses may allow its opponents to restrict it and undermine its influence.

At the outset, the American website considered, in a report translated by Shafaq News Agency, that the popular crowd was untouchable and enjoyed unparalleled strength and broad local legitimacy, and now, although it still enjoys strength and continues to stand firm, it is suffering this year from a downward path and faces Growing challenges to its legitimacy and influence.

The report explained that these challenges stem from the widespread popular resentment towards the repression practiced by the Popular Mobilization, in addition to its internal weakness and divisions, and the exacerbated competition with the leader of the Sadrist movement Muqtada al-Sadr, adding that these “weaknesses” may allow opponents and technocrats within the state, and the Sadrists to work to undermine the strength of the Sadrist movement. crowd.

Popular crowd divisions

And after the report referred to the fatwa of the Shiite authority and the beginning of the emergence of the Popular Mobilization and the Sadrist “Peace Brigades” and the overlapping of their economic and political interests in the state and abroad and in various regions, it pointed out that unlike many militias around the world, the Popular Mobilization Forces were able to obtain An official position for itself within the Iraqi security forces as an auxiliary force recognized by the state and supported by an annual budget of more than two billion dollars.

He added, “The Popular Mobilization Forces did not view the state as an entity that could be overthrown, but rather as an important structure for its survival and rise.”

The report then dealt with the attacks of the Popular Mobilization on activists who demonstrated against corruption, calling for reform of the system of government, services and jobs, noting also that the assassination of the United States of the powerful and charismatic leader of the Popular Mobilization Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, and its Iranian supporter, General Qassem Soleimani, exacerbated the internal divisions in the Popular Mobilization And the crowd suffering from a leadership crisis.

In the light of this chaos, he added, militias affiliated with Hashd al-Ataba withdrew from the Popular Mobilization, a division that greatly undermined the religious legitimacy of the Popular Mobilization, which led to strengthening weaknesses in the leadership’s reputation of the pro-Iranian factions, adding them to “street thugs and Iranian agents.”

The crowd and the October elections

The report also dealt with the October 2021 elections, in which the performance of the Popular Mobilization was weak, and “the escalation that the Popular Mobilization resorted to later in the attempt to assassinate Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kazemi,” which sought, with the encouragement of the United States, to limit the influence of the Popular Mobilization and confront the attacks launched by the pro-Iranian factions on the country. Americans in Iraq.

He added that the withdrawal of the Atabat Mobilization greatly reduces the number of members of the Popular Mobilization Forces, which raises the possibility of reducing the Hashd’s demand for a large budget from the state, noting that the Atabat Mobilization represents, along with the Sadrists, another opponent that can compete for regional resources and influence.

The report stated that al-Sadr called for the dissolution of the Popular Mobilization and said that he would disband his Saraya al-Salam militias and close several offices.

In addition to all this, Washington’s announcement of the end of the combat mission of its forces in Iraq by the end of 2021, is also a deal negotiated between the Joe Biden administration and the Iraqi government, aimed at “undermining the efforts to legitimize the popular mobilization through propaganda against the United States and the occupation.”

The crowd is at stake

In view of all this, the report concluded by saying that there is “a lot at stake for the Popular Mobilization Forces,” explaining that their ability to extract resources from the state is linked to its political superiority, and this in turn is linked to Iran’s ability to influence the political environment of Iraq.

He added, “The ability of the Popular Mobilization Forces to justify their government support is declining, due to their poor electoral performance, the deterioration of their popular legitimacy, and the terrorist activity of ISIS at a relatively low level.”

However, the report noted that the PMF remains resilient, has “muscle in the street”, is willing to attack its opponents and is able to control or influence a range of economic sectors, in addition to promoting the practice of extortion against the local population.

In addition, the PMF is able to “take advantage of the fractured political environment and take advantage of the many political divisions”, in addition to its ability to confirm its alliance with former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, who won 33 seats.

The report ruled out that the divided Iraqi political class would move towards unity in order to work on marginalizing the Hashd, given that many in this political class maintain deep ties with the Mobilization Forces.

Nevertheless, the report concluded by saying that “it may be the first time in years that technocrats, moderate politicians, and civil society actors have been able to exploit the chaos within the PMF, Sadr’s determination against the PMF, and widespread hatred toward the PMF, to loosen the PMF’s control over the Hashd al-Shaabi. State and Society in Iraq.



Finance: The Economy Has Begun To Recover As A Result Of The Reform Steps In The White Paper

02/05/2022 157 

Earth News/ The Ministry of Finance announced today, Saturday, that the Iraqi economy has begun to recover as a result of the reform steps of the White Paper.
And the ministry said in a statement received by “Earth News”, “The Minister of Finance, Ali Abdul-Amir Allawi, participated in the activities of the Bahr Al-Uloom Forum for Dialogue, which aimed to activate dialogue between the Iraqi elites and fill part of the void that the arena suffers from in its various axes, and one of its requirements is openness to various segments.” Iraq is far from partisan, sectarian and nationalist trenches.”
And she added, “The forum granted Allawi the shield of creativity and excellence and a certificate of appreciation for the distinguished efforts he made during the short period that passed since his assumption of the ministerial position,” noting that “the main goal of such intellectual activities and meaningful dialogues is to produce a movement that helps create a moderate climate for the practice of work.” political and economic.”
And she indicated that “the forum witnessed the presentation of many of the pivotal axes that His Excellency the Minister touched on, the most important of which is the policy of changing the exchange rate that guarantees the revival of the Iraqi economy by supporting the productive sectors in the private sector and discussing opinions and ideas related to the current economic reality and ways to move from the current low level of productivity and income. To a high level of productivity and income, which is done by addressing the factors that led to low labor productivity in Iraq, which recorded in 2018 less than half of what it was in the seventies of the last century due to the dominance of the unproductive public sector, in addition to the decline in the tradable goods sector, and the effects The negative impact of the non-competitive exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar – especially against the exchange rates of the currencies of Iraq’s trading partners – on the agricultural and basic industries in Iraq over the past decades.
And she added, “Reports of the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and international organizations show that the Iraqi economy began to gradually recover with the beginning of 2021, as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund expected the growth of the Iraqi economy, as a result of the reform steps that the Iraqi government is working on, embodied in the White Paper and its contents.”

المالية: الاقتصاد بدأ بالتعافي نتيجة الخطوات الإصلاحية في الورقة البيضاء

A phone call between Barzani and al-Sadr: The coalition is cohesive and is moving forward with forming a government

politicsMasoud BarzanibreakingMuqtada al-Sadr 2022-02-05 11:51A-AA+

Shafaq News/ The Kurdish leader, Massoud Barzani, head of the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the leader of the Sadrist movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, affirmed on Saturday, the cohesion of the alliance between the two sides to form the next government.

This came in a phone call between the two sides, according to a statement by Barzani’s headquarters received by Shafaq News Agency.

The statement stated that al-Sadr had made a phone call with Barzani and stressed that “the strategic alliance is coherent and is proceeding to expedite the formation of the government of the national majority to carry out its duties towards the Iraqi people, meet their aspirations, preserve their higher interests, and consolidate the pillars of stability and prosperity.”

This call comes a few hours after the Sadrist bloc announced the suspension of its discussions to form the next government and the boycott of the parliament session dedicated to electing the president of the republic next Monday. 

It seems that the statement was referring to the unofficially announced “strategic alliance” between the Sadrist bloc, the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Sovereignty Alliance to form the next government.

Still, other Shiite forces affiliated with the coordination framework reject al-Sadr’s efforts to form a national majority government, and demand a consensual government in which everyone participates, similar to previous governments.

The Sadrist bloc topped the October 10 elections, with 73 seats, followed by the Progress Alliance with 37, the State of Law coalition with 33, and the Kurdistan Democratic Party with 31.


Iranian President Al-Kazemi: We condemn any action by any party aimed at destabilizing Iraq’s security and regional standing

  • Time: 02/05/2022 15:44:34
  • Reading: 247 times
Iranian President Al-Kazemi: We condemn any action by any party aimed at destabilizing Iraq's security and regional standing

{Political: Al Furat News} Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi discussed, today, Saturday, in a phone call with Iranian President Ibrahim Raisi, the bilateral relations between the two countries. 

A statement by the Prime Minister’s Office, a copy of which was received by Al-Furat News Agency, said that “the call witnessed an emphasis on expanding cooperation and coordination between the two countries in various fields, and at all levels.”

During the call, Al-Kazemi stressed that “the relations between Iraq and the Islamic Republic of Iran are distinguished,” noting that “Iraq aspires to expand these relations, pointing to the importance of regional initiatives aimed at converging views.”

For his part, the Iranian president praised “Iraq’s efforts to bring views closer and strengthen the region’s security and stability.”

Raisi reiterated to Al-Kazemi, “his condemnation of any action issued by any party with the aim of destabilizing Iraq and its security, and affecting its regional and international standing.”


What if the election of the President of the Republic is disrupted? Legal expert explains

  • Time: 02/05/2022 14:08:51
  • Reading: 1,755 times
What if the election of the President of the Republic is disrupted?  Legal expert explains

{Political: Al Furat News} A legal expert clarified that a new president is not elected in the event that the parliament session is not held next Monday dedicated to electing the country’s president.

Ali Al-Tamimi told {Euphrates News}: “If the quorum is not completed, the session will be postponed and the current President of the Republic will continue his work as a caretaker in accordance with Articles 72 Second of the Constitution, and this is a violation of the constitutional terms, and the Presidency of the Republic cannot be transferred to the Speaker of the House of Representatives for the following reasons. 1 – 
No new president has been elected so far. Therefore, the constitutional text contained in Article 72 of the Constitution, which requires the President of the Republic to continue his work as a caretaker until the election of the new President of the Republic, restricts Article 75 of the Constitution related to the vacancy of the position and the Speaker taking over in his stead, as Article 75 first required the presence of the Vice President of the Republic as a substitute for him.
2- The Speaker of the House of Representatives {Mohammed Al-Halbousi} was elected in the current parliamentary session, and the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, was elected in the previous session, so there is no interconnectedness of a ruler of the constitution to replace him because Salih is a caretaker who has nothing to do with the current parliament or its oversight over it 
. The election of the new President of the Republic has nothing to do with the vacancy of the position that is due to illness, death or the rule, and Article 75 of the Constitution requires the election of a new president in the event that the Speaker of the House of Representatives assumes the position within 30 days. 
It is noteworthy that it is unlikely that the parliament session scheduled for tomorrow, Monday, will be held to elect a President of the Republic, after the Sadrist bloc’s decision not to attend and suspend its negotiations to form a government.
A heated rivalry is taking place between the current president, Barham Salih, who is seeking a second term as a candidate for the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, and the former foreign minister, Hoshyar Zebari, a leader in the Kurdistan Democratic Party.

Raghad Daham


A new tweet by the head of the Sadrist bloc.. Get to know it



Baghdad / Al-Mawrid News

Today, Saturday, the head of the Sadrist Parliamentary Bloc, Hassan Al-Adhari, affirmed that a national government has a reform majority .

Al-Adari reiterated, in a tweet on Twitter, which was followed by “Al-Mawred News”, that “a reformist majority national government .”

The Sadrist bloc announced today, Saturday, a boycott of next Monday’s session devoted to electing the President of the Republic .

The head of the Sadrist bloc in the House of Representatives, Representative Hassan al-Adari, said in a press conference that “by order of the leader of the Sadrist movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, it was decided to boycott next Monday’s session devoted to electing the president of the republic, with the exception of the first deputy speaker of parliament .”

Al-Adhari indicated that “it was also decided to freeze negotiations with the political blocs on forming a government


An increase in Iraq’s oil exports to America

  • Time: 02/05/2022 09:02:21
  • Reading: 455 times
An increase in Iraq's oil exports to America

{Economic: Al Furat News} The US Energy Information Administration announced, today, Saturday, that Iraq’s oil exports increased during the past week, reaching 412 thousand barrels per day, on average. 

The administration said in a report, “The average US imports of crude oil during the past week from nine countries amounted to 5.987 million barrels per day, an increase of 921,000 barrels per day compared to the previous week, which amounted to 5.066 million barrels per day.”

And she added, “America imported crude oil from Iraq at a rate of 412 thousand barrels per day during the past week, up from the previous week, in which the average exports amounted to 133 thousand barrels per day.”

She noted that “most of America’s oil revenues during the past week came from Canada, at a rate of 3.953 million barrels per day, followed by Saudi Arabia at a rate of 613,000 barrels per day, followed by Mexico at a rate of 383,000 barrels per day, then Colombia at a rate of 286,000 barrels per day, and then Ecuador at a rate of 236 thousand. barrels per day.

According to the administration, “the amount of US imports of crude oil from Trinidad and Tobago amounted to an average of 75,000 barrels per day, followed by Nigeria at a rate of 20,000 barrels per day, and then Nigeria came at a rate of 9 thousand barrels per day, while America did not import any quantity from Brazil.”

According to the administration, “America did not import oil from Russia, Ecuador and Trinidad and Tobago.”


Al-Sadr suspends negotiations with political parties and directs his bloc’s representatives not to attend the presidential election session

politicsbreakingthe chestGuidanceattend a session 2022-02-05 06:13A-AA+

Shafaq News/ On Saturday, the leader of the Sadrist movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, suspended negotiations with the political blocs.

The head of the Sadrist Parliamentary Bloc, Hassan Al-Adhari, said during a press conference inside the parliament building, which was attended by Shafak News Agency; It was “by order of His Eminence Al-Sadr, it was decided to freeze negotiations with the political blocs regarding the formation of the next government until further notice.”

Azari added; “Members of the Sadrist bloc should not attend the parliament session to choose the president of the republic, with the exception of the first deputy speaker of parliament, Hakim al-Zamili.”