Shafaq News/ Legal expert Tariq Harb said on Saturday that the Iraqi constitution specified one enemy, which is “terrorism”, indicating that he did not mention the name “Israel”.
Harb said in a clarification statement regarding the Iraqi legal and constitutional articles related to normalization with Israel, which was reported to Shafak News Agency, that “the constitution in Article VII specified one enemy for Iraq, which is terrorism in relation to international relations when it decided to fight terrorism only.”
Internally, Harb made it clear that “the constitution has prohibited the political entity, i.e. the party that adopts racism, terrorism, infidels, sectarian cleansing, or the party that has a relationship with the (Saddam) Baath only and did not speak about a state,” noting that the Iraqi constitution “did not mention the name of the state.” There is another country except for one country, which is Iraq. He did not mention the name of Israel or the name of any other country.”
And he added, “Article (8) of the constitution requires respect for international obligations, including the countries represented in the United Nations,” noting that “it must be taken into account that Iraq is a member of the Arab League, and that five Arab countries have normalized their relations with Israel without objection from the Arab League.
Harb pointed out that “Article (18) of the constitution gives the right of those who have been stripped of their citizenship to request its restoration, and this includes Iraqi Jews whose citizenship was revoked under Law No. 1 of 1950 and Law No. 12 of 1951.”
He pointed out that “Nationality Law No. 26 of 2006 in Article (14) prevented the children of Iraqi Jews from benefiting from the previous ruling, i.e., the ruling to restore citizenship, and this ruling has talk about its constitutionality or its unconstitutionality.”
And he indicated that “crimes affecting the internal security of the state in the Penal Code No. 111 of 1969 stipulated the character of the enemy sometimes and the state of war at other times, and we said that the constitution specified one enemy, which is terrorism only, and there is no state of war with any other country in accordance with the provisions of Article (61 / ninth) of the constitution. who set conditions for declaring war and did not declare war with any country according to the provisions of this constitution.
Legal expert Tariq Harb’s clarification follows a call by about 300 Iraqi “Sunni and Shiite” figures, on Friday, September 24, for Iraq to become the latest Muslim-majority country to join the Ibrahim Agreements and establish diplomatic relations with Israel.
According to a statement issued by the conference held in Erbil, it includes more than 300 Iraqis from Baghdad, Mosul, Anbar, Babil, Salah al-Din and Diyala.
This morning, the Iraqi government expressed its “categorical” rejection of the “illegal” meetings held by some tribal figures residing in the city of Erbil in the Kurdistan Region, by raising the slogan of normalization with Israel.
The Presidency of the Republic of Iraq also warned against attempts to inflame the general situation and threaten civil peace in the country, confirming its position rejecting normalization with Israel.
While the Ministry of Interior of the Kurdistan Regional Government said that the meeting, which was held yesterday in Erbil under the title (Peace and Recovery), was held without the knowledge, approval and participation of the regional government, and it does not express in any way the position of the Kurdistan Regional Government.
She added that the necessary measures will be taken to follow up on how this meeting will be held.
In turn, Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid welcomed the Iraqi gathering’s call for normalization with his country, describing the event as “a hopeful event.”
Yedioth Ahronoth newspaper quoted the minister as saying that the event “reveals hope in places we hadn’t thought of before.”
“We and Iraq share a common history and roots in the Jewish community, and whenever someone contacts us, we will do everything to connect with them,” he added.