The complexities of the Iraqi-American strategic dialogue

July 9, 2021 00:17 am

Muhammad Al-Saeed Idris

Muhammad Al-Saeed Idris 3 minutes readingListenParticipate    

Dr.. Muhammad Al-Saeed Idris

Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi is scheduled to visit Washington at the end of July to meet for the first time with US President Joe Biden, as part of a new round of strategic dialogue between Iraq and the United States, the fourth of its kind, to discuss the file of the relationship between the two countries, including the withdrawal schedule. The US and the strategic and economic cooperation between the two countries.
This round of dialogue between the two countries comes in more complicated circumstances than those of the previous three rounds that took place in June and August 2020 and on April 7, 2021, whether at the level of the relationship between the two countries, or at the level of regional conditions in Iraq. Or on the internal Iraqi level, which is about to hold very complex general elections as well, especially for Al-Kazemi, who has not yet announced his candidacy, and this is something that it is difficult to imagine that the US administration does not take into account, and it will inevitably have negative effects on the bets The future Washington on the person of Al-Kazemi is among the expected outcomes of the dialogue.
Al-Kazemi’s visit a few days ago to the Vatican and his meeting with His Holiness the Pope, then to Brussels and his statements during them, are important indicators of his expected dialogue in Washington. The speech he delivered in Brussels during his meeting with the permanent representatives of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), reflected his concerns about the difficult complexities of the files he is facing, especially his awareness of Iraq’s serious need for military, armament and training assistance from the coalition forces operating in Iraq, and his awareness, on the other hand, of the weight of popular demands. the necessity of ending the presence of foreign forces and not merely scheduling their withdrawal; Therefore, in his speech, he focused on two issues: the first, he said: “The progress we have made on the security front prompts us, through the strategic dialogue that we started in 2020 with the coalition, to find time and technical mechanisms for withdrawing the combat forces of the coalition and continuing cooperation in all fields, especially armament and rehabilitation. Training and intelligence support. 
The second issue is to show the seriousness of Iraqi boredom. As it has become an arena of conflict and settling US-Iranian scores, and its demand for the necessity of liberating Iraq from this equation that obstructs its security and stability.
Al-Kazemi was very frank in expressing this so that his messages reached Washington less than three weeks before his visit; Therefore, he called in his speech, to spare Iraq “to be an arena for regional conflicts on the one hand, and international conflicts on the other, and that the security of Iraq is affected by the security of the region, and that the security of the region can only be achieved by adhering to international resolutions that call on all parties to the traditional conflict to abide by international legitimacy.” . Al-Kadhimi concluded his speech by categorically refusing to “use its lands to attack its neighbors.”
Al-Kazemi’s message was directed to Washington very frankly, especially since it came days after the raids carried out by American planes against groups of the Iraqi Popular Mobilization on Sunday 27/6 2021 on the Iraqi-Syrian border, raids that the US administration deliberately confirmed its goals in a letter to the Security Council that followed. Linda Thomas Granfield, head of the US delegation to the United Nations, said Tuesday evening, June 29, 2021, that her country had launched air strikes on Iranian-backed armed factions in Syria and Iraq to prevent militants from carrying out or supporting further attacks on US forces or facilities.
The blunt American frankness put Al-Kazemi in great embarrassment with Iran, and with the Popular Mobilization Forces. Even if he wanted his messages to reach Tehran, like Washington, regarding the need to spare his country from being an arena for settling American-Iranian accounts, the American clarifications regarding the recent strikes could exacerbate the aggravation of the relationship with Tehran, and with the Popular Mobilization Forces, especially since Al-Kazemi had presided over the parade. The huge military force of the Popular Mobilization that took place in Diyala Governorate, specifically in Camp Ashraf, which was previously an American base near the border with Iran, to celebrate the seventh anniversary of the Popular Mobilization’s founding, in an attempt to win over it and confirm that he (Al-Kazemi) is the leader of the crowd, considering the crowd is a component of the armed forces headed by Iraq.
Al-Kazemi’s internal complications that may impede reaching satisfactory results in the expected strategic dialogue with the Americans are accumulating due to the approaching date of holding the general elections, and the intensification of internal tension in the ranks of the Popular Mobilization to settle scores with the Americans and respond to their recent military operations, in addition to the pressures of the power outage crisis that led Al-Kazemi agreed to accept the resignation of the Minister of Electricity, and his own leadership of this ministry and its management of the crisis, while he is in Brussels.
Many complications are well watched by Washington and Al-Kazemi bears their weights, and they will inevitably have their effects on the outcomes of the upcoming strategic dialogue in Washington.

mohamed.alsaid.idries@gmail.comprint the article

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Al-Ghazi: Government facilities to receive loans from banks

political| 10:12 – 07/08/2021

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Baghdad – Mawazine News

Today, Thursday, the Secretary-General of the Council of Ministers, Hamid Al-Ghazi, announced that the government is determined to distribute plots of land to citizens at specific times, while the Minister of Reconstruction, Nazanin Muhammad Wusu, confirmed that 600,000 plots of land will be distributed to citizens within a week.
The General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers said in a statement that Mawazine News received a copy of it, that “the Secretary-General of the Council of Ministers, Hamid Naim Al-Ghazi, received today, the Minister of Construction, Housing, Municipalities and Public Works, Nazanin Muhammad Wassou,” noting that “the ministry’s efforts were discussed in preparing The plots of land that are scheduled to be distributed to citizens during the coming period, based on what was stated in the directives of Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi.
Al-Ghazi stressed that “the government – and among its current priorities – is determined to distribute plots of land to citizens, employees, and families of martyrs, and at the times set by the Prime Minister, according to simplified mechanisms to help solve the housing crisis in the country,” noting that “the government will facilitate the citizens’ procedures. Receiving loans from government banks for the purpose of building them.
For her part, the Minister of Construction and Housing confirmed that “her ministry is working to prepare these lands as quickly as possible, in coordination with the municipal departments in the governorates,” noting that “the ministry will announce, within a week from now, the distribution of 500,000 to 600,000 plots of land to citizens via an available website. for all, for the purpose of registration.
She pointed out that “the 2021 budget includes allocations to governors that will enable them to convert these lands into serviced lands that enable the beneficiaries to build and live in.” Ended 29/A87

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President of the Supreme Judicial Council: Issuance of arrest warrants against the killers of Hisham Al-Hashemi and the demonstrators

Thursday, July 8, 2021 | 01:54 PM| Number of readings: 98

On Thursday, the head of the Supreme Judicial Council, Faiq Zaidan, announced the issuance of arrest warrants for the killers of Hisham Al-Hashemi and the demonstrators .Zaidan told the Iraqi News Agency, “The judiciary has issued arrest warrants against those accused of killing Hisham Al-Hashemi,” noting that “some cases of the killers of demonstrators have been completed, including the issuance of death sentences against officers .”He added that “the judiciary did not succumb to any pressure in the case of Qassem Mosleh.”

Al-Halbousi receives American Matthew Tueller

political| 09:12 – 07/08/2021

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Baghdad – Mawazine News

Today, Thursday, Parliament Speaker Muhammad Al-Halbousi and US Ambassador to Iraq Matthew Tueller stressed the importance of continuing the strategic dialogue between the two countries.
The media office of the Speaker of the House of Representatives said in a statement received by Mawazine News, a copy of it, that “the Speaker of Parliament, Muhammad al-Halbousi, received the American ambassador to Iraq, Matthew Tueller,” noting that “during the meeting, bilateral relations were discussed and the continued strengthening of security and economic cooperation between the two countries. The two countries work together to confront the challenges of terrorism.
He added, “The meeting discussed stressing the importance of continuing the strategic dialogue between the two countries, leading to a strategic partnership in various fields that serves common interests, and contributes to supporting Iraq to achieve development and stability,” noting that “the meeting discussed developments in the regional and international situations, and a number of issues of concern.” Subscriber. Ended 29/A87

https://www.mawazin.net/Details.aspx?jimare=159879

Hezbollah Brigades announces: targeting diplomatic missions is unacceptable

political| 06:27 – 07/08/2021

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Baghdad – Mawazine News 
, the official of the security office of the Hezbollah Brigades, Abu Ali Al-Askari, confirmed on Thursday that targeting diplomatic missions is rejected by the resistance. 
In a post on social media, followed by Mawazine News, Al-Askari stated that resistance in all its forms is a natural right of the Iraqi people, and that the criminal traitor is the one who defends the occupation forces and the killers of his people. 
He added, “We call on the brothers in the Iraqi resistance to preserve the rules of engagement and not to burn the stages of the battle.” 
He concluded, “The enemy must understand the message, as the response to the response will be harsh.” Ended 29/R77

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Moody’s International expects a sharp upward reversal in the financial sector in Iraq – urgent

32 translated reports تقارير 2021/07/08 13:45
Baghdad today – Translator
Today, Thursday, Moody’s International Agency expected a sharp upward reversal in the Iraqi financial sector during the current year 2021.
Moody’s Investors Service confirmed Iraq’s rating with a grade of ( Caa1 ), any country that has good bonds of stability, but involves credit risks for non-payment), and maintained its stable future outlook for the country .
The agency said, in a statement published by “the international” and translated (Baghdad today): “The confirmation of the rating reflects the credit challenges posed by Iraq’s economic and financial dependence, which is heavily dependent on oil, the restriction of the government’s ability to respond to external and domestic shocks, and the low competitiveness of the Iraqi economy.” .
Iraq, the second largest producer in OPEC, relies heavily on oil to cover 90 percent of its spending .
Moody’s predicted: “a sharp upward reversal in financial sector metrics in 2021” with higher oil prices, but “progress in economic diversification remains slow and hampered by the weak business environment and investment climate in Iraq.”
And maintained the rating agency, its stable view of the country, as the Iraqi government continues discussions with the International Monetary Fund to obtain financial support .
“Ongoing discussions with the IMF suggest the possibility of a supported adjustment program that would serve as a pillar of policy and the financial sector, but the country’s poor track record regarding its past commitments to the IMF limits a potential credit rally,” the agency added.
She pointed out that “the government’s plans to double the production capacity of oil will support economic growth and strengthen Iraq’s financial and external situation.”
And she continued, “However, Iraq’s plans are constrained by the uncertain outlook for global oil demand and the ongoing challenges to the government and political stability in Iraq that discourage investment in the oil and gas sector. “
Moody’s noted, “rising risks to political stability and a deeply fragmented political landscape will continue to impede progress on institutional and economic reforms.”

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