Muayad Abdul Sattar
There is no doubt that the suffering of the Iranian people and the curtailment of the Iranian export and import process affect Iraq directly because of the complex economic relations between the two neighboring countries.
What is even worse is to reduce the benefits that can be gained from importing electricity from Iran and benefit from religious tourism and the million-dollar visits that pour millions of dollars into Iraq and contribute to providing job opportunities for thousands of unemployed people who have the possibility to do business related to tourism, such as hotels, restaurants, cafes, and so on.
Import and export between Iraq and Iran
Iraq depends in its food basket on imports from neighboring countries because of the collapse of the agricultural structure inherited from the era of the tyrant Saddam and his wars that brought green and everything, and the migration of peasants to their agricultural lands and moving to cities to live on the margins of life and dependence on what the government provides in terms of gifts – salaries, retirement, Allocations … etc – and in the best case service in the army, police and security after their salaries became remunerative after the fall of the tyrant and the country was freed from the grip of the hateful police rule.
Iran has enormous potential to supply the Iraqi market with agricultural and food products. Therefore, Iran is the inexpensive food basket from which Iraq imports many of its needs, along with Turkey, Jordan and Syria.
The industries that were in the beginning of their spread, consisting of simple factories, and workshops for construction industries, roads, bridges, iron structures and other primary industries trying to establish their feet in the world of national industry in Iraq have receded, but they were destroyed during the years of siege and war in particular during the last ten years of the regime of dictator Saddam. Iraq became without industry or agriculture, so it resorted to importing, importing building materials and industrial products in all fields from the plastic industry to iron and aluminum, medicine, construction materials … etc. Iran also leaps to the fore in being the most fortunate market in supplying Iraq with what it needs near Production sources, ease of transportation between the two countries and the length of the common border between Iraq and Iran
Political situation and terrorism
The countries of the Middle East are distinguished by their vital corridors linking the continents of Asia and Europe. The passages of the Strait of Hormuz, Bab al-Mandab and the Suez Canal control the vital artery for transport and export of goods and the route of oil tankers.
Iraq overlooks a common gap with Iran on the Gulf, which is the most dangerous corridor in the region through which thousands of tankers carry oil and various goods every year to Europe and the countries of the world.
In order for Iraq to secure the path of its oil trade and export, and to import what it needs from goods, it must work jointly, on the security level and politically, with Iran and the other Gulf states, with great concern for the security of the region, and serious and fruitful cooperation with Iran.
Also, the continuing terrorist attacks on the western and northern regions of Iraq and the occupation by ISIS of several Iraqi cities a few years ago still pose a serious threat to the security of Iraq. That the attacks subside, under the strikes of the military forces, until they explode in another region, re-occupying the cities of Iraq and threatening its fragile entity.
Therefore, Iraq needs great cooperation with Iran to maintain its security and territorial integrity.
Ending the American boycott of Iran and returning to the nuclear agreement that Iran and America signed in the well-known agreement (5 + 1 countries) restore the state of peace to the region and Iraq will benefit greatly from it, so Iraq must support and encourage a return to the agreement as soon as possible in order to ensure that it has a place under the sun.