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Political circles in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, and the Kurdistan region of Iraq are awaiting the results of the second round of “strategic dialogue” negotiations between Iraq and the United States of America, scheduled to begin on August 20, during a visit scheduled by Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazimi to Washington to meet US President Donald Trump there.
And according to what the White House recently announced, the talks between the two parties will include “facing the challenges posed by the emerging corona virus, in addition to issues related to security, energy, and economic developments.”
While Al-Kazemi’s office stated that the visit will include “discussing the files of bilateral relations between Iraq and the United States of America, issues of common interest, joint cooperation in the fields of security, energy, health, economy and investment, and ways to enhance them, in addition to the file to address the Corona pandemic, and bilateral cooperation to serve common interests. For the two countries, ”according to a government statement.
And Shiite politicians, most of whom belong to the “Al-Fateh” coalition led by Hadi Al-Amiri, put the issue of removing American forces from Iraqi lands, in accordance with the decision of the Iraqi parliament (on January 5), as a top priority for the visit.
A member of the Security and Defense Committee in the House of Representatives, a representative of the State of Law coalition, Kata Al-Rikabi, said, in a statement to the official agency, that “the prime minister will discuss during his visit to the United States the strategic framework agreement and the presence of foreign forces.”
He added, “The prime minister will also discuss the economic crisis that Iraq is going through, as well as the health crisis in relation to the Corona epidemic, in addition to joint cooperation between the two countries at multiple levels.” While a member of the Parliamentary Foreign Relations Committee, a representative of the “Sairoun” coalition, Rami Al-Skiny, Al-Kazemi’s visit to Washington “will achieve a kind of international balance.”
The deputy of the coalition, led by Muqtada al-Sadr, added that “Al-Kazemi’s visit to Washington is one of the important visits on the international side to achieve a kind of balance in performance, and to support and strengthen the Iraqi interest.”
He added, “The visit will address many of the economic and political axes and the security dimensions that can be achieved on the Iraqi arena.”
He pointed out that “there is a performance that must be different for the prime minister, and this can only be achieved with a balance in the performance of the Iraqi government, and the lack of tendency for an axis without another,” pointing out that “there are international axes that are reflected in the Iraqi arena, so it is necessary to have a balance and calm in The square, internally and externally, ”.
Most of the Shiite political leaders, especially those with a military wing or an armed faction, share the opinion about the proximity of the Iraqi Prime Minister, Mustafa Al-Kazemi, to the American axis, and the danger of this to neighboring Iran, which is their most prominent supporter.
The “Sayyid of the Martyrs” Brigades, one of the armed factions close to Tehran, considered that Al-Kazemi’s upcoming visit to Washington would be pouring into the “Dissolution of the Popular Mobilization” channel and fighting the “Islamic Resistance” factions.
The spokesman for the Kataeb Brigades, Kazem Al-Fartousi, told local media yesterday, Sunday, “The goal of the visit of the Iraqi Prime Minister, Mustafa Al-Kazemi, to the United States of America, is to give guarantees that the PMF will be dissolved. Iraqi – Iranian relations.
And he believed that “Mustafa Al-Kazemi pledged allegiance to the United States of America, before he obtained the position of prime minister, and now he has started carrying out some actions in accordance with American interests, and will also work to fight the resistance factions.” In reality”.
In spite of this, but the leader of the “Al-Fateh” coalition, Ghazanfar Al-Battikh, indicated that the pressure on the removal of US forces from Iraq had “receded”.
He added, “The Islamic Republic of Iran is the most concerned about the American presence in Iraq and the region,” noting that “this presence constitutes a threat and danger, and may be a starting point for launching operations and strikes against Tehran,” according to “Shafaq News”.
He indicated that “the pressure regarding the removal of US forces from Iraq has eased at the present time,” noting that “there are personalities and political parties, who speak in another way at night and in the day.”
He added that “there are pressures from various parties to relieve pressure on the exit of American forces from Iraq, and these pressures from all sides, and it is not unlikely that there will be Iranian pressure on a group of factions to reduce pressure in this file at the present time, for the purpose of calming down with the United States of America.” .
In contrast to the Shiite position, the Sunnis and the Kurds agree on the importance of continuing the relationship between Baghdad and Washington in all files, relying on American support and adopting a balanced policy in relations with everyone.
Member of Parliament, Zafer Al-Ani, saw that Iraq needs tangible American and international support in several areas, “Otherwise, the situation of Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi is difficult.”
And he added in a statement yesterday, that “the visit is undoubtedly important for both countries, but as the White House statement described it, it comes at a (critical time), and the criticality of time does not stem from the fact that the two presidents are preparing to run for the elections, but because it will test the extent to which the two sides are serious about a long strategic relationship. Long-term or breaking the bonds of this fragile alliance ”. He added, “The topics of the visit are important to us as Iraqis, as it will discuss security, economy, energy and health files,” noting that “Iraq needs tangible American support in these areas that have become worrisome, and without this support, whether direct or by encouraging other countries to provide it, the situation will be Al-Kazemi made difficult and his chances of achieving his reform program are slim.
Likewise, the head of the “Kurdistan Democratic Party” bloc, MP Vian Sabri, confirmed that Al-Kazemi’s visit “is necessary in expanding cooperation relations between the two countries,” while noting that it signals an improvement in relations between the two countries.
Sabri told the official agency, “This visit is an indication of an improvement in relations between Iraq and the United States, especially since Al-Kazemi emphasized in his government program the importance of foreign relations with the countries of the world,” noting that “relations are based on sovereignty, balance and cooperation.” She added that “the visit is necessary to discuss bilateral files, to enhance coordination and security cooperation in the face of terrorism, and to health cooperation in the face of Corona, in addition to economic cooperation in the fields of investment and energy.”