Washington is looking for a dialogue with Iraq to establish a full strategic framework for relations

Baghdad hopes to expand the role of NATO as an alternative to the US-led coalition

Arab world

The United States’ Special Envoy for Syria, James Jeffrey (dpa)

London: «Middle East»

The United States hopes to discuss the full strategic framework for its relationship with Iraq soon, while ambiguity still surrounds the fate of the military mission there after a strike by a drone plane killed Qassem Soleimani, commander of the Quds Force, the external arm, said James Jeffrey, the US special envoy to Syria. Iranian Revolutionary Guards.

The Iraqi parliament voted in favor of a request to withdraw the 5,000-strong American forces after the January 3 strike on a US march plane in Baghdad that killed Soleimani and an Iraqi leader from a powerful pro-Iranian armed faction. Washington suspended some of the activities of its military forces in Iraq, which were called there again in 2014 as part of a mission to combat the terrorist “ISIS” organization in Iraq and Syria, and three years after its withdrawal.

“We are looking forward to sitting down and having extensive discussions with the government on the full strategic framework for relations in the near future,” Jeffrey told Reuters. He stated that the US-led coalition operations are still stalled in Iraq at a time when the focus is on protecting the forces and holding talks with the Baghdad government on the way forward.

Jeffrey said the United States supports the possibility of NATO playing a role in Iraq and Syria in the future. When asked about the timeframe of the talks with the Iraqi government, he added, “Nobody is rushing anything … We are very interested in the NATO process through which he will see what additional role he can play.” He added that the last week had not witnessed a rise in ISIS activities in Iraq or Syria, but the activities are still at a worrying level.

For its part, Iraq is considering the possibility of giving the North Atlantic Treaty a bigger role at the expense of the international coalition led by the United States, according to what Iraqi and Western officials confirm to the French press.

Iraqi and Western officials have begun discussions about changes in the coalition’s role, fearing to destabilize the event of a rapid withdrawal, according to local officials and diplomats. “We are engaging with coalition member countries, France, the United Kingdom, and Canada, on a range of scenarios,” said Major General Abdel Karim Khalaf, the military spokesman for the prime minister. “The main thing is the absence of combat forces and the non-use of our airspace,” Khalaf told AFP. Two Western officials said Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi asked them to “formulate some options.” These options were presented directly to the Prime Minister.

The options included the formation of a coalition not led by the United States, a revised mandate setting out coalition activities, or an expanded role for separate NATO missions in Iraq. The Canadian-led NATO mission was formed in 2018 and includes about 500 soldiers training Iraqi forces. But even this force has suspended its missions since the US strike. But the international coalition formed in 2014 has about 8,000 soldiers in Iraq, the majority of whom are Americans. Khalaf reminded that heading to a greater role for NATO was one of the many options being discussed.

A Western official said that the “NATO option” had obtained initial approval from the prime minister, the army, and even factions hostile to the United States. “I expect that things will end with a kind of settlement, with a smaller address with a different title,” the official said. He added, “The Americans will continue to be able to fight (ISIS), and Iraqis can claim the expulsion of (the United States).” It is expected that the different options will be presented during Wednesday (yesterday) meeting between Iraq and NATO in Amman, and again next month with NATO defense ministers. But the Western official pointed out that “there are estimates from the Europeans that the United States should agree to what will happen next.”

Abdel-Mahdi called, after the parliament’s vote, the United States to send a delegation to Baghdad to discuss the withdrawal, which was rejected by the American State Department. US President Donald Trump has said he wants NATO to play a greater role in the region.

His special envoy to the coalition, James Jeffrey, hinted, last week, that there was a shift, although he said the talks were at “a very early stage.” “Therefore, there may be a shift, at some point, by default, between the number of forces listed under NATO and the number of forces in the framework of the international coalition,” he told reporters on January 23.

NATO, which renews its mandate annually in Iraq, insisted that its role include training only. A NATO official said there was “no discussion” of a combat role. “There have been discussions between the allies and many contacts between NATO and the Iraqi government during the past two weeks,” the official told Agence France-Presse. Since the announcement of Iraq “victory” on the “ISIS” organization, the coalition has focused, at the end of 2017, on air strikes against sleeper cells and the remaining remnants of the organization. Early last year, the coalition prepared plans to withdraw troops from Iraq, according to two US military officials. They pointed out that a simple presence would definitely be able to continue to put pressure on ISIS.

One official said there was pressure to “accelerate that plan”, in the wake of escalating tensions between Iran and the United States. American interests in Iraq have been subjected to more than 20 missile attacks since October (October), which killed an American contractor and an Iraqi soldier. Although the attacks were not adopted by any party, Washington holds the pro-Iranian factions responsible. The International Alliance and NATO earlier this month halted operations and withdrew hundreds of individuals from bases in Iraq. In turn, the Iraqi forces filled the vacuum left by the withdrawal of those forces, and assumed control and air strikes after years of the coalition taking the initiative. “This is an actual reduction,” said the senior US official. As an experimental stage, ”he added, adding,“ This is what we are ultimately seeking. “We are looking at what it would be like if we were not here.”

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Broad agreement on a candidate for prime minister of Iraq .. And Maliki objects

January 29, 2020

The Iraqi Parliament

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Sources for Al-Hurra reported that Iraqi party leaders and parliamentarians agreed on Wednesday to nominate former Minister of Communications Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi for the post of prime minister.

Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi

The sources indicated the approval of the leader of the “Saeron” coalition, Muqtada Al-Sadr, the leader of the Al-Fath coalition, Hadi al-Amiri, former Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, and the head of the al-Hikma Movement, Ammar al-Hakim, to nominate Allawi to succeed Adel Abdul-Mahdi.

The sources revealed that Allawi’s selection to head the government has been met by a reservation by former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and head of the State of Law coalition.

The sources indicated that if the discussions took place in a positive manner, it is possible to announce the name of the candidate officially before the deadline set by the President of the Republic expires on Friday evening.

The President of the Republic, Barham Salih, had given three days to the political blocs to nominate a new prime minister to succeed Adel Abdul Mahdi, who resigned last month.

“If the concerned blocs fail to resolve the nomination order no later than the first Saturday of February, I see an obligation to exercise my constitutional powers by assigning those whom I find most acceptable to parliament and people,” Saleh said in a letter to the parliamentary blocs Wednesday.

The Iraqi president’s move comes after the failure of the main Shiite blocs in the Iraqi parliament to agree on a candidate who has been accepted by the rising street since October 1 to demand early elections and the enactment of a new electoral law, the naming of a prime minister, and accountability for those responsible for the bloodshed of demonstrators and the trial of corrupt people.

Abdel-Mahdi submitted his resignation last December, after two months of anti-government protests that witnessed bloody violence that killed more than 500 people and wounded about 25 thousand wounded.

In the natural case, the Iraqi constitution stipulates that the largest parliamentary bloc be nominated as a candidate for prime minister, within 15 days of the legislative elections, and then the president of the republic is tasked with the prime minister to form his government within one month.

The Supreme Shiite cleric, Ayatollah Ali Al-Sistani, had called on the 20th of December for the formation of a new “non-controversial” government capable of holding early elections “away from the power of arms and external interference.”

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Al-Fateh and the Sadrist movement inform the President of the Republic of the candidate for prime minister, Muhammad Allawi, for the purpose of commissioning

Baghdad / Obelisk: Informed sources said on Wednesday, January 29, 2020 that the candidate of Al-Fateh and the Sadrist movement is Iraqi politician Mohammed Allawi.

The sources stated that the nomination came based on street data and parliamentary blocs, as Allawi has the largest share of popular and elitist acceptance of the leadership of Iraq in a transitional phase.

According to the information, the nomination process has reached the stage of informing the President of the Republic of the candidate for prime minister, Muhammad Allawi. 

The new development comes after an informed source revealed, on Wednesday, January 29, 2020, that the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, had given political blocs until Saturday evening about the prime minister’s candidate.

 Obelisk

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Al-Sadr withdraws support from Al-Kazemi and agrees with Al-Fateh to nominate “Tawfiq Allawi” to head the government

29-01-2020 07:49 PM

Baghdad – news

A political source said today, Wednesday, that the Sadrist leader, Muqtada Al-Sadr, has withdrawn support for Mustafa Al-Kazemi, the candidate for prime minister, while he affirmed that Al-Sadr agreed with Al-Fatah to nominate Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi to head the government.

The source told “Al-Ikhbaria,” that “the leader of the Sadrist movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, has withdrawn the support of the candidate for prime minister, Mustafa al-Kazimi.”

He added, “Al-Sadr agreed with Al-Fateh to choose Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi, to head the government,” noting that “he will be nominated in the coming hours.”

 https://www.ikhnews.com/index.php?page=article&id=208116

The developments of the candidate for prime minister .. Allawi’s return to the interface and a rapid movement tonight

Time: 1/29/2020 8:23 PM

(Baghdad: Al Furat News) The chances of the prime minister candidate, Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi, came back again after they were hampered last week when he approached the assignment.

A political source familiar with the Al-Furat News Agency mentioned a copy of it, “There is a consensus that occurred between the Al-Fatah coalitions and others that occurred during the past few hours to present the name of the candidate (Mohammed Tawfiq Allawi) to the President of the Republic in order to assign him to form a new government.”

He added, “The Alliance of Saireon started the political movement tonight on the rest of the poles of the political process, especially the Shiites, to discuss re-nomination of Allawi again.”

He continued, “It is expected that the name Allawi will be formally sent later in the night to the President of the Republic to be assigned within the next two days.”

Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi was strongly named as a candidate for the presidency of the transitional government next week, but he was excluded hours before his official assignment, the President of the Republic Barham Salih travel to Switzerland and his participation in the Davos conference.

Allawi said yesterday in a tweet on his account on Twitter that he would not take over as prime minister “unless he has a primary role in saving the country from destruction and collapse.”

And the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, called in a message today to the political blocs to resume constructive and serious political dialogue in order to agree on a new candidate for the presidency of the Council of Ministers that enjoys popular approval and submit it to the Presidency of the Republic in order to issue the order of assignment.

“If the concerned blocs are not able to resolve the nomination order no later than Saturday, February 1, 2019, I see an obligation to exercise my constitutional powers by assigning those whom I find most acceptable to parliament and people, and within the framework of the outcomes of the consultations that I conducted during the last period with political forces and events,” he said. Popularity

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The Iraqi president sets a deadline to name a prime minister, and protesters continue to escalate

7 minutes ago

Barham Salih called on Shiite blocs to nominate a candidate to head the government, or he will assume that (Reuters)

Iraqi President Barham Saleh gave the Shiite political blocs in parliament until next Saturday to nominate a non-controversial candidate for prime minister, in preparation for early legislative elections, in conjunction with renewed clashes between protesters and security forces that use gas bombs and cartridges, and also fire in the air to disperse them.

And the Al-Jazeera correspondent in Baghdad quoted sources in the Presidency of the Republic as saying that the President informed the blocs concerned with this mandate with a message that: either provide what he described as a non-dialectical figure to assign them to head the government, or that he is the one who is accepted in the Iraqi protest arenas and the main political forces.

And political forces in Iraq are still different regarding the personality of the new prime minister, at a time when political sources revealed a close announcement of the name of the candidate to head the next government, and said that intensive consultations are taking place between the parties concerned to resolve the matter.

Abdul-Mahdi criticized parliament for not resolving the file to form the government  (Al-Jazeera)

Criticism of Abdel-Mahdi

In a related context, the head of the caretaker government, Adel Abdel-Mahdi, criticized parliament for not resolving the file of forming the government, and condemned the cutting off of road demonstrators and the closure of schools.

Abdul-Mahdi said during the weekly session of his government on Tuesday evening that he “did not find support from Parliament in this regard,” calling for the necessity of resolving this file as soon as possible.

On the movement that has been going on for nearly four months, Abdel-Mahdi said, “The demonstrations that forcefully block schools, roads and interests are unacceptable anywhere in the world, and they are not peaceful.”

He added, “When the road between Basra, the south of the country, and Baghdad is cut off, that would disrupt more than ten thousand trucks.”

Clashes in Baghdad, dozens of wounded (Reuters)

Field situation In the field

Al-Wathba Square in Baghdad is witnessing renewed clashes between protesters and Iraqi security forces that use gas bombs and cartridges, as well as firing bullets in the air to disperse them.

The clashes have left scores of wounded, and witnessed massive arrest campaigns, as demonstrators say.

And Iraq has witnessed since the beginning of last October, unprecedented protests against the government, punctuated by violence that left hundreds of dead and thousands wounded.

Protesters repeatedly cut off roads, schools, departments and government and economic facilities, to pressure the authorities to respond to their demands.

Source: social media, Al-Jazeera

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Source: Saleh is waiting for the election law to arrive for review and approval as soon as possible

Policy

2020-01-29 | 07:49

2,961 views

A well-informed source said, on Wednesday, that the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, is awaiting the arrival of the election law from Parliament for review and approval, “as soon as possible.”

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The Iraqi President sends a message to the blocs and gives them one last deadline: I will cost the most acceptable

Barham Saleh’s

policy

as prime minister

01/20/2020 05:31:00

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Shafaq News / Iraqi President Barham Saleh sent a message to the political and parliamentary blocs in the country, regarding the submission of a candidate to head the Iraqi government.

The content of the letter, seen by Shafak News, stated:

Iraq faces serious political junctures that all of us must confront it responsibly, to avoid further complications in the Iraqi scene, and to fulfill the legitimate demands of the people to form a new government that paves the way for the upcoming elections.

Since Prime Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi submitted his official resignation to the House of Representatives, political and parliamentary debates were launched for the purpose of choosing a candidate to assume the presidency of the government, and unfortunately due to political debates and tensions, these discussions have not yet led to an understanding of a “non-controversial” candidate for the presidency of the Council. The ministers are able to address the requirements of the stage and achieve the political and popular consensus required to cross the country to safety and restore order and prepare for the upcoming elections, which called the supreme religious authority, national powers and demonstrators to ask those concerned to expedite the resolution of the government formation file.

Events are accelerating and the scene is getting more complicated on the official and popular levels. There are increasing numbers of martyrs and victims from peaceful demonstrators and security forces, and we believe that the biggest node lies in reaching reasonable borders to agree on the new candidate for the presidency of the Council of Ministers, and certainly that continuing the current situation is a matter It is impossible to warn of great danger and greater complexity.

I call on you, as parliamentary blocs concerned with the nomination of the Prime Minister, to resume constructive and serious political dialogue in order to agree on a new candidate for the presidency of the Council of Ministers with popular approval and submit it to the Presidency of the Republic in order to issue the mandate order. Inevitably, you estimate that the President of the Republic has a national and constitutional duty to push towards resolving the crisis, and if the concerned blocs are not able to resolve the nomination order by no later than Saturday, February 1, 2019, I see an obligation to exercise my constitutional powers by assigning those whom I find most acceptable to Parliament and people, and in Output framework of the consultations I had during the last period with political forces and popular activities.

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News of a deadline to political forces until Saturday to choose the prime minister … and the “imminent discount” is no longer believed by the citizen

Baghdad / Obelisk: An informed source revealed, Wednesday, January 29; January 2020, that the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, had given the political blocs until Friday evening regarding the candidate of the Prime Minister.

The source said in an interview with local media, that the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, had given the political blocs until Friday evening to present a non-controversial candidate for prime minister.

Otherwise, Saleh will assign an independent figure who will accept the street, he added.

A source close to the President of the Republic, last Tuesday, had denied through the “obelisk”, agreement on a candidate for prime minister, while the leaks reveal political settlements about the next government, whose results are not known exactly.

The source said that the news that talked about agreeing on the candidate for prime minister is unfounded, in a clear indication of the difficulty of getting out of the bottleneck, where parties, parliamentary blocs and protesters exchange the right to name.

Rather, the scene paints marathon negotiations between the political class and the demonstrators, resulting in an endless debate about the characteristics of the next prime minister, who cannot pass without regional consensus as well, according to observers. 

At the time of writing this report, the media and social media are providing the names of candidates, and there has been widespread debate among supporters and opponents. For the Iraqis, the matter came to the conclusion that even the phrase “imminent discount” of the prime minister’s file did not cross the topic of interest, after it was frequently repeated by MPs and politicians.

And every day, the name of the candidate with the greatest probability changes, between names, as soon as they are put forward until the agenda of their downfall begins, whether in the arena of demonstrations, or through the media, where each party has its own goals and objectives.

Sources conveyed the message of President Barham Salih to the political blocs, the following is its text without the obelisk confirmation of its validity period until the writing of this report:

 The President of the Republic for the parliamentary blocs 

Iraq faces dangerous political junctures that compel us all to confront it responsibly, to avoid further complications in the Iraqi scene, and to fulfill the legitimate demands of the people to form a new government that will pave the way for the upcoming elections.

Since Prime Minister Adel Abdel-Mahdi submitted his official resignation to the parliament, political and parliamentary debates were launched for the purpose of choosing a candidate to take over the government, and unfortunately due to political debates and tensions, these deliberations did not lead until today to an understanding of a “non-controversial” candidate for the presidency of the parliament. The ministers are able to address the requirements of the stage and achieve the political and popular consensus required to cross the country to safety and restore order and prepare for the upcoming elections, which called the supreme religious authority, national powers and demonstrators to demand those concerned to expedite the resolution of the government formation file. 

Events are accelerating and the scene is getting more complicated on the official and popular levels. There are increasing numbers of martyrs and victims from peaceful demonstrators and security forces, and we believe that the biggest node lies in reaching reasonable borders to agree on the new candidate for the presidency of the Council of Ministers, and certainly that continuing the current situation is a matter It is impossible to warn of great danger and greater complexity. 

I call on you, as parliamentary blocs concerned with the nomination of the Prime Minister, to resume constructive and serious political dialogue in order to agree on a new candidate for the presidency of the Council of Ministers with popular approval and submit it to the Presidency of the Republic in order to issue the mandate order. Inevitably, you estimate that the President of the Republic has a national and constitutional duty to push towards resolving the crisis, and if the concerned blocs are not able to resolve the nomination order by no later than Saturday, February 1, 2019, I see an obligation to exercise my constitutional powers by assigning those whom I find most acceptable to parliament and people. Output framework of the consultations I had during the last period with political forces and popular activities.

You have great appreciation and respect,

and may God’s peace ,  mercy, and blessings be upon you

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