Two weeks ago, the United States continues to pass resolutions and laws aimed at curbing Iranian influence in Iraq.
A few days ago, the US Treasury Department issued a resolution imposing sanctions on four Iraqi figures, including two leaders of the popular crowd (Ryan Chaldean and Qadu), and the other former governors of Nineveh (Nofal al-Aakoub) and Salahuddin (Ahmad al-Jubouri). Yesterday, the US House of Representatives approved a majority of the bill to “prevent the destabilization of Iraq”.
At a time when Baghdad formed a special committee was not announced to consider the decision of the US Treasury, especially as there are dozens of figures that are believed to have been covered by the procedures of the Treasury Department of the United States, the Central Bank of Iraq, and implicit reference of the government to approve the sanctions, Freeze the balances of these four figures.
And on the approval of Congress to renew the law «Preventing the destabilization of Iraq», asked the current MP in the Iraqi parliament, former Minister of Labor and Social Affairs Mohammed Shi’a Sudanese, in a tweet on Twitter, whether this decision «a new tutelage, or approved to make Iraq arena Clash with neighboring countries ». He considered the Sudanese decision «the right word is meant to be void».
The law states that the US president “has the right to impose sanctions on any foreigner intending to deliberately commit any form of violence with a direct purpose or effect on the threat of peace and stability in Iraq or the government of Iraq, undermining the democratic process, Political or humanitarian assistance to the Iraqi people. “
The law also places the Secretary of State “in charge of preparing and renewing annually the establishment, maintenance and dissemination of a list of armed groups, militias or proxy forces in Iraq receiving logistical, military or financial assistance from the IRGC, as well as the practice of terrorism inside Iraq, Individuals on the list should be punished and if persons associated with certain terrorist organizations should be counted and punished. “
«Middle East» polled the views of a group of political and security concerns about the nature of this law, and the possible implications for it. “The law comes as a commitment by the US State, led by Congress, the parties, the President and the Vice President of the United States, to support the Iraqi state, to maintain security and stability,” said Dr. Hussein Allawi, a professor of national security at Al-Nahrain College. , As a moral responsibility and a political alliance with the Iraqi state, and a political commitment to maintain security and stability after defeating the entity (calling) terrorist.
“The United States wants to make Iraq away from the US-Iran conflict and the ongoing escalation, so it will stand with the Iraqi government and the Iraqi people,” Allawi said. “There is a new US strategy under President Donald Trump based on a solid alliance philosophy, This is the first time since the policy of former President George W. Bush, in which the United States of America to follow the strategy of a strong link, instead of the flex that followed the era of President Barack Obama, which greatly affected the position of Iraq in the US decision, “and pointed out that” And a larger part of it is the commitment of the United States to the stability of Iraq, politically, security and social ».
For his part, believes the security expert Saeed al-Jayashi, told Asharq Al-Awsat that “the law to prevent the destabilization of Iraq returns Iraq to the direct American influence in the structure of the political system, with a clear accounting capability.” “If the law-making cycle is completed by the Senate and the White House, we will be in a completely new situation, through its implementation stages, which are more dangerous than the Iraqi Liberation Act passed by Congress in 1998,” he said.
“It is expected that this law and its powers will have a high capacity to remove or undermine the United States of the characters, or to freeze companies and accounts and stop them and confiscate funds, while constantly undermining what it sees as a threat to the stability of Iraq, according to this law whose standards are unclear.” He pointed out that «it is important that the government and state channels to review and discuss the reasons for moving the law now, despite the passage of two years to initiate legislation, as there may be a clear link between the escalating tension between Iran and America and the relationship with Iraq, and the possibility of being a clash zone for them, In accordance with this law warns of a multi-directional escalation and areas ».
The head of the Center for Political Thought, Dr. Ihsan al-Shammari, said, for his part, in his interview with Asharq al-Awsat, that “this law, and after the vote by the US Senate, after its approval by the House of Representatives, will open the door for the President of the United States to take action “This law is a challenge not only to the current government, but is a challenge to the political forces to adopt a position consistent with the interest of Iraq, and a real challenge to the armed factions referred to by this law, and the shape of its relationship with Iran,” noting that “The law allows the US president to intervene militarily in Iraq, Lah “This law is in line with the strategic agreement between Iraq and the United States, one of which guarantees the American forces the right to intervene militarily against everything that destabilizes democratic governance in Iraq.”
He pointed out that «the law went through many stages, as there seems to be an American concern about the owners of weapons in Iraq, and therefore it will entail many things, in terms of the inclusion of those close to Iran on the list of US terrorism, and I do not rule that the separation between this law And the strategic agreement that allows the United States to intervene militarily, if it is found that democracy in Iraq is threatened, and therefore the possibility of military intervention may be contained in the event that some parties turned Iraq into a land of friction, threatened the political process or tried to violate Iraq’s sovereignty or democratic system .