Nuri al-Maliki is hiding in the position of vice president of accountability for corruption and the fall of Mosul

The departure of former Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki from power and a decline in the weight of his parliamentary bloc do not necessarily mean losing his full power. He is still at least able to provide immunity against accountability for the outcome of his disastrous reign, which Iraq does not seem to get rid of its consequences in the long term.

BAGHDAD (Reuters) – Former Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, a leader of a coalition of state law, is close to holding a position in the May elections in compensation for his bloc from a cabinet seat promised in Adel Abdul Mahdi’s cabin.

“Al-Arabi” learned from informed political sources in Baghdad, that “Maliki is about to renew his term as Vice President of the Republic,” despite the great controversy raised by the presence of this post mainly, almost without any powers.

The sources said that “the granting of al-Maliki as vice president comes satisfaction to the coalition of the rule of law, which leads after receiving a promise to obtain a ministry in the government of Abdul-Mahdi, but this was not achieved, because of the conditions of the negotiations.”

According to the sources, the development of this kind will open the door wide to the repetition of the draft “three deputies” to the President of the Republic, a formula imposed by sectarian quotas on the Iraqi political situation, and the existence of three Vice-President of the Republic, representing the main parties in the Iraqi spectrum.

In the event that Maliki received this position, will be open to the leader of the movement of solution Gamal Karbouli to occupy the post of Vice-President of the Republic, while may be available to the Turkmen component to get the position of the third deputy, represented by rational.

Maliki is no longer a difficult figure in the political process, yet there are those who still fear his machinations and conspiracies and try to appease him

Thus, the image of the national sectarian representation in the presidency will be completed. President Barham Salih Kurdi, Maliki is Shiite and Karbali Sunni, while the leader of the Turkmen Front, Arshad Salhi, appears to be the most prominent candidate for the Turkmen component.

The Iraqi constitution is almost devoid of any effective powers for the President of the Republic, which raises controversy about the naming of three deputies, who have no constitutional duties or executive functions.

Iraqi President Barham Saleh is trying to give his post more momentum than the constitutional frameworks, while observers say the Iraqi president is competing with the foreign minister in the government of Abdul Mahdi for his duties.

Sources said “Arabs” that “Karbouli and Salihi see the political weight that Maliki has in the Iraqi scene, relying on the support of a large Iranian, may repeat his presence in the post of Vice President four more years.

As such, Karbouli does not appear in the scene of the claim for a personal position, while Salhi al-Salhi claims his position, the “oppressor Turkmen component,” the fourth largest component of Iraq, and the lowest presence in executive positions.

The sources said that “the presence of al-Maliki in the post of Vice-President, a guarantee to protect him from any attempts to liquidate any political plan of any party.”

The Iraqi street sees Maliki as the ultimate goal of any crackdown on corrupt people involved in the waste of public money, but his political immunity, provided by the close relationship with Tehran, hinders action against him.

Observers believe that hints made by former Prime Minister Haider Abadi, the need to hit large whales, headed by Maliki, was the most prominent reasons for blocking the way for a second term in office.

An Iraqi politician, who asked not to be identified, said Maliki was no longer that difficult figure, which can not be overcome if it comes to the political process, yet there are those who still fear his machinations and conspiracies and try to appease him, even if appeased by his corner aside as Vice President The republic has no constitutional value, but it offers exceptional privileges, including protection from any legal accountability it may face because of the disastrous policies it adopted during its 2006-2014 term.

“Because Maliki considers himself the godfather of the political process, the maker of governments and the builder of a new Iraq, he managed to surround himself with a halo that no one else has. And as is known to all, it did not reach that position only through the waste of free and random public money, which made him able to attract many of the baptists who praise his praise and call him titles that suggest his sectarian dominance such as the title of the chosen age.

The Iraqi politician, “If Maliki has reached the stage of despair of his return to power, it did not stand between him and the continuation of the management of the secret state, which is a complex network of interests run by his corrupt followers within the public state, and have always been able to To disrupt and thwart any attempt at reform by aborting any idea that calls for such a direction. “

“The fear of Maliki, known for his stupidity, malice and suspicious relations may equate Maliki’s fear of the desire of others to oppress him and get rid of it and create a balance that Maliki could benefit from in pushing others not to anger or harm his interests. As it seems, Maliki’s policy depends on the ability of the ghost of the wolf to spread fear in the hearts of others even after the disappearance of the wolf. No one dares to name al-Maliki corrupt, despite the existence of many files that condemn him. “

Although Maliki lost nearly two-thirds of the parliamentary seats he held in the May elections, he still enjoys Iranian protection and support.

The Shiite political community believes that the leader of a coalition of state law, a red line of Iran, no one will dare to undermine it in the foreseeable future, despite the accusations of corruption that surrounds him, especially during his second term as prime minister between 2010 and 2014, and hold him responsible for the fall of Mosul and Followed by two-thirds of Iraq’s territory in the hands of elements of a preacher, after the collapse of the security establishment during the last year of Maliki’s second term for reasons directly related to the manner of his administration of various state institutions and the great corruption that leaked to them.

The Arabs

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Economy Publishing the financial budget of Iraq in the official reality

 

 Twilight News    
 37 minutes ago

The Ministry of Justice announced on Monday the issuance of the new issue of the Iraqi fact sheet No. (4529) of the Federal Budget Law No. 1 of 2019, which was approved by the House of Representatives and approved by the President of the Republic.

The Director General of the Iraqi Facts Department Kamel Amin Hashim said in a statement today that the budget law included the transfer of money from some ministries to the liberated provinces and the province of Basra and detailed sentences in terms of spending, investment and loans. The law included the request of the Council of Ministers to install contractors and lecturers in all state institutions only Including employees of self-financed contracts at the Ministry of Electricity, as well as continuing to grant staff five-year leave and the introduction of grades for the popular mobilization and tribal mobilization.

 He added that the number also included the law banning the importation of food products, as well as agricultural products that have a similar local product, according to the agricultural calendar.

The Iraqi fact sheet included the details of the budget and its adjustments for the current year 2019.

Iraq’s 2019 budget busts IMF deal

 

IRAQ PULS

 

ARTICLE SUMMARY
The Iraqi parliament randomly amended the government’s 2019 draft budget to include provisions that increase spending, a move that contravenes an agreement with the International Monetary Fund and that has led to threats of court challenges.

Iraqi President Barham Salih approved the controversial 2019 budget on Feb. 4. The budget passed the parliament Jan. 23 after long debates over allocations for the Kurdistan Region and southern provinces and amendments that ignored Iraq’s obligations under an agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) mandating austerity measures until 2021.

The Iraqi parliament approved draft legislation for the 2019 budget amid objections from authorities in the southern provinces. At 133.1 trillion Iraqi dinars ($112.6 billion), the budget, if passed, would be the country’s third largest, behind those for 2013 and 2014. With a 27.8% increase in spending, it would appear to blow up the IMF agreement.

Compared to the 2018 budget, the current one estimates oil exports of 3.88 million barrels per day (bpd), a daily decrease of 8,000. It also assumes a $10 per barrel price increase, which based on the current market would be from $46 to $56. Budgeted oil revenue accounts for 88.8% of total revenues.

Meanwhile tax revenues and fees are set at 6.8 trillion dinars ($5.7 billion), compared to last year’s 9.2 trillion dinars ($7.7 billion). The decrease in taxes is evidence in and of itself of the government’s non-compliance with the IMF Stand-by Arrangement to reform the economy.

The IMF-required reforms included raising personal and business taxes to increase state revenue and halting increases to the government payroll. Yet, the 2019 budget provides for a 24.7% increase in state employee salaries, for a total of 43.4 trillion dinars ($36.7 billion). In addition, the state’s domestic and foreign debt will increase by 30.87%, to 10.7 trillion dinars ($9 billion).

A source at the Ministry of Finance speaking on the condition of anonymity, told Al-Monitor, “The members of parliament did not discuss the budget bill with the Ministry of Finance.” They also did not consult with the Ministry of Planning and simply amended provisions at will. The source added, “The Iraqi government will file an appeal to the Supreme Court to reverse the amendments and articles added by the parliament.”

In Iraq’s budget process, the government prepares a draft budget and sends it to the parliament, which is allowed to offer amendments before approving it and sending it back to the government. If the government is unhappy with the legislative changes, it can approch the courts for resolution.

The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) should be pleased with the proposed budget, which provides it benefits not allocated since 2013.

Ahmad Hama, a Kurdish representative on the Parliamentary Finance Committee, told Al-Monitor, “The Kurds have a few comments on the 2019 budget, but it is fair to them since it guarantees the salaries of [KRG] employees, increases the region’s share [of expenditures] from 12.67% to 13.93% of the total budget and gives the region $2 billion in investment loans.”

Hama also observed, “The 2019 budget resolves some issues ongoing with Baghdad over the years, announcing a fresh start for ties with Baghdad.

One of those issues involves oil. “The Kurdistan Region produces 480,000 barrels of oil per day,” Hama remarked. “Baghdad’s share [from that] will be 250,000 barrels. Added to that, there are 150,000 barrels used within the region for daily consumption, so the region will benefit from exporting 80,000 barrels.” Kurdistan ships both its share of oil as well as Baghad’s to market through a pipeline to Ceyhan, Turkey, and then disburses Baghdad its share of the revenue, as per prior agreement.

The government allocated 1 trillion dinars ($846 million) for the petrodollar project allocating a percentage of oil revenues for oil-producing provinces suffering damage from the industry. The regions suffering the most from production and refining receive a higher share of the amount set aside. For example, Basra are to receive 69.2%, Kirkuk 6.3%, and Wasit 4% in the 2019 budget. The Kurdistan Region was excluded. Local authorities can use the money at their own discretion, such as to buy power, send residents abroad for medical treatment and provide other services.

Southern province representatives were not pleased with the budget. They have criticized the draft budget because it does not allocate enough funding to complete stalled projects or quell popular dissatisfaction that eruped in protests last year over the lack of basic services, including potable water and electricity.

Ahmad al-Salayti, speaker of the Basra governorate council told Al-Monitor, “The 2019 budget confiscated the rights of Basra governorate and gave it less than its constitutional right [to petrodollars]. This is particularly crucial since Iraq’s economy greatly relies on Basra.”

Salayti stated, “The main problem is that the budget bill was not yet distributed to the members of parliament, and it was not published on the parliament’s website either [before the vote].” He added, “When we asked some members of parliament, they said that they did not know what they voted on and that the amendment and addition of articles to the 2019 budget was disorganized and random.”

“This is the first time Iraq has witnessed such chaos in passing the budget, which demonstrates the parliament’s negligence toward the Iraqi people,” Salayti remarked. “Basra governorate will appeal to the Supreme Court regarding the budget [if passed], and it will approach the Iraqi courts.”

The draft budget should be sent to parliament and approved before the start of the new year, but it is usually behind schedule, meaning the government conducts public finance without a budget plan. This unaccountability is a major source of corruption. Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index for 2018 gave Iraq a score of 18 out of 100, with 1 being highly corrupt and 100 very clean. Last year, Iraq did not follow its budget to the letter, only implementing 80% of the budget at the most.

Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi has a background in economics and attained office based in part on an economic reform agenda. Yet, his government is repeating the mistakes of 2012 and 2013 by randomly increasing spending without investing in developing production sectors.

Iraq is currently experiencing crises in health, agriculture, industry, education, and energy production. The rate of health expenditures under the current budget is only 2.4%, while agricultural allowances do not exceed 1% and education 3.6%. To be productive, the budget must be aligned with economic realities, not political goals.

It appear that the budget crisis, which began in October, might last another three months as the government makes plans to appeal to the courts over parliament’s random amendments and other changes to the draft budget.

Found in:KRG, OIL, PARLIAMENT, CORRUPTION, BUDGET

Salam Zidane is an Iraqi journalist specializing in economics. He has written for several local and international media sources such as Al-Jazeera and The New Arab

Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/01/iraq-2019-budget-monetary-fund.html#ixzz5fC2BxYHI

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/01/iraq-2019-budget-monetary-fund.html

The central bank reduces the letter of guarantee and wages of supervision and follow-up

 

Central Bank of Iraq
  
 Banks

Economy News Baghdad

The Central Bank of Iraq announced on Sunday the reduction of the letter of guarantee and wages of supervision and follow-up of companies to mediate the sale and purchase of foreign currencies. 

“Based on the decision of the bank’s board of directors, it was decided to reduce the guarantee letter provided by the brokerage companies to buy and sell foreign currencies to become 10% of the company’s capital instead of 50% and the amount of the guarantee 50 million dinars,” the bank said in a statement. Instead of 100 million dinars. “

The bank added that “the fees of supervision and follow-up has also been reduced to 500 thousand dinars instead of one million dinars, and the final audit fees have been reduced to 250 thousand dinars instead of 500 thousand dinars.”

http://economy-news.net/content.php?id=15354

The President of the Federal Court visits the pavilion of the Association of Private Banks at the Book Fair

 

 Banks

Economy News – Baghdad

The President of the Federal Court of Iraq, Judge Medhat al-Mahmoud, on Sunday, the pavilion of the Association of Iraqi private banks at the Baghdad International Book Fair, while praising the efforts of the Association in developing the wheel of the Iraqi economy.

After visiting the pavilion, Al-Mahmoud and the delegation of judges briefed him on the mechanism of the Association of Iraqi Private Banks and its efforts in training human resources for private and government banks, as well as recent community initiatives.

The President of the Federal Court praised these efforts, noting that such efforts would contribute to the advancement of the economic sector in the country.

It is noteworthy that the Association of Iraqi private banks in addition to the Central Bank of Iraq as the main sponsors of the Baghdad International Book Fair for the period from 7 to 18 February 2019

http://economy-news.net/content.php?id=15360

Raised 1100 concrete girls from the Green Zone within three days

 Localities  2019/02/10 20:49    64  Editor: mst     

Baghdad today _ Baghdad

Baghdad Municipality announced on Sunday that it had raised 1100 different sizes of concrete in just three days from the Green Zone in the center of the capital.

“The Green Zone, surrounded by the Mansour Theater and Cinema, had the largest share of the campaign to raise the stakes in the capital,” the Secretariat said in a statement received by Baghdad today.

She stressed the lifting of “1100 concrete girls during the days of Thursday, Saturday and Sunday, and the mobilization of its staff to remove the debris and debris collected.”

According to the statement, the secretariat of Baghdad, “the continuation of its staff by the work of pruning trees and planting spaces and patching the streets.”

https://baghdadtoday.news/ar/

Parliamentary Finance: Baghdad will send the salaries of employees of Kurdistan and Peshmerga on this date

 Politics    02.10.2019 18:16  381    Editor: bh     

Baghdad today _ Baghdad

A member of the Finance Committee parliamentary Jamal Koger, on Sunday, that Baghdad will send salaries of employees of the Kurdistan region and the Peshmerga starting next month, in application of what is stated in the financial budget for 2019.

“The federal budget for 2019, includes an article that guarantees the salaries of employees of the Kurdistan region and the Peshmerga, and deal with them like all other employees in the Iraqi state, and they separate their salaries entirely from the budget, and the oil agreement between Arbil and Baghdad,” he said in an interview for Baghdad today. That “salaries will be sent full of Baghdad to Kurdistan, without any savings beginning next month, as we have been informed, and based on what is stated in the budget law, which was approved by President Barham Saleh.

The MP said the Kurdistan Islamic Group, “These salaries will not be subject to the discussions of the oil agreement and the delivery of revenues by the provincial government to the federal government,” calling for “Baghdad to fulfill its obligations to the citizens of Kurdistan.”

On February 4, President Barham Salih ratified the Financial Budget Law of 2019, before Prime Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi revealed on February 5 that there was a discussion between his government and the parliament “about some interpretations of what was said In the budget law. ”

On Thursday morning (January 24, 2019), the House of Representatives voted on the Federal Budget Law of 2019.

Under the law, Iraq’s revenues for the same year amounted to 105.5 trillion Iraqi dinars, after the price of a barrel of oil at $ 56, an export rate of 3.3 million barrels per day.

Public expenditures, according to the law voted on, 133.1 trillion dinars, while the value of the fee was 27.5 trillion dinars.

“The House of Representatives, for the first time, passed a budget without external borrowing, with only internal borrowing,” members of the Finance Committee of the Parliament said after the vote on the law.

https://baghdadtoday.news/ar/