Iraq reaches “stability” after four decades of chaos

 

The appointment of Saleh and Abdul Mahdi as a moderate peaceful option

The change in the Iraqi government has always led to strong disagreements and sometimes to violence. When the young Iraqi king Faisal II was overthrown in 1958, he was executed by firing squad in the courtyard of his palace in Baghdad, and then his body was displayed hanging. Few of those who succeeded him ended even better, until the overthrow of Saddam Hussein in 2003, the transition in the ensuing years that generated hatred and discontent within Iraq, as well as strong political pressure from outside powers.

In contrast to these blood-stained traditions, the election of the veteran Kurdish politician Barham Saleh as president by the Iraqi parliament, as well as the election of Adel Abdul Mahdi, an independent Shiite politician, as a prime minister, is a peaceful and moderate choice. The ceremony was held at the Presidential Palace in Baghdad’s Green Zone, where Salih received the honor guard and received outgoing President Fuad Masum.

These appointments have been pending since the end of the last elections, which took place on May 12, but when the appointments were welcomed, they were at least accepted by the main parties in Iraq. Abdul Mahdi has 30 days to form his government and is likely to succeed. The political climate is now different from what it was during the last change of prime minister in 2014, when he took over the post Haider Abadi, after the defeat of the Iraqi army to the organization «Daash», where the fighters became the organization on the gates of Baghdad.

Miscellaneous accidents

The Da’ash organization continues to carry out acts of murder and sporadic bombing, but not at the pace it once had, and violence has been at its lowest in Iraq since 2003. This shift in Iraqi life is so radical that the country no longer lives Wars and crises, and revolutions and sanctions, as is the case for almost 40 years, after the accession of Saddam Hussein power.

The pessimists see that the absence of a current political conflict is due to the fact that Saleh and Abdul Mahdi are respected men from the Kurdish and Shiite political elites who have taken power since the fall of Saddam Hussein 15 years ago and have misjudged Iraq. The two men have held high-ranking government posts, leading to the belief that the politicians who have chosen the men will receive their natural share of ministries, positions and contracts. “Has one of the bad conditions in Iraq been reformed, such as corruption, so far?” Asked one Iraqi political commentator with extensive experience in Iraqi politics.

The pressure, now practiced to reform the corrupt state, seems to have peaked as a result of the living conditions in Iraq. When the angry demonstrations broke out last summer in the city of Basra, they protested the lack of electricity, water, food and livelihoods, and added that drinking water when safe was poisoned, leaving thousands hospitalized.

Priority to the economy

The election success of the Shiite leader Moqtada al-Sadr, where his coalition, known as the “Saroon”, achieved a majority in the general elections last May, confirms that priority for the Iraqis has become social and economic issues, not sectarian solidarity. Sadr seems to be well aware of the skepticism of most Iraqis, who believe his movement’s enthusiasm will evaporate and evaporate when they become leaders in ministries.

To dispel these fears a few days ago, Sadr said his bloc “could not be a minister” in the new government, giving Abdel Mahdi one year to implement reforms, and that he would face a massive “uprising,” a threat that could not be underestimated, In Basra they burnt government and party offices. “We succeeded in pushing for the appointment of an independent prime minister and encouraged him to form a government without pressure from any party or sect,” Sadr said. We issued our instructions not to appoint any member of our bloc in any ministry in the next government. We agreed to give the prime minister one year to prove his success, take important steps to build Iraq, and eliminate tyranny. “

The implementation of such reforms will not be easy, because in reality it is not only the elite that loot Iraqi oil revenues. There are 4.5 million government employees who receive monthly salaries of up to $ 4 billion. They maintain their jobs through their loyalty For a particular political party or sect.

The choice of the president and the prime minister indicates that there is some change in the authority in Baghdad and the Kurdish region. Abdul Mahdi is not from the Shiite Dawa party, which was presented by former heads of government, but from the Supreme Islamic Council of Iraq, a religious party with close ties to Iran. Salih is from the deeply divided PUK, which governs the eastern region of Kurdistan.

Both appointments represent a change in the relationship with Iran and a departure from the United States. Which is important because the United States was hoping to remain Abadi in power, where it cooperated with him successfully against the organization «Dahesh». Abadi was about to say he supported the United States in its sanctions against Iran.

Although Abbadi was the prime minister when he liberated Mosul from “da’ash” and restored the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, it did not give him much confidence in the Iraqi electorate.

Reducing the violence allowed Iraqis to focus on the massive thefts of state resources under the Dawa Party, which failed to improve or even maintain state infrastructure.

Saleh’s choice is a sign that the influence of Massoud Barzani, the most powerful Kurdish leader, has been greatly diminished by the referendum on his independence last year, which has helped speed up the advance of Iraqi security forces toward Kirkuk and other disputed areas with the Kurds. Part of Saleh’s party cooperated with government forces.

All successive Iraqi governments have been weak and fragile as a result of ethnic and religious differences, but the new government is a sign that Iraq is stable after four decades of violence and division.

– The pressure now being exerted to reform the corrupt state has peaked as a result of the living conditions in Iraq.

– Violence has become the lowest in Iraq since 2003. This transformation in Iraqi life is so radical that the country no longer lives in the state of wars, crises, revolutions and sanctions.

Patrick Cockburn is the Independent correspondent for the Middle East

China and the IMF vow to avoid using the currency as a commercial weapon

 

 

 Arab and international

Economy News Baghdad:

China’s central bank governor vowed on Saturday to keep the value of the yuan “highly stable”, a sign that Beijing may seek to prevent the trade dispute with the United States from escalating into a currency war .

Group photo of participants at annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in Bali, Indonesia on Saturday. take photo. Johannes Christo – Reuters

The Chinese People’s Bank (People’s Bank) Governor Yi Gang made the remarks at the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in Bali, while US Treasury Secretary Stephen Menochin said Chinese officials had told him that more yuan cuts were not in China’s interest.

Manochin stressed his concern that the large devaluation of the yuan this year is part of efforts to gain a trade advantage for Chinese exports or to offset the impact of US tariffs .

The yuan has fallen more than 8 percent against the dollar since the end of April to about 6.91 yuan to the dollar on Friday, close to the psychologically important level of seven yuan, which has not registered in a decade .

“China will continue to allow the market to play a decisive role in determining the yuan’s exchange rate,” Yi said in a statement issued by the International Monetary and Financial Committee on Saturday. “We will not reduce the currency to enhance competitiveness. We will not use the exchange rate as a tool to deal with trade disputes .”

The central bank governor’s statement, along with currency pledges in the final communique issued by the IMF’s member states, is on track to intensify the trade dialogue, as rising trade disputes and rising borrowing costs threaten global growth .

In a statement issued by the IMF Steering Committee, Member States also agreed to discuss ways to improve the WTO so as to better resolve trade disputes .

“We recognize that fair investment and free trade in goods and services on the basis of mutual benefit are key drivers of growth and job creation,” the International Monetary and Financial Committee said in the statement .

“We will refrain from currency cuts to enhance competitiveness, and we will not target our exchange rates for competition .”

http://economy-news.net/content.php?id=13957

University of Ceyhan to host a symposium on the Iraqi currency next Monday

 

 money and business

Economy News Baghdad:

Next Monday, the University of Ceyhan will host the economic symposium “The Iraqi Currency”, which will be presented by Dr. Hamam Al-Shamma.

An official source for “Economy News”, “The University of Ceyhan will embrace next Monday the work of the economic dialogue seminar (the Iraqi currency what and what) and cast the international economic expert Hammam al-Shamma.”

He stressed that “the lecture will be about the importance of enhancing confidence in the Iraqi currency in light of the major challenges facing the global monetary system as a result of the economic war between the major powers.” He pointed out that “the workshop will be attended by high-level figures from various quarters.”

http://economy-news.net/content.php?id=13958

A delegation from the coalition of reform and reconstruction headed by Ammar al-Hakim to visit the Kurdistan region tomorrow

 

By Rudao 5 hours ago
عمار الحكيم
Ammar al-Hakim

Roudao – Erbil 

A senior delegation from the Reform and Reconstruction Coalition headed by Ammar al-Hakim will visit the city of Erbil on Sunday, October 14, 2018, and is scheduled to meet with President Massoud Barzani, the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. 

The leader of the National Wisdom Movement, Abdullah al-Zaidi, the network of Rodao media, said that “a high-level delegation of the coalition of reform and reconstruction headed by Ammar al-Hakim, visit on Sunday, the Kurdistan Region.”

The Zaidi that “the delegation of the coalition in his visit to the Kurdistan region will meet with President Massoud Barzani, Prime Minister Nigirvan Barzani, and senior officials of other parties in the city of Erbil,” noting that “the delegation is also scheduled to visit the city of Sulaymaniyah also meet leaders of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan” .

Zaidi stressed that “President Barzani is an essential corner in the political process and without it can not address the differences in Iraq,” explaining that “the visit aims to consolidate relations and start a new phase.”

The visiting delegation includes officials from Suroun, Nasr, Wisdom Stream and the National Coalition.

Translated by Azad Jamkari

“Alliance reform: Abdel-Mahdi began to form his government as “bold steps

 

Political situation

Saturday 13 October 2018 8:00 pm

BAGHDAD / The coalition of reform and reconstruction, on Saturday, that Prime Minister-designate Adel Abdul-Mahdi began to form his government as “bold steps.”

The MP for the coalition, Mohammed Reza, “the eye of Iraq News,” that “the Prime Minister-designate Adel Abdul-Mahdi will complete the formation of his government in accordance with constitutional ceilings.”

And Reza that “Abdul-Mahdi began bold steps and different from the mechanisms of forming the previous governments, and the new government will be far from the quota, and this is what we are working now with partners from different blocs and parties.”

http://aynaliraqnews.com/index.php?aa=news&id22=106637

The President stresses the need for a strong government and sends a message to the good forces

Policy  2018/10/13 17:15  712

Baghdad today – Baghdad

President Barham Salih on Saturday stressed the need for a strong government in the coming stage, while at the same time sending a message to what he called “good forces.”

The office of the President of the Republic in a statement received by “Baghdad today,” that “Barham Salih received at the Peace Palace in Baghdad on Saturday, a delegation of elders and sheikhs of the tribes of the Kurdistan region to congratulate him on his election as President of the Republic.

Saleh, according to the statement, “visit the tribal delegation,” stressing at the same time “the importance of deepening the spirit of brotherhood that binds all components of the Iraqi spectrum and strengthen the national spirit and peaceful coexistence between all components of the Iraqi people.”

He stressed that “the next phase should witness the birth of a strong Iraqi government capable of facing challenges and providing services to all the people of Iraq.” He called on all good forces, dignitaries and tribal sheikhs to contribute to achieving the goals that the citizen aspires to. “He said.

The delegation expressed its full support for President Barham Salih on the occasion of his assumption of his presidency, wishing him “success in serving the Iraqi people in all its facets and components without any discrimination.”

https://baghdadtoday.news/ar/

Tamimi: Iraq’s revenues for the year 2018 exceeded 67 trillion dinars

Release date: 2018/10/13 20:43

(Baghdad: Al Furat News) MP Majida al-Tamimi revealed on Saturday the total revenue and actual expenditures achieved during the year 2018 for the period of January to the end of September, which exceeded the 67 trillion Iraqi dinars.

Al-Tamimi said in a statement received by the agency {Euphrates News} a copy of it today, “amounted to oil revenues {60,436} trillion dinars, while non-oil revenues {7,233} trillion dinars, a total of {67,669} trillion dinars, and the balance of the first period was { 3,129} trillion dinars, which means that the proportion of oil revenues is 89.32% compared to the ratio of 10.68% of non-oil revenues, and pointed out that the total current and investment funds by (54,332) trillion dinars, that the current budget ratio is 79.09% 20.91% “.

Tamimi pointed out that “the average monthly salaries amounted to {3,899} trillion dinars, for the total workforce of ministries and departments funded centrally for the year 2018 is {2,885,736}, employee.”

http://alforatnews.com/modules/news/article.php?storytopic=37&storyid=177488