BAGHDAD (Reuters) – US President Bill Clinton’s special envoy to Iraq, Brett McGröck, began a new round of consultations with various political parties in Baghdad, hoping to garner support for Iraqi Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi’s second term.
Negotiations between the various Iraqi parties are continuing under the pressure of the constitutional deadline announced by President Fuad Masum, setting the third of next month as the date of the elected parliament, which requires resolving the names of the candidates for the posts of Speaker of Parliament, Prime Minister and President of the Republic.
Although the weights are in favor of the political team supporting Abadi, another axis supported by Iran, is trying in various ways to push a different candidate for the post of prime minister.
Two Shiite rivals are competing for the post of prime minister, the first includes Moqtada al-Sadr, Abbadi and Ammar al-Hakim, while the second includes Nuri al-Maliki and Hadi al-Amiri.
The representatives of each party say they are the closest to forming the largest bloc, which has the right to nominate the prime minister.
The political divide is not limited to the Shiite component on the candidate for prime minister, with the possibility of fragmentation in the sky of the Sunni component, whose representatives are divided between two candidates for the post of speaker of parliament. The first is Anbar governor Muhammad al-Halbusi and the second is Iraqi Vice President Osama Najafi. The sources are talking about a third candidate, former Education Minister Mohammad Tamim.
“The Sunni axis, which is formed after the general election of 53 deputies, is currently threatened to disintegrate due to internal differences over the candidate for the presidency of the parliament,” political sources said.
The sources pointed out that the Sunni divide, may turn into an opportunity for any of the two Shiite parties competing for the post of prime minister, explaining that the two Shiite groups have extensive contacts with parties in the Sunni axis in the hope of attracting.
The leader of the Fatah alliance, Hadi al-Ameri, backed by Iran, held a meeting with the leader of the Arab project and the prominent leader of the Sunni axis Khamis al-Khangar, supported by Turkey and Qatar, to discuss the chances of building a joint alliance.
The sources said that “the dagger does not mind the alliance with Amiri, but prefers to delay in announcing this matter now.”
Contrary to the sharp divisions in Shiite and Sunni political circles, the Kurdish position seemed united, and many attempts to play on the contradictions of its internal forces were unsuccessful.
The two main Kurdish parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party led by Massoud Barzani and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), founded and headed by President Jalal Talabani for many years, formed a joint negotiating team for dialogue with Shiite and Sunni forces.
According to sources familiar with the scenes of the negotiations that the divisions that hit the Shiite and Sunni forces, prompted the Kurdish parties to raise the ceiling of their demands.
The Kurds are waiting for any of the rival Shiite factions to agree to their demands from the new government to declare their support.
The Kurds do not mind supporting Abbadi or his rival, Maliki, if either of them agrees to accept the demands.
The Kurds plan to reap wide gains during the negotiations, to reorganize the status of Kirkuk, which they lost control of in favor of Iraqi forces after the independence referendum, as well as ensure their share of the country’s public budget and obtain guarantees to allow them to export oil extracted from their regions independently.
Ebadi’s team believes there is not enough time to discuss all these demands, while al-Maliki leaks that all of them are ready to be approved.
Observers say that the Kurds will try to gain gains in the negotiations now facilitate the transition to a state later in response to their historic national dream, which puts the political parties Shiite and Sunni alike to the heavy responsibilities related to its intentions on the unity of the country.
Amid this sharp appeal, the Trump representative in Iraq is trying to persuade Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish political forces to stand behind Abbadi to get a second term.
Brett McGurk began a new round of talks, Tuesday, meeting with Vice President Osama Najafi, where the parties discussed “important files related to political developments and the nature of ongoing discussions between the political blocs to form the largest bloc.”
According to the sources, the US envoy will meet all parties that could engage in the project to support Abadi in Baghdad and Erbil, noting “an urgent American desire to resolve the file of the candidate for prime minister quickly.”
Observers point out that the US-Iran settlement is not possible this time, and that the conflict between the two sides in Iraq is clearer than ever before, signaling the end of the agreement that has prevailed over the past years.
An Iraqi observer said in a statement to the “Arabs” that the competition for the formation of the largest parliamentary bloc is being conducted by an alliance supported by the US and other supported by Iran, which marks the beginning of a silent war, many expected to be Iraq.
The observer confirms that each party is throwing all its weight in order to control the fate of Iraq, not at the level of the next four years, but on the future of Iraq, adding that “if the coalition wins al-Maliki, Iraq will be Iranian forever, which is not consistent with the nature The stage in which the United States imposed severe sanctions on Iran.
He did not rule out that the United States offered a reward to Iran at a time when it must pay for its interventions in the region, first and foremost the intervention in Iraq.
He notes that if the parties to the political conflict inside Iraq are declared, there are parties who are still not convinced of the seriousness of the US-Iranian divorce on Iraq, and that these parties are waiting for US direct orders to resolve their position, which will reveal the trends of the American Pendulum movement.