The full text of the briefing by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq Jan Kubic at the Security Council meeting in New York was received on Wednesday, 30 May 2018, as reported.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
I have the honor to submit the fourth report of the Secretary-General pursuant to resolution 2367 (2017) and the eighteenth report of the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 4 of resolution 2107 (2013) on the question of missing Kuwaiti and third- the missing.
Iraq on 12 May 2018 (within the constitutional deadlines) held parliamentary elections nationwide to elect the Iraqi Council of Representatives. Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi said after the polls closed that the country had held the elections on time, that people were able to cast their votes and their representatives freely and safely, and that liberated areas had witnessed a free ballot for the first time after the victory of Iraqi forces and a daunting defeat. “Our heroic forces have achieved a new victory by protecting the democratic process and citizens at the polling stations scattered throughout Iraq and foiled the attempts of terrorism to destabilize security and stability on this historic day that passed peacefully to all Iraqis,” he said.
On May 13, the Secretary-General congratulated the Iraqi people on holding parliamentary elections and said that after the military defeat suffered by Saddam, the elections represented new progress in building a more solid Iraqi democracy. He saluted the tireless efforts of those responsible for the electoral process, party agents and security forces to make the process very peaceful and organized.
In the aftermath of the elections, he congratulated the international partners, including the Governments of Kuwait, Qatar, Iran, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and the European Union, congratulating the Iraqi people, security forces and election officials on the peaceful conduct of the electoral process and pledged to work with the next Government to help provide Stability, security and prosperity for all Iraqis.
In total, 6986 candidates compete, including 2014 women (28.8%) over 329 seats (including 9 seats allocated to minorities, including 5 seats for Christians and seat for Sabean Mandaeans, Shabak, Yezidis and Fili Kurds). In total, 52,483 polling stations worked out of 52936 stations that were planned to operate, including 3,000 polling stations for displaced persons, both camp residents and local communities. The elections took place in a generally calm and stable atmosphere, despite some 47 security incidents recorded by the Mission, including improvised explosive device attacks, indirect mortar fire, small arms fire at polling stations and clashes between security forces and unidentified gunmen. These incidents occurred mainly in the provinces of Diyala, Kirkuk and Salahuddin, although incidents involving attacks with firearms and knives registered in the southern provinces. The organization has adopted some of these attacks, but its threat to disrupt the election has been frustrated by the efforts of the Iraqi security forces. It was further noted that, prior to the elections, the Mission recorded 18 reports of attacks against candidates from various political gatherings and in different parts of the country. The attacks resulted in the death of one of them and the injury of many.
Madam President, the
elections have been characterized by the participation of low, the Independent Electoral Commission announced the participation of (44.52%), ie 10.8 million out of 24.3 million eligible voters to vote, a significant decline compared with the previous electoral processes in Iraq after the year 2003 will also see The next parliament has undergone a dramatic transformation. According to the results of the parliamentary elections, fewer than 100 current deputies have secured a seat in the new House of Representatives. More than half of the electorate is determined not to exercise their democratic rights for many reasons, but in fact sends a strong signal to the elites ruling the country since 2003. It is a resounding cry to their representatives that they must finally be at the level of the people’s ambition, They place the interests of the Iraqi people and the Iraqi nation above partisan, sectarian, personal or factional interests. I urge Iraqi political elites to listen to that cry and draw the necessary conclusions about the need for a better and more equitable representation of all and accountability for democracy and good governance away from corruption, sectarianism, nepotism and nepotism.
candidates and parties have generally campaigned with respect and have been largely free of sectarian discourse or statements. I strongly condemn the slander campaigns that targeted the candidates in particular, where they were challenged for their dignity and reputation. They were also threatened with death, harassment and cyberbullying. The aim was one of undermining their participation in the political process and further restricting their political space. I urge the political parties and the entire Iraqi community to address such acts that serve only to undermine the democratic process. I met with a number of female candidates to discuss the situation and encourage them to continue their electoral campaigns regardless of the intimidation they faced. The Committee for Follow-up to the Electoral Charter of Honor, adopted by the political blocs and parties, facilitated by the mission, issued a statement calling for free and fair campaigns free from intimidation or encroachment on candidates, especially on women.
In spite of the defamation campaign, I am pleased to inform you that many of the candidates received a large number of votes on their political lists, and that about 19 candidates won their candidacy for Parliament. In the future, we expect that 25% of the 83 seats for women will represent the minimum threshold and not the upper limit for women’s seats.
As part of the mission’s efforts to advocate the promotion of effective participation and representation of women in the political process and decision-making process in Iraq during the elections and subsequent negotiations on forming a government, we launched the Digital Campaign # WhyNot. In the context of the campaign, short films were shown highlighting successful women and men who support women’s participation in political processes.
I urge political leaders to ensure the full participation of women in the negotiations for the formation of the next ruling coalition and the Government, and to represent them at the high levels of Iraq’s political structures and decision-making structures in parliament and the government, as promised by many political leaders during their election campaigns.
Following the closure of the ballot boxes, many Iraqi political leaders announced their support for the electoral process, including the prime minister and the president. They continue to urge timely and timely completion of complaints processes, as well as the ratification and acceptance of the results, the speedy formation of the new government within the constitutional timeframe and in line with the relevant legal procedures, the protection of the political process and the avoidance of constitutional vacuum. Some political forces and leaders, including Vice-Presidents and Speaker of the Parliament, have expressed concern about some of the technical shortcomings of electronic devices in counting votes, as well as reports of fraud and manipulation of votes, actual intimidation of voters by some armed formations and political interference. She criticized the Independent High Electoral Commission for failing to conduct a transparent and transparent electoral process that won the confidence of the people and to deal with complaints in a transparent manner. It called for the re-counting of votes in some governorates and the cancellation of the results of voting abroad and voting for displaced persons. After the House of Representatives failed several times to reach the quorum and amid questions about the legality of some of its decisions, the Council decided in an extraordinary session on 28 May, among other things, to ask the Electoral Commission to hand count of 10% of the ballot boxes, which may lead to Manual count for all ballot boxes in case of a 25% or more conflict. Prior to that meeting, 100 members of Parliament, including the President of the Council, submitted a letter to the Secretary-General requesting the intervention of the United Nations.
On May 24, at an extraordinary meeting to discuss allegations of election fraud, the Cabinet decided to set up a high commission to investigate election reports and documents. The Committee will make its recommendations to the Council of Ministers, the Supreme Judicial Council, the Federal Supreme Court and the Electoral Judiciary to take appropriate measures. Indeed, the High Commission referred the Electoral Commission to the Integrity Commission, a move rejected by the Electoral Commission as an interference in its independence.
Six Kurdish parties, namely the Change, the Kurdistan Islamic Union, the Kurdistan Islamic Group, the Islamic Movement in Kurdistan, the Coalition for Democracy and Justice, and the Kurdistan Communist Party questioned the credibility of the electoral process in the Kurdistan region and demanded a recount in the Kurdistan governorates. On the other hand, the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan announced their satisfaction with the election results and their intention to start a dialogue on building alliances with political parties in Baghdad.
In the province of Kirkuk – one of the hotbeds of tension with regard to complaints – the situation remains volatile, with the demand of most of the parties, Turkmen and Arab to re-count manually the results of the elections and the sit-in of their supporters on the stores where the ballot boxes.
On 17 May, the Electoral Commission called for urgent and serious action to address all complaints, including partial manual counting if necessary in selected areas, particularly in Kirkuk. And stressed the importance of taking such measures in full transparency and in the presence of the parties concerned in order to strengthen confidence in the process. It also appealed to all political parties to uphold peace and to continue to commit to resolving any electoral disputes through specific legal channels.
the Electoral Commission announced preliminary results on 19 May. UNHCR also published details on the number of complaints against the voting process. According to UNHCR records, a total of 1,438 complaints were received, 27 of them on voting outside the country, 139 on the special vote and 1272 on the day of the general vote. However, only 33 complaints were highly cautioned that they could have a significant impact on the results and required an in-depth investigation. As a result of these complaints, UNHCR decided to cancel the results of 134 voting stations in Anbar, 51 Ninewa, Salahuddin 11, Baghdad 26 and Erbil 30. Some 500 displaced people in Nineveh staged demonstrations against the resolution, saying their voices had been unjustly abolished. In addition, the Commission issued a resolution (No. 13/25 on 18 May 2018) canceling the results of 186 voting stations in Kirkuk, noting that these stations had difficulties in sending results to the UNHCR data center. In the same vein, the Board of Commissioners decided at its meeting on 18 May (UNHCR resolution 1/25 on 18 May 2018) to abolish 56 polling stations outside the country due to the delay in sending the results within the time limit set by the Commission.
We continue to urge all Iraqi political parties and their supporters to uphold peace while adjudicating electoral appeals through existing legal channels. I call on the Electoral Commission to continue to protect the integrity of all electoral materials and equipment, to cooperate fully and to comply with the decisions of the electoral judiciary, including possible measures to effectively address the complaints made by the parties concerned at a number of locations. We urge the independent electoral management bodies to resolve all appeals in a timely manner, in full and in a timely fashion, to enable correcting problems, achieving justice, and approving the final results of the elections in a timely manner.
I would also like to emphasize the readiness and availability of the electoral advice and expertise of the United Nations to support any activities and measures that may be required to maintain confidence in the process, including with regard to Kirkuk in the light of the upcoming provincial council elections throughout Iraq and the regional elections in the Kurdistan Region Later this year.
the post-election period is a crucial stage for Iraq. Based on the achievements of the present Government, we urge political leaders to give priority to a comprehensive non-sectarian dialogue and to ensure the rapid formation of a new genuine national Government that reflects the will of the people of Iraq. It is essential that the new government act as a transient entity of sectarian and ethnic divisions in pursuit of the much-needed political, economic and social reforms based on national principles, citizenship with equal rights, justice, equal opportunities for all, good governance while improving the economy, public service and social justice. On the basis of this approach, the new Government will ensure Iraq’s future as an independent, stable, prosperous, united, democratic and fully sovereign federal state with good and balanced relations with all its neighbors based on mutual respect, non-interference and common interests as a factor of stability, cooperation and prosperity in the region.
despite the defeat of the so-called authoritarian succession, the terrorist organization remains a threat. For example, on April 12, 20 people were killed and 4 wounded in a double attack with improvised explosive devices in the district of Sharqat, Salah ad Din province. On May 16, on the eve of the holy month of Ramadan, fighters opened fire indiscriminately at civilians in a funeral procession in Tarmiyah south of Salahaddin province, killing 12 people and injuring 25 others. On May 24, a terrorist bombing targeted a crowded park in Baghdad, where people left after breakfast, killing or injuring 20 people. Yesterday, a bomb exploded near a girls’ school in Diyala province, killing or injuring several people. These cowardly and indiscriminate attacks are intended only to inflict the greatest number of innocent civilian casualties. In addition, the explosives it reportedly planted continue to fuel civilian casualties, particularly in the provinces of Kirkuk, Nineveh and Anbar, as one of the unfortunate effects of the terrorist organization’s existence there previously.
As a result of these and other incidents, I regret to inform you that 144 civilians were killed and 236 injured from 1 April to 30 May. I would like to point out that civilian casualties in April represent the lowest number of civilian casualties in Iraq since UNMIK began publishing monthly figures in 2012, the lowest since the Human Rights Office began publishing public reports on human rights in Iraq in August 2005. However, I see no room for inaction and reiterate my support for the Iraqi authorities in their efforts to thwart terrorist attempts to destroy, destabilize and divide communities throughout Iraq and urge them to cooperate closely with citizens and communities in this regard.
the Iraqi security forces have put constant pressure on the rest of the pockets of a pre-emptive organization and its activities in northern, central and western Iraq in the past two months through successive security clearance operations. Building on the new foothold of the security forces in towns, villages and rural areas, these operations have expanded the participation of the Iraqi security forces on the ground and showed their determination and ability to pursue the remnants of the organization advocating, which led to the improvement of the security environment in general and the clearing of more settlements Civil and main roads of explosive remnants of war. These security operations have witnessed a number of notable successes, including the implementation of the security plan to commemorate the anniversary of the martyrdom of Imam Musa al-Kadhim in central Iraq in April and the effective security plan that covered all parts of Iraq during the parliamentary elections held in May. Among the post-election challenges will be the promotion of civil peace and calm during the process of forming the government, as well as ensuring the participation of the next government in the development of measures to reform and rehabilitate its security sector, which will strengthen the state’s control over this sector. Are of a criminal nature and are beyond the control of the State.
In an effort to combat the threat posed by the Western Sahara and the Syrian border, the Iraqi security forces maintained their presence on the Iraqi-Syrian border and carried out many purges west of Anbar province to locate and destroy terrorist cells. In the past few weeks, In coordination with the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic and the International Alliance against the organization. On May 15, Prime Minister Abbadi announced that the Iraqi intelligence service and the security services had arrested five senior leaders of a sympathetic organization.
On April 29, Qasim Da’eef al-Zubaidi, director-general of the Finance Directorate of the Popular Propaganda Authority, was attacked by unknown assailants outside his home in Baghdad, where he died the next day from his injuries.
Over the past few months, the Turkish army’s air strikes against alleged PKK targets near the Iraqi-Turkish border in northern Iraq, as well as limited ground operations in the Hawkurk area north of Erbil province, including strikes by Turkish forces The last on 15, 17, 18 and 21 May, where two Turkish soldiers were killed in the latest attack.
the negotiations aimed at promoting the normalization of relations between the federal government in Baghdad and the Kurdistan Regional Government in Erbil have largely ceased during the campaign phase. However, I am pleased to note the cancellation of several measures imposed on the Kurdistan region after the unilateral referendum on independence, including the reopening of the Erbil and Sulaymaniyah international airports. There is a need for further dialogue on civil servants’ salaries to resolve outstanding issues, including the management of oil and gas resources and revenues, the disputed internal boundaries as well as the status of Kirkuk. In this connection, reference was made to the announcement of the Federal Supreme Court on 6 May to postpone the hearing it had planned to hold on the legality of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Kurdistan Regional Government to export oil independently.
The mission led by my deputy for political affairs and electoral assistance held meetings with political parties and key political figures in the Kurdistan Region in the presence of representatives of the Electoral Commission and the police within the framework of the electoral charter of honor for the Kurdistan region. The last meeting was held in Erbil on 17 May to discuss concerns about the electoral process. During the meeting, my Deputy urged the parties to submit their complaints to the Electoral Commission and the Electoral Judiciary.
It should be noted that many of these parties have pledged to seek Kurdish representation with strong coordination in the House of Representatives and the federal government and the future to seek full implementation of the Constitution to address outstanding issues between Baghdad and Erbil.
On May 7, the Prime Minister of the Kurdistan region, Najirvan Barzani, called for the holding of regional elections on 30 September 2018. Due to the debate on the elections of the House of Representatives, the Electoral Commission for the elections in the Kurdistan region on 28 May, the adoption of electronic voting and counting devices. I therefore call upon the Parliament of the Kurdistan Region to take immediate action to pass the required electoral law, and I confirm that the Mission stands ready to provide advice and support to this electoral process in accordance with its mandate.
the recovery process involves the rebuilding of society, in addition to the reconstruction; has recently visited a number of historical and religious sites, particularly in the provinces of Nineveh and Salahuddin to express support for religious and cultural heritage rich and diverse , which abounds by the country, and the participation of the United Nations in a restored Post-organization calling.
With the establishment of security in the country and following the Kuwait International Conference for the Reconstruction and Development of Iraq in February 2018, Prime Minister Abadi launched on May 9 the National Development Plan for the years 2018-2022, which includes priorities for the framework of reconstruction and development for the years 2018-2027 and the poverty reduction strategy for 2018 2022.
In that context, the United Nations system in Iraq has embarked on the preparation of a new UNDAF for the years 2020-2024 to align its activities with the priorities of the new Government with a focus on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its goals for sustainable development. , Both the United Nations country team and the regional peer support group adopted the UNDAF roadmap and then began the data collection phase of the common country analysis. In the interim period, before the implementation of the new development assistance framework, the United Nations country team will focus its activities on the two-year United Nations Capacity-building Program for Crisis Response and Recovery designed to bring about a rapid social impact of the Government reconstruction program.
the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Reintegration Facility has continued its work to facilitate the return of displaced Iraqis, laying the foundations for reconstruction and recovery and ensuring that violence and extremism do not recur. This has been achieved through the re-linking of local communities to electricity distribution networks, the rehabilitation of drainage and drainage networks, roads and bridges and the provision of short-term employment opportunities through public works programs in areas that have been directly affected by SADC. The facility operates in 31 cities and administrative districts, particularly in Nineveh, Anbar, Salahaddin, Diyala and Kirkuk provinces through more than 2,100 restoration projects.
In the city of Mosul, where more than 700 projects are being implemented, work has been completed at Zahr and Al Sahrun Water Treatment Plants, raising the production capacity of treated water to serve about 500,000 people. In addition, the beautiful bridge was restored and two commercial districts in the city of Mosul were re-linked, enabling 4,500 vehicles to cross the bridge every day and contributing to the city’s 1.4 million inhabitants. Housing at the University of Mosul, which has been restored, now accommodates 1,000 students and is the only internal housing available to students at the university. In the Nineveh Plain, 880 housing units were completed. In Anbar province, 3,600 houses have been rehabilitated, providing accommodation for more than 25,000 people.
The humanitarian crisis in Iraq continues despite an increase in the number of families returning to their areas of origin. The displacement crisis peaked in April 2016 when 3.4 million people were forced to leave their homes. Two years later, more than 2.1 million people remain displaced and in need of humanitarian assistance. Funding for the provision of emergency support to the most vulnerable still remains at very low levels. As of 15 May, only $ 101 million of donor contributions out of the $ 569 million requested in the humanitarian response plan had been received (18%). I therefore appeal to the donor community to provide generous assistance to the people of Iraq, in recognition of the enormous burden that this people have borne on behalf of all of us in their heroic battle against a resounding organization and the great victory they have achieved.
The return of displaced families is still volatile. From March 31 to April 30, more than 75,000 people returned to four governorates, mainly Nineveh, Salahuddin, Kirkuk and Anbar. However, new and secondary displacements have been identified. For example, at the end of April, some 51,000 displaced persons returned to camps in Nineveh province, including 27,000 people displaced by secondary displacement. The main causes of secondary household displacements are the lack of basic services and livelihood opportunities in their areas of origin as well as security concerns and the proliferation of explosives.
The Iraqi Government’s Mine Action Directorate, with the support of Member States, is making progress in its efforts to increase the number of agencies involved in the clearance of explosive ordnance in Iraq. Four international non-governmental organizations are now in the process of operational activities in Iraq, including in under-served areas such as Kirkuk, Sinjar and Tall Afar. In addition, the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) and the Government of Iraq have increased their destruction rates for explosive ordnance, in particular the removal of IEDs at the Falluja railway bridge in order to allow for UNDP rehabilitation work. I would like to particularly salute Shim courage, steadfastness and humanity demonstrated by those highly skilled workforce in mine clearance and that remove suicide explosive belts are unstable from the human remains in the old town of Mosul has about 200 belt number reached since the beginning of the year 2018
in In April, the first committees for the return of displaced persons were established in Anbar, Kirkuk and Salahuddin governorates to facilitate the dignified return of displaced persons and with the full cooperation of them. Similar committees are expected to be formed soon in the provinces of Baghdad and Nineveh. These committees are composed of representatives of the Government, NGOs and the United Nations and are designed to ensure that the return of displaced persons is voluntary, safe and dignified, as well as to meet the needs of the remaining displaced persons in the camps by resettling them in other camps with better services and fewer violations Protection measures, and accessible by humanitarian actors.
During the recent electoral process, I regret to inform the Council that humanitarian partners have recorded several suspected cases of politicization of humanitarian assistance in camps throughout the country, which are alleged to have been committed by law enforcement and local humanitarian personnel.