Is a kingdom that was the first country to be established in the city of Assyria in northern Mesopotamia. And expanded in the second millennium BC. And extended north to the cities of Nineveh, Nimrod and Khorsabad. King Shamshi ruled the city of Assyria in 1813 BC. Hamorabi king of Babylon seized Assyria in 1760 BC. However, the Assyrian king Shalmanser captured Babylon and defeated the Mitani in 1273 BC. Then Assyria took over Babylon again in 1240 BC. In 1000 BC. The Arameans seized Assyria. But the Assyrians took over Phenicia in 774 BC. He was photographed in 734 BC. And Samaria in 721 BC. Sargon II captured the Jews in Jerusalem in 701 BC. In 686 BC. The Assyrians destroyed the city of Babylon and ruled Egypt (671 BC-651 BC). The Babylonians rebelled against the rule of the Assyrians and defeated them with the help of Media in 612 BC. The Assyrians launched their campaigns against Syria, Turkey and Iran.
The kingdom of Assyria was a military state based on slaves. And had architectural achievements and statues, especially the winged bull statues that were held in front of the royal palace. The walls are decorated with carvings battles and fishing trips. And between 883 BC. And 612 BC. It established an empire from the Nile to the Caucasus. The Assyrian king, who was obsessed with the humiliation of kings, forced his kings to come to his capital and to work in harsh conditions to build his palaces in Nineveh, and the last king of Assyria, called Ashur Ubalit, who established the headquarters of Assyria. A temporary leadership in Harran (the Euphrates island) after the fall of Nineveh in the hands of the Babylonians (led by Nabo Polazzar Chaldean) trying to delay the mass slaughter of the Assyrian people. The Assyrians wrote the cuneiform script that was written on clay tablets. The most famous of its manuscripts is the epic of Gilgamesh in which the flood was first reported. Their science was linked to agriculture and Sumerian numerology, known as the 1960s, and knew that the circle was 60 degrees. They also knew fractions, square, cube and square root. And they set forth in the ark, and calculated the circumference of five planets, and had their lunar calendar, and divided the year for months and months for days. Today they had 12 hours and 30 minutes. The Assyrian Panipal Library was one of the most famous libraries in the ancient world.
The Assyrian empire is at its most extreme
The Assyrian kingdom was a military state based on slaves, with architectural achievements and statues, especially the winged bull statues that were erected in front of the royal palace. The walls were decorated with battle patterns and hunting trips. And between 883 BC. And 612 BC. The Assyrian Empire, which was obsessed with the love of kings, forced its kings to come to its capital and work in harsh conditions to build His palace in Nineveh, and the last Assyrian kings called Assyria Ubalit, who established a temporary headquarters in Harran (the island of Euphrates) after the fall of Nineveh in the hands of the Babylonians led by Nabo Polzer the Chaldean trying to delay the mass slaughter of the Assyrian people. The writing of the Assyrian script was written on clay tablets, and the most famous manuscripts of the epic Gelgamash, which contained the flood for the first time. They knew that the circle was 60 degrees, as they knew the fractions, square, cube and square root. They advanced in the ark and calculated the circumference of five planets. They had their lunar calendar and divided the year for months and months for days. Today they had 12 hours. And 30 minutes. The library of King Ashur Panipal was one of the most famous libraries in the ancient world, where all the tablets were collected from various libraries in his country.
The Assyrians are the Akkids who grew up in the northern region of the Tigris River basin, after emigrating from Babylon during the Akkadian period. The Assyrians mixed with the mountainous peoples of the Hittites and Hauris and enslaved the Arameans (the Akhalamo and Nabat tribes) and the Uribi or Arab tribes (the tribes of Qedar, Qaidam, Jandbo, Saba and Sumoudi) and Chaldeans.
The coins used in Assyria were coins made of silver. In Anatolia coins were made of tin, gold was never banned from Assyria, and copper, silver and gold were imported from Anatolia, where the Karum network, (Kültepe currently in Turkey). At most, tin, which was traded in Assyria and exported to Anatolia, originated from the east, probably from Uzbekistan. The textile industry was important in Assyria, but it imported some of the inferior textiles from Babylon. While the basic textile centers located in Ur, Larsa and Mary were under the control of the temple or palace, the textile industry in Assyria was not subject to centralized supervision. And wool was imported from Anatolia sometimes when prices were rising in Assyria
The Kingdom of Assyria also exported textiles mainly in the central state. Long-distance trade, with written certificates, was limited to “upper class”, operated with luxury goods and did not play an important role in the economy, according to Faist. His job was to secure welfare materials, but they also played the role of diplomatic representatives. Trade in the west was mainly through Carchemish and Iimar, and there were also some sporadic evidence of wine trade with Ugaris, apparently, while trade with ancient Egypt was where Sidon played an important role.
Agriculture and animal husbandry
“Faist” describes the central Assyrian community of agriculture. Agriculture was essentially a self-sufficiency factor, and the surplus of production poured into the financing of the temple, the footpath of the king and the army. Garelli distinguishes between three types of ownership
Land owned by the Crown
Crown lands that some people invest
It was possible to sell the land as evidenced by the large collection of legal documents, but it is uncertain whether this applies to all types of land. The purchase was also written in writing (“ṭuppa dannata”). Animal husbandry was important, The Badia was also doing the “Soti” and the horses would be imported from the highlands. In the opinion of Faist, since the time of the Middle Kingdom, olive oil was imported. Beer was an important beverage and it was assumed that the wine was imported from Syria (from Carchemish and Ugarit) and was the preserve of the “elite” since the 13th century. Q: Making wine in the Khabur basin? Also, honey was also imported. In Assyria itself, it made a kind of concentrated sweet juice (called “Lal”).
The form of brick is the main building material, and the wood was brought for use in the huge building ceilings of palaces and temples. Evidence of this has been found since the time of the first Tukolty-Abel-Ishara, where the cedar wood from Amanus and Lebanon was brought either as war booty or tribute The Joshoro wood was brought from Mukherri, a location most likely to be located between the Tigris and the Upper Zab to be used for the construction of the first Tukolty-Ninurta palace. The limestone and limestone were found in Assyria itself, while basalt and alabaster were imported.
In 616 BC, Nabou Belaasser, 625-606 BC, was the ruler of Babylon and founder of the modern Babylonian state with the help of the Medes. Assyria was conquered in 614 BC in the reign of the second son of Assyria Banipal. 612 BC This was the end of the Assyrian political presence.
The expansion of the Assyrian state was one of the most important reasons that led to its end.
Baghdad / .. Revealed a member of the Finance Committee parliamentary Majda Tamimi, on Thursday, the overcoming of many obstacles to the adoption of the general budget.
“The financial committee is continuing to hold a series of meetings to listen to the requests of the political blocs,” Tamimi said in a statement received by “Iraq News”, indicating that “the meetings also continue with the advanced cadres of the Ministries of Finance and Planning in the presence of the Prime Minister.”
Tamimi said that “the Finance Committee also met with the first and second deputies to the Speaker of the House of Representatives in the presence of the heads of political blocs and a number of deputies representing various provinces,” noting that “everyone agreed to overcome controversial articles and accelerate the legislation of the general budget of the country.”
And stressed the “overcome many of the obstacles to the adoption of the budget during these meetings,” pointing out that “things are going well towards the adoption of the budget.” Finished
The World Bank has approved a new $ 210 million project that will help improve the quality of drinking water and sanitation services in water-scarce Baghdad and the spread of diseases transmitted by it, due to poor infrastructure, rapid population growth and an influx of displaced people.
The World Bank said in a statement that about five million residents of the Iraqi capital will benefit from the project, which will be implemented in conjunction with the Municipality of Baghdad and the departments of water and sewage in the city.
“Baghdad will need huge investments in drinking water and sewage treatment systems over the next 20 years,” said Saruj Kumar Jha, regional director of the Mashreq World Bank.
The World Bank said the project would fund the construction of a service tank with a total capacity of 135,000 cubic meters, helping the city manage water supply better in the event of drought caused by climate change. The project will rehabilitate existing sewage pumping stations, thereby reducing the overall health effects of untreated sewage discharged into the Tigris River.
The project will also contribute to reducing material losses by replacing some 130 kilometers of drinking water network pipes and establishing water flow meters in all areas of Baghdad.
Residents of the capital suffer daily drinking water shortages, especially during the hot summer months. Baghdad is one of the provinces affected by the spread of water-borne diseases. The leakage of sewage pipes leads to contamination of drinking water and groundwater systems, exacerbating health and environmental problems.
Baghdad’s population has risen by 45 percent in three years, according to the capital’s municipality, but the infrastructure is inadequate as well as affected by wars and sanctions suffered by the country.
“All the political parties need the Kurds for the upcoming elections and will meet all their demands,” an advisor to the President of the Republic said on Thursday, reassuring the citizens of the Kurdistan Region that the new round of negotiations between Erbil and Baghdad will have good results.
And started a new round of talks between the Kurdistan Region and the Iraqi government has been holding two meetings so far and during which the announcement of positive results as well as there is currently in the region a number of Iraqi audit committees working to audit the salaries of regional staff to be sent salaries after completion of the work of the committees.
In this regard, the adviser to President Abdullah Aliawi said that the negotiations that began between Arbil and Baghdad is a “very good” and that the delegations of Baghdad came to check the payrolls of the staff of the region, stressing that if these commissions good for the citizens of the region, it is very positive and will have results Positive that the solution to problems is not only through dialogue, as he put it.
He added that any step in this direction and to improve the living conditions of citizens is “very good”, expressing the hope that the two parties will reach an agreement and solve the outstanding problems through dialogue.
“Twilight News” received the Prime Minister Haider Abadi, a proposal from deputies Cord concerning the salaries of staff of the region.
Abadi met today in the Iraqi parliament with the heads of the Kurdish blocs and the Finance Committee to discuss the comments submitted on the budget.
“The meeting focused on the salaries of the staff of the region and the opening of airports and the share of the province of the budget.”
He added that the Kurdish blocs handed Abadi a proposal to spend the salaries of health and education staff for about 3 months until the completion of the audit of the lists of employees. ”
A second round of talks between Abadi and Kurds is scheduled for Saturday evening.
The Kurdish blocs announced boycotting the meetings of approving the budget until the inclusion of its observations, stressing the guarantee of 17% of them to the Kurdistan Region.
The adoption of the budget objections by the Kurds to reduce the proportion allocated to them from 17 percent as decided by the budgets of the past years to 12.67 during the current year, which is one of the measures taken by the federal government against the authorities of the Kurdistan region following a referendum on the separation on September 25 last.
For their part, the Sunni MPs demand the allocation of funds to return the displaced and enable them to participate in the next general elections.
The southern oil-producing provinces of Basra, Thi Qaromisan and Wasit are also demanding $ 5 per barrel of oil produced.
The total value of the general budget of Iraq for the year 2018 amounted to about 85.33 trillion dinars (71.65 billion dollars) deficit of 22.78 trillion dinars (19.13 billion dollars).
The documents revealed the draft budget law on reducing the share of the Kurdistan region of the total budget from 17% to 12.67%, allocated for current expenditures and investment projects in the provinces of the region.
The budget included a price of 43.4 dollars per barrel of oil, with a capacity of 3.89 million barrels to top oil revenues and mineral wealth revenues close to 73 trillion Iraqi dinars (70 billion dollars).
Abbadi had previously described the budget of 2018 as an austerity directed to reduce government expenditures for presidencies and ministries and to secure wages and salaries of state employees.
Shafaq News / The Ministry of Finance and Economy in the Kurdistan Regional Government, the distribution of a new meal of salaries constitute the employees of four ministries.
The ministry published a schedule for the distribution of salaries, starting on Sunday 4/2/2018, and will be allocated to the distribution of salaries of employees of the Ministry of Health, to be followed on Monday, the distribution of salaries of employees of the Ministry of Municipalities and Tourism.
According to the table, which was seen by the twilight news, on Tuesday, 6/2/2018, was allocated to the distribution of salaries of justice and culture staff, to be distributed on Wednesday salaries of employees of the Public Security Foundation.
The ministry concluded its schedule on Thursday, in which the salaries of Security Council personnel will be distributed.