Has the war between Syria and Iraq really come to an end?

11/1/2018 12:00 am

Patrick Cockburn / translation / Anis al – Saffar
spent the greatest part of last year and I prepared reports Hsarin, the siege of the city of Mosul in Iraq and the siege of the city of Raqqa in Syria that ended Alhsaran finally decisive defeat for the organization «Daesh». This was the most significant and important event in the Middle East in 2017, although many people have since begun to forget the extent of the danger they were “calling” and succeeding at the height of the organization’s power, even as it descended towards its final fall.
Not long ago, “This organization impose their will on vast areas of western Iraq and eastern Syria equivalent in terms of capacity of Britain.
Da’ash, along with other organized terrorist groups, have been leading news bulletins every few months with atrocities ranging from Manchester to Kabul and from Berlin to the African Sahara.
This organization still retains the ability to kill civilians (it is enough to look at the events of Sinai and Afghanistan in the last few weeks), but it no longer has the power of the centrally organized state, the force that then made it dangerous and violent.
This defeat is a sign that the time may have come to an end to the war cycle that has been operating in Iraq since 2003 and in Syria since 2011.
On the battlefield of Iraq and Syria, The lines of many conflicts have been intertwined. Until the end of these overlapping crises, chaos and confusion have been created. However, the situation has created victors and defeated people who have taken the lead today, and they will redraw the image of the region and define its features for decades to come.
The exaggerated warnings about the possibility of a “resurgence” of al-Qaeda and al-Qaeda in the region, or their disintegration and turning them into a new strike that is no less lethal and dangerous, ignore the depth of the changes that have taken place over the past few years.
The extremists have lost their support for their regions, and their enemies today are much stronger than they were, and from this point of view, the resurgence of a “state of haste” and its return becomes a real impossibility.
Despite this, he did not follow the defeat of the “stronghold” in the strongholds of the stronghold manifestations of joy expected, and part of the reason is that people have not yet realized that the snake really died and still have a fear that they do not blame him to be able to “kill” the killing of more people in the Scratches.
During the months of October and November I was in Baghdad, which now has a lower limit than the violence in
Compare what is now happening to about 3,000 people who lost their lives monthly in the capital alone during the peak of sectarian violence between 2006 and 2007 by bombings or
At the time, young Iraqis were turning to tattooing their bodies as a sign of being identified in the event of being killed and maimed to limits beyond recognition.
Eighteen months ago, a bomb hidden in a truck in the Karrada district killed at least 323 people, so one can understand the caution of the people of Baghdad to rush to victory.
Still, there are good hopes that the period of wars and emergencies that have endured Iraq for the past 40 years has come to an end. Today there are no longer internal insurgent movements fueled by foreign countries.
Outside the borders of Iraq, the arch of the Middle East, extending north between Iran and the Mediterranean, appears to have had influence across Iraq, Syria and Lebanon, and has begun to tend to stability.
The new Middle East region of Qalqilya is far away in the south of the Arabian Peninsula, where the situation is rapidly escalating in 2017. The
war in Yemen, which ended in a dead end, is today the most bloody and brutal one in the region, where eight million Yemenis The danger of starvation due to the siege imposed by
Saudi Arabia.
There are also more than a million cases of possible cholera, the most widespread disease in recent history.
The destabilization of the Arabian Peninsula stems mostly from the pre-emptive policies, both external and internal, of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, those policies that made Saudi Arabia, once known as the most conservative and conservative, playing card in the region that is difficult to predict.
Some of his steps may seem superficial and hasty, but others were more serious.
There is no doubt that Mohammed bin Salman felt the winds of change were blowing in his favor when President Trump visited Saudi Arabia last May, but only two things went as
Trump delighted the hearts of his Saudi hosts by blaming all Middle East problems for Iran, but US policy of antagonizing Iran remained within rhetoric
The Saudi-imposed blockade of Qatar was the most important initiative the kingdom had taken in the Gulf, but it did not do much for it or for the UAE, except that the move prompted Qatar to come closer to Turkey and Iran.
On the Saudi coast overlooking the Red Sea, Sudan is considering withdrawing its force from Yemen, which is a significant proportion of the size of the ground forces of the
Saudi alliance .
The United States and Western European countries deal with Saudi Arabia as a dominant regional power, and their motives are linked to interests as they clearly desire to continue selling arms to the kingdom and its other Gulf allies.
But events in the Arabian Peninsula over the past year have been a living proof of a general fact about oil states: money can gain them power and influence to a certain extent, but their operational capabilities remain much lower than they think.
This applies to Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Iraq, and even Iraq’s Kurdistan, to some extent betrayed by its wisdom and made it aspire to become another new Emirate of the rich oil emirates.
Recent history shows what can be taken as a general rule for these countries: the possession of huge financial revenues derived from the sale of oil and gas and other natural resources such as minerals produces only arrogance and unbridled ambition leading to self-destruction.
Common anecdotes about Idris , the king of Libya , said that when he told him in the sixties that the oil companies found oil in his country , said: «How I wished you found any water, because the water pushes people to work while oil pushes people to indulge in dreams.»
May look like this The phrase is too simple to be naïve, but everything that has happened in the Middle East and North Africa over half a century has confirmed its realism.
Oil money can not do more than provide expensive modern weapons, but it can not win a war, and that is what we saw in
(Money) is able to buy allies who offer only the minimum of what is required of them, and as soon as the money runs out until their loyalty ends.
The good news for us in 2018 is that the two wars in Iraq and Syria may have already ended, and this is not only good for the Iraqis, the Syrians and their neighbors, but what happened in the region will soon have repercussions and repercussions throughout the land, Iraq in 2003 al-Qaeda into an all-out movement that eventually resulted in that group of barbaric gunmen dressed in the so-called devil’s name.
Whatever the events of the world in 2017, the destruction of a “happy state” alone is enough to make it a happy year.
For the magazine “Counter Panch” American


US Urges Kurdish Political Parties on Remaining United


US Urges Kurdish Political Parties on Remaining United

ERBIL — The United States has expressed concern over the relations between various Kurdish political parties, urging the sides to maintain unity and help find a solution to the political deadlock between Erbil and Baghdad.

Speaking to reporters in the embassy on Wednesday, Ambassador to Iraq, Douglas Silliman, urged the Kurdish factions to stay unified at the face of challenges.

He also welcomed the idea of Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) taking part in the upcoming Iraqi elections through a unified list.

The American envoy revealed that he is scheduled to meet with the Iraqi officials soon to encourage them to kickstart dialogue with the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG).

He also urged the Iraqi central government to pay the salaries of KRG’s public servants as Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi had promised.



for the first time since late 2014 .. Oil exceeds $ 70

For the first time since late 2014 .. Oil exceeds $ 70
 Twilight News    
 13 minutes ago

Oil prices broke the $ 70 a barrel barrier for the first time since late 2014 on Thursday despite warnings that the 13% rise since early December is nearing an end.

Brent crude was above $ 70 at 4:45 GMT, before retreating to $ 69.1.

Investors’ sentiment was boosted by a surprise drop in US production and a decline in US crude stocks, according to official data on Wednesday.

Data from the US Energy Information Administration showed on Wednesday crude stocks fell nearly 5 million barrels in the week ending January 5 to 419.5 million barrels.

The US Energy Information Administration said US oil production also fell 290,000 barrels per day to 9.5 million bpd despite expectations that production would exceed the 10 million bpd barrier.

The decline is expected to be short-lived, and the reason for the decline is likely to be due to severe cold weather, which has halted some North American land-based production.

The UAE Energy Minister and current OPEC president, Suhail Al Mazrouei, said he expected the crude market to be balanced in 2018 and that the organization was committed to its agreement to cut supplies by the end of the year.

Production cuts led by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and Russia are supporting prices. The cuts began in January last year and are scheduled to continue until the end of 2018.



US Ambassador: Iraq will achieve the desired democracy

Release date: 2018/1/11 13:09


US ambassador to Baghdad, Douglas Silliman, said Thursday that the upcoming elections in Iraq will contribute to achieving the desired democracy, as he put it.

“The elections will help achieve the desired democracy,” said Sileman, who is visiting Basra province at a news conference. “There will be a conference for the reconstruction of Iraq in Kuwait next month.”

The governor of Basra, As’ad al-Eidani, received this morning, the US ambassador to Iraq, Douglas Seelman, and discussed with him economic relations.

The US ambassador to Iraq, Douglas Seelman, stressed on Wednesday that his country with the Iraqi elections on schedule, stressing the need to return the largest number of displaced people to their homes before the next election.


Planning with the United Nations signed an agreement to develop the private sector

Editorial Date: 2018/1/11 13:25

{Baghdad: Al-Furat News} Ministry of Planning signed with the United Nations Development Program, the Convention on the implementation of the strategy of private sector development.

A statement issued by the ministry received a copy of the Ministry of Planning for Technical Affairs Maher Hammad Johan said after signing the agreement with the country director of the United Nations program in the Middle East Mounir Thabet, “We continue to cooperate with the United Nations Development Program, Many programs “.

“This is a national strategy that is not a strategy of the Ministry of Planning, which was prepared by sectoral bodies and in partnership with international bodies represented by the United Nations and the United Nations Development Program,” he added, adding that “this issue is a sequential part of these programs, which we share in the implementation of the strategy of developing the private sector.” Approved by the Council of Ministers in 2014 “.

He explained that “this strategy has been initiated by the mandate of the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers by the Ministry of Planning represented by its sectoral departments of the Department of Economic and Financial and private and other services.”

“The strategy was prepared in a situation where the country was quite different, but one thought that this sector should play a key role in building the country in development, partnership and economic diversification in general,” Johann said.

“Today, we are in dire need of the role of the private sector to match the reality of our words,” he said, noting that “this strategy includes key axes that go to the private sector at a clear pace for the country and the surrounding countries encourage it to engage in real economic development.”

He pointed out that “the issue is mainly related to the private sector in order to absorb the bulk of the expected unemployment as a result of the cessation of employment opportunities provided by the State to the public sector, so this is an important part of the fact that it is reflected in many categories too.

Undersecretary of the Ministry of Planning, “We must find these graduates a place in the labor market with the need to be partners in development and beneficiaries or winners of every framework of economic development experienced by the country.”

He expressed the hope that “this partnership or the agreement through which we have put our hands on the right path for implementation,” noting that “the objective of this agreement is to provide a framework of cooperation to facilitate coordination between the parties and on a general basis in the areas of common interest and does not accordingly include any executive program or Financial obligations of the parties “.

“The objective of the project for UNDP is to monitor and evaluate the implementation of the PSD strategy. The Ministry of Planning is to provide funding and technical arrangements for the implementation of the PSDS in Iraq,” he said.

For his part, said the country director of the United Nations Development Program in the Middle East, “The Convention is an initial framework for cooperation between the United Nations Development Program and the Iraqi government on the implementation of the strategy of private sector development, and believes and a comprehensive conviction that there is special importance to the private sector in Iraq Job opportunities The challenge of job creation may be the biggest challenge in post-liberation Iraq. ”

“The big challenge is the economic advancement, which should be a comprehensive development that includes all citizens, especially young people who unfortunately have not been able to enter the labor sector enough to meet their wishes and ambitions, there must be a role for the private sector.”

He explained that “the development of the private sector and its development is part of the strategy of the Ministry of Planning,” stressing “its readiness to cooperate with the Ministry to implement this strategy. The important role for us is to support the ministry in developing a framework to help the Ministry to monitor the implementation of this strategy. Gives him the facts and this briefly represents the nature of cooperation that will happen between the Ministry of Planning and the United Nations Development Program {undp}. ”


Urgent : Abadi intends to launch his bloc (Victory) in isolation from the rule of law

Release date: 2018/1/11 8:14

(Baghdad: Al-Furat News) revealed a source familiar with the intention of Prime Minister Haider Abadi, the launch of his electoral bloc to participate alone in isolation from the coalition of state law and the Islamic Dawa party to which he belongs.

The source said that “Abadi intends to launch his national electoral bloc in the name of (Victory) cross-sectarian.”

“A large number of bloc and coalition candidates are seeking to join the bloc, including volunteers who have fought,” he said, referring to the popular crowd.

The source pointed out that “Abbadi stipulated the candidates in the coalition bloc to refrain from quotas in government sites, and called for the selection of professional candidates and goes to the participation of young people to build a promising future,” pointing out that “the list of national Abadi include all Iraqi provinces and Iraqi women occupies a privileged position In the list “.

The deputy in the coalition of the rule of law Rehab Abouda, said last Monday that “Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi and coalition leader Nuri al-Maliki, will run separately.”

The slave told the {Euphrates News}, that “the rule of law resolved to run the elections in two lists headed by Abadi and the other headed by al-Maliki.”

Predictions in recent months have led to the separation of Abadi and Maliki – members of the Islamic Dawa Party and the State of Law Coalition – in the last elections.

Maliki, who is currently Vice President of the Republic, denied his desire to “postpone the elections or seek the formation of an emergency government after the removal of Abbadi,” stressing “his positions with the holding of elections on schedule and everything that is published contrary.”