After the success of the liberation operations in Mosul, Tal Afar and Hawija, and then the end of the battle against the Kurdish forces in Kirkuk and other areas, Iraqi forces went to the west of Anbar province to succeed in recovering the cities of Rawa, Aana and Al Qaim.
On December 9, the Iraqi Prime Minister, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces Haider al-Abbadi announced the final victory over the organization of «Da’ash» terrorist:
“Your land has been completely liberated and your cities and villages have been returned to the homeland, and the dream of liberation has become a reality and a king of the hand,” he said in an official address to the Iraqi people. War against the corrupt
And this matter needs to discuss the future of Iraq; through its leading leaders who should benefit from the experience of the past years, and this research can not be done without accounting for corrupt and spoilers and robbers and losers, who work for the benefit of foreign agendas, and Abadi expressed his determination to wage a very large war against Corrupt and corrupt. But there are many questions about the extent of Abadi’s ability to succeed in his war against the corrupt, which he described as more difficult than the war on the organization of “urging” on more than once: these answers will be clear through the actions of Abadi expected against them.
Decreased sectarian voices
The success achieved by the security forces in the expulsion of the organization «Dahesh» of the Iraqi territory in 2017, in addition to the soft policy, followed by Abbadi in all his steps to the decrease of sectarian voices, which was exploiting any event to raise its voice for the purpose of the division between the Iraqi people one . The sectarian voice no longer resonates with the majority of Iraqis, and this pleased the people of Mesopotamia, who were upset by those voices, which were one of the main reasons that led to the deterioration of Iraq in various fields. The voices of sectarianism found that their voice is no longer intolerable by the general Iraqi people; therefore, they tried to change their voice or change their tone by following the national discourse and claiming to fight administrative and financial corruption, although the majority of these voices are involved in very large corruption files. Iraqis who have begun looking for new and clean voices may help rid them of sectarian stalemate. Observers predict that the sectarian discourse in Iraq will be resolved in the coming months, even though it represents the popular goods of some political politicians who have gone bankrupt. Find a market Acceptable to the Iraqi people. If those expectations are correct, Iraq’s future will be better without these sectarian voices.
Return of IDPs
One of the positive things witnessed in 2007 in Iraq is the return of hundreds of thousands to their homes in the governorates of Diyala, Salah al-Din, Nineveh, Anbar and Kirkuk. However, this return did not lead to the closure of this large file. Some families are still displaced in other governorates; And this is a very sensitive issue, and it needs great wisdom to be resolved, because its neglect may lead to sectarian, political and tribal conflicts in some areas.
On the other hand, the file of the reconstruction of cities liberated from the control of the «Daqash», which has been the destruction of a very large did not start so far, and the Iraqi government is waiting for the assistance of the international community in this file; because it does not have the potential for the ages of these cities; As a result of the war or devastation, carried out by the terrorist organization against all those who were not supported by the inhabitants of those cities during its control.
Evolution of the political track
The year 2017 witnessed a major development in the political process of the political process or in Iraq’s relations with the countries of the world. Some of the European heads of state and some heads of European governments visited Iraq, including the British Prime Minister Teresa Mae, ; When Saudi Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir visited Baghdad and met with Iraqi officials, while Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Al-Abbadi visited Saudi Arabia twice this year. The establishment of the Coordinating Council between Iraq and Saudi Arabia was signed there, To Iraq. Abadi also visited the UAE, Jordan, Egypt, Turkey, Iran, France and the United States of America. All these visits aimed to restore Iraq to its normal position as an important and influential country in the events taking place in the region.
Demonstrations demanding the change of the Electoral Commission
Also witnessed the year 2017, a lot of demonstrations, carried out by the supporters of the Sadrist movement, as well as the civil trend, which called for the change of the former Electoral Commission, and the selection of another commission instead, and it was already; but after long delays between the political blocs, Others demand the need to fight corruption and corrupt.
The greatest risk
Despite the fact that Iraq is getting rid of the most important files, which is the elimination of the organization «Daqsh», but this does not give much security to the Iraqis, if not eliminate all manifestations of armed in the country and arms only by the state, and this was confirmed by the government of Abadi; All resolve to disarm all weapons outside the control of the State; but there is fear of the refusal of some armed factions to comply with the call of the government, and hand over its weapons to the Iraqi state.
If weapons remain in the hands of some armed factions, this weapon may become a tool to suppress the freedom of Iraqis, especially since next year will witness the holding of local and parliamentary elections at the same time. If the Abadi government succeeds in disarming all non-state actors, Iraq will go beyond one of the most dangerous files.
The death of Talabani
The most prominent events in the year 2017 is the death of former Iraqi President Jalal Talabani in Germany after long suffering with the disease. His funeral procession in the city of Sulaymaniyah caused a crisis between Baghdad and Erbil after the flag of the region was placed on his body instead of the Iraqi flag.
Kurdistan referendum .. Enter the region in distress
The referendum, which President of the Kurdistan region Masoud Barzani insisted on on 25 September this year, can be considered the second most important event in Iraq in 2017; because this referendum paved the way for the re-establishment of national unity of Iraq and give the Iraqi federal government the opportunity; To correct the course of the political process as a whole as well as correct how to deal with the Kurdistan region and return to the obedience of the government, having been unique in many of the issues and tasks that were not approved by the Constitution, the most important: the process of oil export, and control of border crossings, in addition to his control of airports Erbil And Sulaymaniyah.
The failure of the Kurdistan region to achieve the dream of secession from the unified Iraq, has led to correct the course of the political process in Iraq as a whole; because this failure has placed all those who wish to tear the unity of Iraq in front of the status quo, that this country can not be divided under the current Constitution in force; The Federal Court issued a decisive and binding decision for all on the referendum on secession, in which it affirmed that there is no constitutional provision to allow any component or part of Iraq to separate from a unified Iraq. This decision made all those seeking to form small states of united Iraq very shocked; Those failed The constitution makes it a condition that any constitutional amendment if rejected by two-thirds of the population of three Iraqi provinces will be considered without value. Constitutional, and these three provinces exist at all major components of Iraq.
Iraq is returning to the Arabs and is looking to get rid of Iranian hegemony
The events of 2017 witnessed a great approach from Iraq to its Arab brothers, after a long break that began from the former Iraqi regime occupying Kuwait in 1990 and then subjected to occupation and then passing through the stability phase. So that there is no longer a speech directed by some Iraqi political figures and parties against some Arab countries. On the other hand, the Arab countries also began to feel that their departure from Iraq was incorrect, and led to the spread of Iranian influence in many of its joints.
The year 2017 witnessed more than one senior Arab official visiting Iraq and urging his government to be supportive of the Arab orientations. One of the most important Arab officials who visited Baghdad was the secretary-general of the Arab League Ahmed Aboul Gheit, who stressed on more than one occasion the need to preserve Iraq’s territorial integrity and people. , And expressed the Arab League’s strong rejection of the referendum in the Kurdistan region and his attempts to secede from Iraq. The same year also witnessed a great breakthrough in relations between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Mutual trust between the two countries has been restored. There are many projects and steps to be taken by the two countries in the new year.
Therefore, in the new year, Iraq must increase its rapprochement with its Arab brothers and in all fields. The Arabs should also welcome the proximity of Iraq to them and embrace it again after it became clear to all. The loss of the Arabs to Iraq was a loss for them, To his Arab brethren made him subjected to all the great tremors that almost destroyed him and his unity, and torn him into small and rival states with each other.
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