The price of separation … the economic fall of Kurdistan and heavy losses to neighboring countries


The price of separation ... economic fall of Kurdistan and heavy losses to neighboring countries
The New Arab

24 September 2017

As soon as the Kurdistan RegionalGovernment took practical steps towards secession from Iraq. Neighboring countries, led byTurkey and Iran, also drummed up the declaration of separation and the imposition of trade and economic sanctions, which alone could isolate the region and hit its resources from oil,tourism and trade. , Especially as neighboring countries have openly declared the closure of their borders with Erbil in the event of separation.
However, it seems that these sanctions expected in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, may have repercussions to Ankara and Tehran, which have a large market with Iraq and investments of tens of billions of dollars, the region has for years a safe passage for trade and investment of the two countries.
Turkey’s commercial presence in the region is more apparent than any neighboring country. Turkish brands are spread throughout Kurdistan, from shopping malls to housing projects, furniture stores, and commercial and consumer goods. Turkish companies operate in a wide range of sectors, Banking and financial services, and oil and gas extraction. These 1,300 companies built most of the infrastructure projects, including the $ 550 million Erbil airport.

Among the scenarios on the table of the Turkish government to deal with the region’s insistence on secession is restricting movement through border crossings, particularly the Khabur crossing, which is the vital artery of Erbil.

As for Iran, the former presidential economic adviser, Said Lailaz, described the economic relations between Iran and the region as good. He said that severing ties with Iran would mean a rise in commodity prices and a rise in the dollar against the local currency in the region. , Describing the expected damage seriously, which the concerned in the Kurdistan of Iraq to focus on them from now to realize the consequences of such a referendum.

In this file we monitor the expected economic repercussions on the Kurdistan region of Iraq and its neighboring countries, especially Turkey and Iran in the event of separation of the region.


@HaiderAlAbadi- Twitter



On the eve of the referendum, hundreds leave Kirkuk for fear of clashes and others remain united in Baghdad



Since 2017-09-24 at 20:45 (Baghdad time)


Special – Mawazine News

An official source in the province of Kirkuk, on Sunday, the displacement of a number of residents of the province ahead of the referendum in the province for fear of worsening events in the province, while confirmed that the proportion of natural movement in the areas do not exceed 20%.

The source told Mawazin News that 30% of the population of Kirkuk province left the province to an unknown destination with the near holding of the referendum in the province, fearing the aggravation of the events in the province. He stressed that the percentage of the movement of citizens in the province does not exceed 20%.

He added that “the referendum is in the province distributed ballot boxes to schools in danger of holding the referendum tomorrow,” pointing out that “the cooperation of the Education Directorate of Kirkuk and Education Minister Mohammed Iqbal al-Sidli, not to take any decisions to prevent the referendum in schools.”

Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi said on Sunday that the majority of the region’s problems are internal, not with Baghdad, and will be exacerbated with calls for secession. He also stressed the need to take steps to preserve the unity of the country and not deal with the referendum.

While the President of the Kurdistan region, outgoing Massoud Barzani, on Sunday, that the Iraqi constitution would not have succeeded or would have been approved without the vote of the Kurdish people on him, while stressed that he did not retreat from the referendum.

The Electoral Commission and the referendum in the Kurdistan region, on Sunday, that the number of polling stations and the main branch in Kirkuk reached 277 centers, to participate in the referendum. Finished

From: Haider Mitham


Masoum calls on Arbil and Baghdad to avoid escalation at any price and to return to dialogue and agreement as a top priority

Editorial date: 2017/9/24 20:24 • 104 times read

(Baghdad: Al-Furat News) President Fuad Masum called on political leaders in Erbil and Baghdad to avoid escalation at any price and the immediate focus on returning to dialogue and agreement as a top priority.

“Massoud Barzani, the president of the Kurdistan region, announced at a press conference in Arbil today that the Supreme Council for the referendum in the Kurdistan region decided to finalize,” said Masoum in a press statement Sunday, on the announcement of the Kurdistan Regional Government to take a final decision to hold the referendum on September 25, Hold the referendum on the twenty-fifth day of September this month. ” 
“We are calling on political leaders in Erbil and Baghdad to avoid escalation at any price and to immediately focus on returning to dialogue and agreement as a top priority,” he said. 

“We will continue to emphasize the priority of the principles of the Constitution and respect the calls and support of the International Council to continue the dialogue between the Iraqi forces to resolve any internal problem among them through compromise solutions, and rejection of positions Provocative and extremist, and proceed with determination to restore the necessary confidence between the two sides and go together to build a state of citizenship and rights to which we all aspire.
“As President of the Republic of Iraq, I will continue to exert every effort to accelerate the resumption of the brotherly dialogue between the Kurdistan Regional Government and the federal government to find effective solutions to ensure that this delicate crisis is overcome and prevented by the terrorists. Negative and mistakes .. no matter how strong the differences in views and attitudes. ” 
“We stress the need for everyone to unite in order to sustain the momentum of the victorious Iraqi armed forces’ victory over terrorism and to support a secure and voluntary return to more than three million displaced people and to their homes,” he said. 
“We are fully confident in our people’s ability to overcome this crisis and come out of it stronger and deeper unity and determination and the ability to address all its current problems and develop its democratic political system and build its bright future.

The National Security Council meets with Abadi and issues important decisions on the referendum

Editorial date: 2017/9/24 20:26 • 343 times read

(Baghdad: Al Furat News) The Council of Ministers for National Security, headed by the Prime Minister and the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces Haider Abadi, in his meeting on Sunday several important decisions towards the Kurdistan region, which intends to hold a referendum on secession from Iraq on Monday.

“The Ministerial Council hailed the victories achieved by our heroine forces in the first stage of the liberation of Hawija, where more than 100 villages were liberated in the eastern areas of Al-Ashraq and areas north of the Lower Zab River and move on the second phase of liberation West of Kirkuk province “. 

The statement added that “the referendum was held in the Kurdistan region. The council affirmed that the referendum is an unconstitutional exercise that jeopardizes the security and stability of the country. It is a unilateral action that does not express any sense of responsibility towards the partners. Which is sought by the government for the post-urging and the referendum is unconstitutional and therefore does not result in the consequences of any real impact, but leads to significant negative repercussions on the region in particular. ” 

The Council also stressed that “the resolution of disputes can not be imposed by imposing a de facto policy by force, and the importance of not jumping over the constitution and overriding the interests and rights of the other partners in the country.” 

“Unfortunately, some kind of mobilization of this non-constitutional practice has been observed, based on racist concepts, accusations, inciting negative emotions or accusing others of what is contrary to reality,” he said. 

He pointed out that “the economic problem and the issue of salaries and the disruption of the parliament and the expulsion of ministers and political and security monopoly of certain parties are internal problems in the Kurdistan region and others are not responsible for them, including the policy of non-transparent and allegorical in dealing with national wealth. 

“The government considers itself responsible for all matters related to the interests, security and well-being of citizens and to improve their situation in every inch of Iraq, including the interests and aspirations of Kurdish citizens in Iraq,” the cabinet said. 

“The government is committed to the performance of all the constitutional duties entrusted to it, especially the defense of the unity and sovereignty of Iraq and the security and stability of its people by all means and mechanisms enshrined in the Constitution.” 

“The Iraqi government confirms that it will not discuss or discuss the subject of the referendum and its unconstitutional results, and we call on everyone to return to the right path and take responsibility for the direction of Iraq in general and our people in Kurdistan in particular.” 

“It is impossible to deny that corruption is the serious scourge that has harmed the interests of the Iraqi people, including the interests of our people in Kurdistan. Therefore, the fight against corruption by everyone, especially the federal government, is a matter of implementation. 

He pointed out that “and considering that the border crossings are the ports of the federal government as well as oil is a wealth for all the Iraqi people according to the Iraqi constitution, the Iraqi government directed the Kurdistan region to hand over all border crossings, including airports to the authority of the federal government and requests neighboring countries and countries of the world to deal with the Iraqi government Federal and exclusively in the file ports and oil so that the Iraqi federal authorities at the ports regulate and facilitate the smooth flow of goods and people from and to the region. 

The Ministerial Council also discussed the measures to be taken by the concerned parties, including the Iraqi money recovery team, to follow up the accounts of the Kurdistan region and the accounts of officials in the region who deposit the oil export money in their accounts, as well as the call of the prosecution to prosecute all state employees within the region who carry out the referendum procedures, . the 

Ministerial Council for National security , he said in permanent session to follow up and deal with the consequences of the referendum in Alakulaim.anthy

Civil Aviation Authority: The movement between Baghdad and Arbil continues and there is no request to stop it




Barzani ‘s policy delivers the United Nations a message on the referendum on independence


Barzani delivers UN message on independence referendum
31 minutes ago

The President of the Kurdistan Region Massoud Barzani on Sunday that the people of the Kurdistan Region has decided not to retreat from the decision of the referendum, and be conducted on Monday.

This came during his meeting today at the headquarters of the region’s presidency in Salah al-Din, the representative of the United Nations Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq, Jan Kubic.

According to the statement of the region, Kubic has submitted to know the latest steps, “President Barzani” on the current situation, his decision on the referendum.

Barzani expressed his concern over the position of the United Nations and the international community, “which are contrary to the principles laid down in the international community’s agreements and charters, a natural right of peoples.”

URGENT The first phase of the Hawija operation ends 1200 km 2



Release date: 2017/9/24 11:48192 times read
announced the leadership of the popular crowd the end of the first phase of the Hawija operations liberate 1200 km 2, including the entire Zab and Isr al-Sharqat.
A statement of the leadership of the crowd received the agency of all Iraq [where] a copy of it, “after the trust in God and the surprise days of the month of Imam Hussein, peace be upon him, the month of victory blood on the sword and the determination of the heroes of our fighters Dune terrorism and clean it from the clutches of the devil, began the liberation of Hawija last Thursday at seven in the morning and the first phase includes three pages to edit the left side to spend Shrkat and Zab area.
He pointed out that “the participation of popular formations, the federal police, the rapid response, the army and the air force where the popular crowd and the security forces crowned the victory again and raised the flag of Iraq high in the skies of areas was the darkness of terrorism hovering on them to shine again the sun in the most beautiful images and return to the embrace of Iraq.”
“The popular crowd and security forces managed to liberate a large area of ​​more than 1,200 km2 at a record time in three days and evacuate thousands of families who were in areas controlled by terrorist gangs and made them human shields. Praise be to Allah. Within 72 hours, and we have not just done so, but we will continue to liberate the last inch of Iraq and cleanse it from the desecration of terrorism. ”
The leadership of the popular crowd “with great thanks and sincere gratitude to those who gathered together and led to the scourge of the land of sanctities [our good reference] of the Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani [all his shadow] and all contributed to support the formations of popular mobilization and security forces and the Iraqi army in its fight against infidelity and terrorism” .

International Monetary Fund: Interior, Defense and Education Acquire Two Million Jobs in Iraq


BAGHDAD (Reuters) – “The public sector is the largest employer in Iraq, with nearly 3.5 million jobs, equivalent to about 42 percent of all jobs,” the International Monetary Fund said in a report on Sunday. 

He added that “the wage bill for public sector employees amounted to 34 trillion dinars,” noting that “the wage bill rose in the government budget more than five times, up from 7% to more than 40%.”

“The ministries of education, defense and the interior are the largest employers and employ about two million employees,” he said. “46% of the employees work in civilian ministries, 30% work in the ministries of defense and interior and 24% are not classified.”

UNSC statement on Kurdistan Referendum purely advisory, no standing: Foreign Observer

3 hours ago

ERBIL, Kurdistan Region (Kurdistan 24) – Most of the statements regarding the Kurdistan Region’s referendum are advisory and carry no weight in terms of sanctions, a foreign observer said in Erbil.

Voting in the Kurdistan Region’s referendum on independence has already begun for people in the Diaspora, and those in the Kurdistan Region and disputed territories will vote on Sep. 25 whether to remain part of Iraq or secede.

The Kurdish leadership has insisted on holding the vote on time despite the opposition of Baghdad, neighboring countries, and the international community.

“All kinds of people make statements. They’re usually just advisory. They certainly have no sanctions and no authority,” Roger Lyons, former President of the Trades Union Congress, told Kurdistan 24.

He is one of the thousands of foreign observers who flocked to the Kurdistan Region to monitor the referendum.

“The [UNSC statement on Kurdistan Referendum] is a purely advisory and it has no standing what so ever,” Lyons continued.“I know very well because I was taught international Relations by the man who wrote the UN Charter.”

He mentioned the right to self-determination is a fundamental principle of the UN, and the UK in the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 promised the Kurds the right of the self-determination and “They have the right to ask for it now.”

Derek Sawyer, former head of Islington Council in London, also traveled to Erbil in the capacity of an observer for the Kurdistan Region’s referendum.

“I am here to make sure the wishes of the Kurdistan Region’s people are expressed freely and properly,” he told Kurdistan 24.

Regarding the international community’s reaction toward the Kurdistan Region’s referendum, he said, “All the countries have the right to express their views, but nonetheless, all individuals in the world have the right to vote and have their say,” Sawyer added.

“It is important that that say is done properly, but it is ultimately a democratic process, and I am in favor of it,” he concluded.

A delegation of UK Members of Parliament is also in Erbil to monitor the voting process and later report their findings and the result of the referendum back to the UK Parliament.

Over five million people are eligible to vote in the Kurdistan Region’s referendum, including people currently live in the Diaspora.


Editing by G.H. Renaud