19 September 2017
The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, declared his opposition to the referendum. Guterres believes that the unilateral decision to hold a referendum now will divert attention from the war against the Da’ash organization and will also undermine the reconstruction of the restored areas of the organization and the safe return of millions of displaced people, UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said. The French Foreign Minister, Jean-Yves Laudrian, said that the Iraqi Kurds’ referendum is not appropriate, calling for talks between Baghdad and Erbil.
دخلت قوات البشمركة والأسايش حالة الإنذار القصوىPeshmerga and Asayish forces entered a state of maximum alert
Pressure has increased on the Kurds, with the Federal Supreme Court in Baghdad issuing a judicial order suspending all referendum proceedings. The court said in a statement that it had issued an order to suspend the referendum proceedings, scheduled for September 25, until the ruling on the unconstitutionality of the decision. The Office of the Prime Minister has stated that Abadi has appealed to the Federal Court on the unconstitutionality of the separation of any territory or province of Iraq, as well as to issue a mandate to suspend the proceedings of the referendum secession of the Kurdistan region, and accordingly the Federal Court approved the request. Kurdish officials rejected the court’s decision and disobeyed it, while regional leaders plan to break a unified Kurdish stance on the resolution, amid fears of escalation. The Kurdistan Alliance MP, Saadi Bira, in a press statement, “The region does not recognize the decision of the Federal Court or the decisions of the (Iraqi) on the referendum,” asserting that “the referendum is not a criminal issue, but internal.” The leader of the Kurdistan Alliance Hama Amin, the “new Arab”, that “the Kurdish leaders reject in principle Abadi’s decision, and will hold a meeting to discuss these developments and actions to be taken by the region to resolve the crisis.” The spokesman for the Electoral Commission of Kurdistan, Sherwan Zerari, continued preparations for the referendum, pointing out, during a press conference, the registration of 64 international observers to oversee the referendum, as well as 11 political entities and 65 media institutions. He pointed out the arrival of 90 per cent of the logistics materials for the referendum so far, stressing that the special vote will include the security forces and displaced.
And prompted the Kurdish insistence on the referendum by the decision of the Iraqi parliament, the Turkmen MP NiaziMamar Uglu, to wave tough measures will be taken in the coming days to stop what he described as “Kurdish-Israeli farce.” The leader of the Democratic Party of Kurdistan, MP Ashwaq Al-Jaf, responded to Ma’amar Oglu, saying that what he said was flawed, rejecting what she described as absurd and unaccountable statements that began to increase with the date of the referendum. We have warned and are still wary of being dragged behind the downward spiral of hatred and bloodshed,” she said in a press statement, adding that “the time of threat is over.” In the context, the deputy speaker of the Parliament of the Kurdistan region, Jafar Amineki, harsh criticism to Iraqi Vice President Nuri al-Maliki, on his recent comments on the referendum. وقThese words were issued by a person who is unique in dictatorship and individuality in the history of Iraq and is the source of all the misfortunes, tragedies and woes of Iraqis,” Aminke said in a statement. He added: “As for Israel, it did not kill the Arabs killed by Maliki during his lean years, he cut the livelihood of the people of Kurdistan, but Israel did not do anything against Kurdistan,” and called on Maliki “not to exceed more,” he said. The Iraqi Vice President, head of the “coalition of state law,” Nuri al-Maliki, reiterated, the day before yesterday, his refusal to hold a referendum on secession in the Kurdistan region, warning of the establishment of a new Israel in northern Iraq.
|“ “A Kurdish negotiating delegation heads to Baghdad within hours to try to reach a compromise on the referendum crisis
A member of the alliance of forces, Mohammed Abdullah, called on the Kurdish political forces to retreat from holding the referendum on schedule. He stressed to the “new Arab” that the insistence of Kurdistan Regional President Massoud Barzani on the referendum is moving the country towards the unknown. And warned of the arrival of the situation to the stage of the clash in light of the persistence of the positions of all parties, calling for the renunciation to the table of dialogue. For his part, criticized former member of the Iraqi parliament, Mahmoud Othman, the letters of escalation by the warring parties, demanding, in an interview for the “new Arab”, resolving outstanding problems between Baghdad and Erbil, such as salaries and Article 140 and the law of oil and gas, in accordance with the Constitution. On Tuesday or Wednesday, a Kurdish negotiating delegation to the Iraqi capital Baghdad, in an attempt to reach a compromise on the crisis of the referendum, according to a member of the ruling National Alliance said, the “new Arab”, the leaders of the “Shiite” close to the Iraqi government and the Kurdistan region sponsor Negotiations. He pointed to the existence of alternative solutions to the referendum will be put forward during the negotiations, such as the extension of the President of the Kurdistan region, Massoud Barzani for another four years, and the Iraqi government’s pledge to pay the dues and salaries of the Kurdish Peshmerga forces, and Article 140 of the Iraqi Constitution, which governs the status of disputed areas between Baghdad and Erbil, Among the offers that Baghdad will introduce the adoption of the law of oil and gas demanded by the Kurds, and work to achieve a balance between the components and nationalities and sects in the institutions of the Iraqi state. He added that “Baghdad agreed to provide alternative solutions to the referendum of the President of the Kurdistan region Massoud Barzani, but that does not mean that it will not return to escalation and threat if the region does not agree on these solutions,” asserting that the head of the “National Alliance” in Iraq, Ammar al-Hakim, played a role Prominent in the issue of mediation between the governments of Baghdad and Erbil. Hakim announced last Sunday that the next three days will witness surprises related to the referendum, without disclosing the nature of those surprises. The official of the Kurdish file in the “National Alliance,” Abdullah al-Zaidi, that the Kurdish delegation, which will arrive soon to Baghdad, will hear proposals to push for the solution of all outstanding problems in accordance with the Constitution.
|“ “Baghdad has agreed to offer alternative solutions to the referendum, but will return to escalation if the region does not agree to these solutions
Despite the talk about mediation to resolve the crisis, but the threats and pressures on the Kurdistan region is still continuing, in light of the division of Kurdish positions towards the referendum and the areas that must be covered. “The dialogue and resorting to the constitution is better than the escalation, whether it is by the Kurdistan government or the Iraqi government,” said Fataka Ahmed, a member of the Iraqi parliament for the Change Movement. he pointed out that the President of the Kurdistan region has taken the decision to hold the referendum without returning to “the movement of change,” as well as the case of the federal government in Baghdad, which escalated the situation without return to “change”, pointing out that the “movement of change” The Kurdistan Regional Government postponed the referendum, but its request was not met. In the context, the member of the Iraqi parliament for the “National Alliance” Governor, Haider Mawla, there is a desire of the “Patriotic Union of Kurdistan” not to include the province of Kirkuk referendum on separation, indicating, during a press statement, that a position on this issue will be issued during the next two days.
In the meantime, what was said was the offer of Saudi mediation between Baghdad and Erbil on the referendum, just a media bomb, as the announcement of the presidency of the Kurdish region on Sunday, that Saudi Arabia expressed willingness to mediate and create the atmosphere for dialogue, orphan, without showing any features about The form or content of such presumed mediation. Even that Riyadh did not confirm what was stated in the statement of the Kurdish presidency regarding the presentation of the Saudi Minister of State for Gulf Affairs Thamir al-Sbahan, the offer of mediation Barzani.