From 2017-08-21 at 10:50 (Baghdad time)
Baghdad Mawazine News
A report by the Center for Strategic and Security Studies “Stratfor” that Iraq is witnessing the rise of a new spirit of nationalism as politicians began to move away from their external sponsors in the region, years after the country became a sphere of influence and conflicts between regional and international powers.
“Internal politics in Iraq has become an international issue and the multiplicity of representation of interest groups in the country’s central government has complicated the building of a coalition between them, leaving room for neighboring countries to engage their competing agendas, while there seems to be a variable,” said Stratfor, A new foreigner may turn the arena is the role of the UAE in the region. ”
“Many politicians are defending Iraqi nationalism, condemning corruption and rejecting external influences to meet the demands of sectarian and ethnic groups, while regional forces such as Turkey, Iran and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries provide financial and political support to many Iraqi parties and sometimes to their militias,” the report said. “He said.
Last month saw the loss of the Supreme Islamic Council of Iraq (ISCI), a Shiite party founded in 1982 on the same principles as the former Iranian leader, Ammar al-Hakim, who recently broke away from Council after years of escalating differences with the other three party leaders. ”
Without wasting any time, Hakim formed a new group, the “National Wisdom” stream, “part of his attempt to maintain his competitiveness before the next election, by courting young voters and building his national credibility.” “The effort may bear fruit,” says Stratfor. “Hakim is the heir to a powerful Shiite religious family with strong ties and ties in Iraq.” He added that the new party could affect ISCI’s performance in the upcoming elections.
The Islamic Supreme Council is not the only Shiite party to suffer internal conflict. The rival Dawa Party is also witnessing an internal conflict that could threaten its results in the 2018 elections. Former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki has since 2006 led the party’s most powerful wing, His pro-Iranian and anti-American stance has divided the party.
“The current prime minister, Haidar al-Abadi, was thinking of abandoning the” call “for the formation of the so-called Hizb ut-Tahrir and construction, and is supposed to join the list of” state law, “a coalition formed by al-Maliki in 2009, The establishment of a new party, the competition between him and Maliki will increase with the approach of the 2018 elections. ”
He explained that “Maliki can not lose the membership of Abadi in the Dawa Party, because in the case of candidature alone in the upcoming elections, the split will be a clear attempt to distance himself from Maliki and the influence of Iran, which represents.
The leader of the Sadrist movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, described him as the “greatest rebel” because he took stronger steps. “The man who founded the Mehdi Army – one of the Shiite militias that became famous for its battles during the US invasion and its involvement in sectarian strife at the same time – Popular crowd, close to the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, in addition to his visit to Iran’s first crime in the Saudi region. ”
“Iran is displeased that some Iraqi Shiite politicians have publicly expressed their self-reliance on Tehran, even though they are their regional patron, because their status as independent forces away from their tutelage will make them win the votes of Iraqi voters,” Foreign Affairs magazine reported.
The US report said that “partnerships within the Shiite camp are beginning to emerge as the parties try to attract as many voters as possible before the elections. Sadr recently announced an agreement between his party and the National List Coalition, led by former Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi, Other leaders, such as Hakim, Maliki and Abadi, have also proposed Sunni and Kurdish parties in the hope of building deeper ties, and Sadr has shown his keenness to take advantage of the Sunni voter base recently by accepting invitations to visit the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia and the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi.
He went on to say that “attempts by Iraqi Sunni Arab parties to join their Shiite counterparts with a larger electoral base. To this end, a group of Sunni parties unveiled a coalition of Iraqi national forces last July, which includes 300 Sunni figures, including deputies and tribal leaders from the provinces that control It is under the leadership of Salim al-Jubouri, the prominent Sunni leader and speaker of the House of Representatives. Each of the bloc’s constituent parties enjoys strong local support and receives some sort of external assistance from Sunni forces in the Middle East, such as Turkey and the Gulf states.
As for the role of the UAE in Iraq, the report revealed that “Abu Dhabi recently increased its financial and political support for the Kurdistan Democratic Party, the ruling party in the Kurdistan region and the main supporter of the referendum as well. The UAE threw its weight in the referendum scheduled for September 25, 2017, Which strongly oppose the establishment of an independent Kurdish state. ”
“With the Iraqis ready for the fourth legislative elections since 2003, the security situation is still unstable in their country, although it has improved a lot,” he said. “The areas in Iraq, mostly Sunni lands, are not stable enough to make the necessary preparations for the vote, and the lingering security concerns are the main reason for holding regional and parliamentary elections at the same time.”
“House legislators in Iraq still need to put a new electoral law in place before the vote, and then the committee will need about six months to finalize the voting plans. At the same time coalition efforts will continue and the real power struggle will begin, Between Maliki, Abadi and Hakim as they vie for the post of prime minister – the main political post in Iraq – to their chosen candidate. “Ended 29 / a 43