Recently, Iraq’s prominent Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr paid important visits to Saudi Arabia and UAE. He is also preparing for an imminent visit to Egypt. Other outstanding Shiite figures now adopt al-Sadr’s situation seeking powerful ties with the Arab world. This shows a Shiite confrontation of Iranian dominance in Iraq.
According to analysts, Shiite figures realized that the division of Iraq by Iran and its militias would extremely harm their country.
Following al-Sadr’s visit to Riyadh, the kingdom announced the opening of a consulate in the city of Najaf, where Sadr is living.
The move was approved by Iraq’s most prominent Shiite cleric, Ali al-Sistani, which means that he agrees to such openness as he had previously called on several occasions.
Sadr’s visits to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were harshly criticized by Iran. Tasnim news agency, which is close to Iranian authorities, considered them a betrayal of the Yemeni people, who have been fighting the Saudis for more than a year.
Tasnim accused the Saudi side of exploiting the Sadrist movement and looking for outlets for influence in the Iraqi arena.
A visit to Egypt was also announced soon, as well as a series of visits by high-level Iraqi officials to Saudi Arabia.
Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi’s criticism of the military factions loyal to Iran has increased and he has been accused of breaking the law and failing to submit to the authority of the Iraqi state.
Iran’s associates have a history of involvement in corruption in the country.
Former Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, who has very good relations with the Iranian regime and Ayatollah Khamenei is a clear example of this corruption.
For its part, Iran seeks to correct the situation and maintain its gains in Iraq through its agents and also through the conclusion of agreements between the two countries in favor of their national interests.
Iran held a security agreement with Iraqi Defense Minister Irfan al-Hayali during his visit to Iran on July 23. The agreement was signed on an unconventional diplomatic speed, as preliminary talks were not held between experts and specialists from both countries.
This indicates Iran’s attempts to strengthen its military and security roles in Iraq in response to the Iraqi rapprochement with the Sunni Arab axis.
Saudi Arabia is trying to provide aid to Iraq and make the Iraqi side pragmatically inclined, regardless of sectarian differences.
Iraqi Oil Minister, Jabbar al-Luaibi, said after his return from Saudi Arabia on August 15 that “the Saudi side stressed the importance of expediting the activation of the Saudi-Iraqi Coordination Committee to accelerate the implementation of a series of agreements in the fields of oil, energy, industry, Trade, banks, banks, joint ventures and others. ”
The Saudi cabinet announced on 14 August the establishment of the Saudi-Iraqi Coordination Council to implement the agreements concluded during the successive visits of Iraqi officials in recent weeks.
“The Kingdom will establish a number of health and humanitarian projects at its expense, including the establishment of hospitals in Baghdad and Basra and the allocation of a number of fellowships in Saudi universities and the opening of border crossings and the establishment of free zones for commercial exchange.”
If Saudi Arabia succeeds in implementing its economic projects in Iraq, this will further marginalize the Iranian dominance in Iraq.Since 2003, Iran has never established projects in Iraq.