BAGHDAD / Sky Press:
There are conflicting expectations and analysis on the possibility of sighting the new moon of Shawwal on Saturday, while astronomical observatories and sources agreed to the end of the month of Ramadan in this day of the astronomical and the occurrence of the association and the birth of Shawwal crescent in the early dawn.
Said astronomer researcher and supervisor of the prospects for Space Sciences Saudi Society, an honor Sufiani, the newspaper already Saudi Arabia said on Sunday it will be the first day of Eid, an astronomer, indicating that the occurrence of astronomical pairing, it will be on Saturday, 24 June, at 05:32 aM, GMT city.
He added that “the sun sets on the horizon of Mecca at 07:06 Saturday evening, Wester moon after sunset at 07:29 pm Mecca; shall be a period he stayed Crescent 23 minutes, and the height on the horizon 4 degrees and a half, and the lighting surface 0.27% of lighting moon full moon, and the dimension Azwaa from the sun nearly 7 degrees. ”
He continued astronomical researcher that “with an overview of all Arab countries, we find that the crescent Wester after sunset period of time not less than 20 minutes.”
Explaining and through these data and astronomical calculations deterministic is clear to us clearly verify prerequisites for the entry of the new month astronomically; namely, the first occurrence of astronomical association and the birth of Crescent before sunset on the ninth day twenty at 05:32 am, and the second Sunset Crescent after sunset twenty-ninth day time 23 behind minutes depending on the horizon of Mecca. ”
He continued that “Based on these astronomical calculations may be on Sunday the 25th of June 2017 is the first day of Eid al-Fitr this year 1438 AH and, accordingly, be 29 days of Ramadan this year.”
“The visual vision of the crescent is not impossible, but very difficult, both the naked eye or through astronomical telescopes, and they need high ideal conditions of the purity of the atmosphere and free from environmental pollutants and the safety of view of the observers; noting that vision increases the possibility as we move towards the Maghreb and the West Africa; because of the increased height of Crescent on the horizon, increasing the period Mkth on the horizon.
He was a member of the Arab Association of Space, Khalid Brackish, announced on Tuesday, quoted by the Saudi media statements, that the month of Ramadan will end at the end on Saturday, the same day that started it, and it will be on Sunday, the first day of Eid Ramadan and this year 29 days.
For his part, predicted the Islamic project to monitor the crescent in a statement that most of the Islamic countries announced on Sunday the first day of Eid, although the sighting of the moon is not possible with the naked eye on Saturday, he said. “As for countries that require sighting of the crescent with the naked eye it is expected to be where the feast on Monday 26 June “and the difficulty of sighting of the crescent with the naked eye in the Islamic countries, according to the project estimates.
Islamic project, it said that most of the countries of the Muslim world would investigate the crescent of the month of Shawwal (Eid 1438 Fitr e) on Saturday, June 24, and that day will happen pairing (new moon) before sunset and will miss the moon after sunset in all Arab and Islamic countries, and the day can be seen Crescent several Muslim countries using astronomical telescope imaging technique using also, while the sighting of the crescent with the naked eye that day is not possible from anywhere in the Arab world, it is possible only from parts of the Americas and parts of the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean.
As for countries that require sighting of the crescent abstract or countries that do not accept certificates if conflicted with the scientific astronomical calculations for an eye, it is expected to be the feast on Monday, June 26 by the Islamic project to monitor the crescent.
The official called on the side of the Sunni Endowment in Iraq to set up a celebration, on Saturday, to investigate the sighting of the crescent of Shawwal and determine the first day of Eid al-Fitr.
Diwan said in a statement that “the celebration of the feast sighting of the crescent will be held on Saturday in Umm al-Qura mosque to read a statement to the committee proved or not proved the legitimate sighting of the crescent of the month of Shawwal 1438 of the Prophet’s migration.”
On the other hand Saudi Arabia’s Supreme Court called on all Muslims in the Kingdom to investigate the sighting of the crescent of Shawwal Saturday evening and inform the competent courts and committees if their vision of the new moon.
At the level of the followers of the doctrine of Ahl al-Bayt declared the religious authority of the Iraqi Kamal al-Haidari, as well as the religious authority, the late Lebanese Mohammed Hussein Fadlallah’s office on next Sunday’s 25 surprise crescent of the month of Shawwal and the first day of Eid based on astronomical calculations, as agreed on Saturday the 28th of Ramadan when transvestites supreme religious authority in Iraq, Ali al-Sistani and are investigating the Crescent on Sunday.