Dr. Salim Mohammed Al-Zanoun *
President Trump has started his first visit since he took office on May 23 as his first stop on his international tour. This represents a change in the spatial dimension only with former US President Obama who preferred to visit Egypt as a first stop. To the end of a foreign policy and a new vision of foreign policy, a better understanding of the complexities of the Middle East crises, and the practice of Trump management to adopt policies that differ with the policies of the previous administration, has been restored work Pillars “strategy based on strengthening the relationship with allies The Arabs and the Limitations Iran is advancing in the region while curbing its nuclear program.
As a result, the relationship between the United States and the Arab countries improved significantly during the first quarter of 2017. In this context, the visit of King Abdullah II to Washington last February and the visit of Saudi Defense Minister Mohammed bin Salman in March last year, And the visit of Egyptian President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi in April, in return, the US National Security Council began a comprehensive assessment of US policy with Iran, and thus working to assess the suspension of sanctions within the framework of the nuclear agreement, And that the goal of the nuclear agreement of a non-nuclear Iran has not been achieved. In practice, the US administration continues to put Iran under pressure, imposing sanctions on 30 countries, A businessman and companies from China and North Korea who violated the ban and transferred technology related to the missile program to Tehran and imposed sanctions on the brother of Qods Force commander Qassim Soleimani for his responsibility for attacks on and torture of prisoners in Iranian jails.
Pillars’ strategy provides an explanation for Trump’s Middle East tour and the start of Saudi Arabia. It is part of the restructuring of the strategic partnership in the Middle East, in terms of the alignment and consistency of risks between the two sides, in terms of Iranian threat, peace process and countering extremism.
First: the Iranian threat.
The Iranian threat is a common interest of the United States and Saudi Arabia. The Trump administration of Iran is a major supporter of terrorism not only in the Middle East but also in the world, and there is an immediate need to rein in it, so Iran will be a top priority in discussing Iran’s increasing involvement in Syria, Lebanon and Yemen. , Its nuclear program and conventional weapons, and discussion of coping mechanisms and tools.
In this context, we can discuss the vision of US Defense Secretary James Matisse to cooperate in building a broader security architecture that includes cooperation with Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the UAE aimed at strengthening the US partnership in the region to deter and defeat threats. Which you publish.
Second: the peace process.
The visit will include three main summits: the first with the Saudi political leadership, the second with the GCC countries and the third with leaders of Arab and Islamic countries. This will be an opportunity to discuss how to end the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and resume Israeli-Palestinian negotiations under an Arab and Islamic umbrella. Convening a regional conference to launch negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians.
In this context, it is possible for the US administration to present a vision for settling the crises in the region, based on exchanging land and leasing other areas, both with regard to ending the Palestinian-Israeli conflict or settling the Saudi-
- A massive exchange of land between Israel and the Palestinians precedes the establishment of a Palestinian state, whereby Egypt will lease the Palestinians, without formally derogating from its sovereignty, an area adjacent to Gaza inRafah .
- Saudi Arabia gives Egypt a foothold on the eastern bank of the Red Sea,weakening opposition to the Sisi decision to hand over the islands of Tiran and Sanafir to Saudi Arabia.
Third: Fighting extremism.
The Trump administration in Saudi Arabia sees the natural address of addressing Muslims in the world because of its religious status and its containment of the holy sites in Islam. This is the opposite of the Obama experience, which addressed Muslims from Cairo and Istanbul. The choice of the place leaves a great impact on Muslim attitudes around the world. On the moderate orientation in the face of extremism, and the identification of Israel as a second state and the Vatican as a third country in the visit has significance, so that Israel, the Vatican and Saudi Arabia centers of the three divine religions, indicating that the United States is determined to promote dialogue between civilizations and And to create a united religious front in the face of extremism. Therefore, confronting extremist organizations will be a priority for discussion, while discussing the bases and the military, security, economic and social mechanisms to confront them.
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