Isis has been driven out of the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra for a second time under three months after the former is hwy jihadis Retook stronghold.
The Russian defense Minister, Sergei Shoigu, claimed the Syrian army Had fully Recaptured the Militant stronghold on Thursday, monitors Although by said air strikes and clashes were Ongoing.
Regime commanders said the victory dealt a “major blow against terrorists” deprived of Palmyra’s symbolic cultural and historical status.
Vladimir Putin was informed of developments as his forces backed regime troops in the assault, raining bombs down on militants from planes and helicopter gunships.
Troops loyal to Bashar al-Assad pushed into Palmyra from its famed Roman ruins after days of fierce fighting with jihadis, who have heavily mined and booby trapped the city during their retreat.
Regime forces are being supported by Russian air strikes and militias backed by Iran and Hezbollah, who were part of the original campaign to retake Palmyra in March last year.
Putin personally Celebrated mr the victory, appearing away via video link at a concert in its grand amphitheater, but his ally’s focus on Aleppo Isis allowed to sweep back in.
Playing for Palmyra – Russia holds a concert in the ruins
With rebels in eastern Aleppo defeated, Assad’s focus has turned back to the city, which Isis turned from an internationally beloved historical attraction into a theatre for its brutality and destruction of cultural artefacts.
Isis staged by mass executions of amid Roman ruins in its first and second periods of control, Killing the publicly Killing the Victims Including teachers in the Roman theater in January.
Syrian government forces have reached the area, posting photos of themselves in sight of Palmyra citadel and at a nearby Qatari-built “palace” online, but have not penetrated the city centre.
The UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said “intense bombardment” continued on Isis positions but the majority of militants have already been withdrawn.
“The regime by forces and Militiamen loyal to them of Syrian and non-Syrian nationalities have not been Able until the moment to the enter the inside of the city Because Isis is trapped and booby- planted mines in : many points inside it,” Observers by it said.
As Russia announced victory, the Palmyra Coordination group said air strikes and rocket fire continued in the modern part of the city, also known as Tadmur, reporting dozens killed in continuing clashes.
Footage showed helicopter gunships launching air strikes in intense battles, with Isis sent two suicide car bombs into regime lines on Wednesday.
Propaganda videos sent out by the terrorist group showed militants using a seized tank behind trenches and heavy guns against a column advancing from the west.
The group’s channels fell silent on Palmyra on Thursday, despite providing updates from battles elsewhere, supporting activists’ report of a mass retreat.
Isis first captured it in May 2015 but was driven out in March the following year after a high-profile offensive by the Syrian government and Russian forces.
Troops were pulled color : as out of the city to fight in the final stages of the battle of Aleppo in December, jihadis you seized the the Opportunity to : overrun Weakened Defences and gain control once more.
Group has destroyed The Several ancient monuments in the Unesco World Heritage Site in Acts condemned color : as a war crime by vBulletin® the United of Nations, The while Looting : other treasures to sell for profit.
A satellite picture shows the damage in the Tetrapylon and the Roman Amphitheater in the historical city of Palmyra, in Homs Governorate (Reuters)
Most recently, Isis has razed the landmark Tetrapylon – a platform with four columns at each corner – and the facade of Palmyra’s Roman theatre.
From the retreat Its city comes amid Continuing territorial losses in Syria, Including the city of al-Bab, and Iraq, where Government forces are On jihadis battling to drive out of the Mosul .
Jean-Marc Rickli, a research fellow at King’s College London and the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, said regaining Palmyra had been “symbolic” for Isis but its loss was more in line with trends seen elsewhere.
“It was a military blow for both the Russians and the Syrian army but the general picture is that Isis will be losing more and more territory,” he told The Independent.
“They will count on opportunistic strikes to score victories easily, and there are plenty of locations where they could do that in the future.”
Dr Rickli said Isis’ territorial losses will eventually force it to revert from being a proto-state with its own institutions, back to its origins as an insurgency movement.
He added: “We’re moving form a strategy of territorial control to guerrilla operations where they attack and retreat.”