ISIL, ISIS, Islamic State, Daesh: What’s The Difference?

By @mariamzzarella on November 16 2015 6:26 PM EST
The difference between ISIL, ISIS, Islamic State and Daesh explained. Above, supporters hold an ISIS flag in 2014.Getty Images

After the Islamic State group, the extremist organization that controls large parts of Iraq and Syria, took responsibility for the slaughter in Paris Friday night, many people may be confused about the name of the group, which has several different iterations. The terrorists are known variously as ISIS, ISIL, the Islamic State and Daesh — so what’s the difference?

Islamic State: This is the English version of what the terror group calls itself. It also claims to be a caliphate, which is a state ruled by a caliph, which is Arabic for “successor,” meaning successor to the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. The last generally acknowledged Muslim caliphate was the Ottoman Empire, which ended in 1923. Many governments and media refuse to use this name because it gives the group legitimacy as a state and a representaive of Islam.

ISIS: The militant group, which began as the Iraqi branch of al Qaeda during the U.S. occupation, gained this name after it invaded Syria in 2013. ISIS is short for “Islamic State in Iraq and Syria,” or “Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham,” which is an old Arabic term for the area.

ISIL: Similar to ISIS, ISIL translates to “Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.” The Levant is a geographical term that refers to the eastern shore of the Mediterranean — Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel and Jordan. It’s the term the U.S. government uses since the “Levant” is apparently a better translation for al-Sham, the Arabic name for the region.

Daesh: This is a term the militant group hates. French President François Hollande has used it since the attacks Friday, and first used it in September 2014. It’s an Arabic acronym for “al-Dawla al-Islamiya fi al-Iraq wa al-Sham.” It can sometimes be spelled, DAIISH, Da’esh or Daech, a popular French version. The hacktivist group Anonymous and President Barack Obama have used the term since the deadly terrorist attacks in Paris.

Thanks to Arabic wordplay, it could also be an insult. “Depending on how it is conjugated in Arabic, it can mean anything from ‘to trample down and crush’ to ‘a bigot who imposes his view on others,'” Boston Globe writer Zeba Khan reported in October 2014. ISIS threatened “to cut the tongue of anyone who publicly used the acronym Daesh, instead of referring to the group by its full name,” the Associated Presswrote in September 2014.

RTR3WJ9QInternational efforts to stem the flow of funds to the self-described Islamic State group have run into steep challenges. The group is known by several names. Above, an ISIS parade in Syria.  Reuters


Iraq looking to provide Jordan and Egypt in oil and gas

_66437_i4He stressed Jordan’s King Abdullah II on Monday that his country looks forward to the completion of a project to extend the pipeline to transport crude oil from fields in the province of Basra, southern Iraq, to export terminals in the port of Aqaba in southern Jordan on the Red Sea coast.

A statement by the Jordanian Royal Court The King Abdullah stressed during a meeting with the Minister of Iraqi oil Adel Abdul-Mahdi, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources of the Egyptian Tarek Al-Mulla, from “Jordan wanting to accomplish the tube between Basra and Aqaba access to land and coasts Egyptian.”

He stressed “the need to take advantage of Jordan’s position as a strategic corridor for energy in the region.”

The king stressed “the importance of such projects to link the interests of the Arab countries and peoples, and to mitigate the challenges faced by energy, which are associated with other vital economic sectors of the industry.”

During the meeting, they discussed the growing need for the implementation of interconnection projects in the energy sector, and “that Jordan is where the pilot and the developed countries in the region, especially as he carried out projects in the electrical connection and alternative energy, and the project of liquefied gas port in Aqaba, and other projects linked through partnerships regional in this area. “

Jordan and Iraq have signed on April 9, 2013 to extend the framework of the tube with a length of 1700 km and the agreement is estimated to cost about $ 18 billion and a capacity of up to 7 million barrels a day.

Crude oil pipeline and will be transferred from the giant Rumaila field in Basra province in southern Iraq to export terminals in the port of Aqaba.

Iraqi officials are hoping that the oil production of 9 million barrels per day by 2017, compared to about 3.5 million barrels per day at the moment, which is a very optimistic goal, according to the International Monetary Fund and the International Energy Agency.

He said Iraqi Oil Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi said his country desperately needed to revive the D pipeline projects to export oil through Jordan, Syria, Iran and Saudi Arabia, to accommodate the growing export potential.

He stressed that the increase in oil exports require the implementation of a strategy to build pipelines for export to neighboring countries across the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea projects. He added that the low levels of Iraq’s oil exports last month was due to the Kurdistan region’s failure to deliver crude oil to the Iraqi oil marketing company and bad weather in the southern ports.

Iraq has the third largest oil reserves in the world is estimated at 143 billion barrels after Saudi Arabia and Iran, but many analysts say Iraq’s reserves of up to fold it, because most of the fields unexplored and is registered under the proven reserves.Baghdad hopes to lead the construction of the pipeline to increase its oil exports and diversify their outlets, with hopes Jordan, which imports 98 percent of its needs of energy from the outside, that leads to secure its needs of crude oil, amounting to about 150 thousand barrels per day.

The Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources of Jordan Ibrahim Saif had confirmed in June that studies are underway in order to find “alternative routes” along the border with Saudi Arabia for a project to extend the pipeline to transport Iraqi oil to Jordan after the control of the organization Daash vast areas of Anbar province in western Iraq.

Iraq was Jordan provides quantities of oil at preferential prices and the other is free in the era of the late President Saddam Hussein. Since the US invasion of Iraq, Jordan raise prices of petroleum products more than once.

Egyptian Oil Minister Tariq Al-Mulla said it was agreed to “provide Jordan and Egypt with a surplus of crude oil and natural gas as well as Iraqi exports through Jordan and Egypt.

Iraq plans to raise the energies export of crude oil to more than 8 million barrels per day, but the war against al-Daash stopped a number of projects, particularly a new pipeline through the Syrian and Jordanian territory to the Mediterranean Sea and the Red, in addition to the D-line a second pipeline across Turkish territory.

Iraq also plans to raise the export capacity of the port of al-Amaya in the northern Gulf and complete the construction of five buoys card for export 4.5 million barrels a day, after it was built three rafts of them.

London-based Arab newspaper

President of the Parliament confirms today while attending the International Conference of tolerance that democracy and civil peace and coexistence Iraqi wheel will not go, but the elimination of terrorism and religious extremism, national

November 16, 2015
He was attended by Chairman of the Board of Representatives, Dr. Saleem al-Jubouri, the Conference of the International Day for Tolerance, which was held on Monday in Baghdad, in the presence of the United Nations representative Georgi Boston, and a number of MPs, ministers and religious and academic personalities and representatives of civil society ..

The following is the text of the call: –
In the name of Allah the Merciful
Attendees valued
Peace, mercy and blessings of God
I welcome you and thank you for giving this opportunity for dialogue in this serious and important topic for the benefit of the Iraqi people and the world.

The philosophy of tolerance is based on the narrow spaces between the races and sects and religions and creeds and ideas, it does not mean never waive these principles or Tmahiaa together it means to focus on humanitarian participants highlighted by all religions and laws, ideas and trends, which is to respect humanitarian rights and faith in multiculturalism, diversity and acceptance of others and understanding.

The responsibility of tolerance lies with the political leaders, religion, tribe and civil society Each of them is able to influence the Almjmta a certain percentage, if what everyone Tmalo to support this concept and establish it went peoples to integration and coexistence, and left the concept of the group to think the state and the nation,

and if we tried to study the roots of societal intolerance, we will find it arising out of reasons of an objective disorder in the theoretical discourse and is reflected in a clear and direct the performance and application.

Iraq has seen since the dawn of human diverse and versatile range, and did not incite the nation as much as they Otte, has lived and coexisted at home religions, races and creeds, ideas and trends, and the integration and understanding of life feature them all throughout history,

and while the different groups in the world Tstra on the presence and influence, Iraqis hit at the time, for example, in a great familiarity, love and affection and acceptance of others, and the biggest proof of that linger to this day as part of the spectra and a variety of races.

It is necessary to work hard to boost confidence among all the components of Iraqi society in general, and specifically the parties to the political process, it is mutual trust launched our ability to tolerance and spreading his speech, physically and practice on the ground, to be better able to eliminate terrorism and religious and nationalist extremism,

even moving democracy, peace wheel Iraqi civil coexistence, and the removal of a scene of violence and vengeance, and the cycle of revenge, hatred and Glua, to be better able to build a state based on citizenship rights and duties and non-discrimination and distinction between the components of the same country.

We have great opportunities to re-melting the people interconnected after he tried to terrorism shredded and succeeded to a certain extent to put the fear of each other breaks, some have responded to the call of anxiety and centered harmonious groups with each other in specific areas to take shelter from the threat of arms under the sub-headings were divided communities to the population to bias clear to type,

Vvkdna a lot of mixed and common areas, and this is a big risk can not surrender to him, and we should not respond in any way attempts to demographic change and cleansing deliberate races and species, and indicates the importance of this review is the increasing proportions of the exodus of Christians and Alazidiin out of Iraq,

leaving much of the year and the Shiites to their areas under the threat of fear of Daash groups weapon which led to the absence of some of these mixed areas of the original inhabitants who lived it since the era of parents and grandparents.

The loyalty to the homeland is not incompatible with loyalty to other secondary affiliations, but must be the priority of loyalty to the homeland, and to provide the national interest over the interests of caste, creed or tribe, in case Tsadmanma, so the coexistence means openness sustained and communicate with the rest of the ingredients, in order to weave positive relations,

through the revival of the relationship with the ideas and convictions of each component, so that the relationship becomes a dynamic, flexible and effective, hence the coexistence requires the acceptance of pluralism, and respect for the cultural component and forms of expression of human ideas, is supposed to know each other, and opening it, and connect to it, and freedom in interaction and coexistence with him.

One of the main opportunities that ensure our coexistence Time and maintaining diversity is the universities, which are the important and influential Tanzn of educated young people, which contributes to the strengthening of this culture, and add to it what we called him repeatedly, a re-work the conscription that opens us another chance for the integration of the Iraqi people each of the new and strengthen the bonds of social networking.

What happened in Paris a few days ago regrettable and makes us in a circle of collective responsibility to save the world from terrorism, and this requires a qualitative effort integral to spread a culture of peace and block the terrorists from recruiting more young people and seduced them,

we have become in today’s world in an open field against terrorism Breaking Boundaries and overcome geography and confirmed the global war against the international community, and we are in the Middle East in general and in Iraq in particular endured the responsibility of direct confrontation where we need to support not limited to bear the burdens of this confrontation,

elimination of terrorism here in his hole in the regions dominated by by him will facilitate the task the world in cracking down in other areas and attended his influence through the means of a number of the most important publication of peace and diversity, coexistence and rally people against him and exposed a culture, all of which require more support social justice and the elimination of unemployment, poverty and dealing with all races on the basis of the International Convention on Human Rights.

It is all of the above we see the need to support the coexistence and diversity programs, especially from international organizations and on this occasion to extend my sincere thanks and appreciation to UNDP the United Nations in Iraq and carried out several programs in this framework is still work side by side with the Iraqi government and the Iraqi parliament and civil society organizations to support tolerance coexistence and diversity.

And thanks to all those in charge of this meeting, and we in the Iraqi parliament we will be supportive of all these efforts will not hesitate to work to pass legislation to support this important trend.

Please accept our respect and appreciation, wishing each effective in the success of this project for the benefit of humanity and the dissemination of peace and tolerance
Peace, mercy and blessings of God
information Office
The President of the Iraqi Council of Representatives

Parliamentary Finance: International Monetary Fund requires removal of subsidies on fuel, electricity and ration to lend to Iraq



Editor: BK
11/16/2015 20:50
Number of Views: 1170


Long-Presse / Baghdad

Condition of the International Monetary Fund removal of subsidies on electricity and the ration card to lend to the Iraqi government and to enable them to fill the projected shortfall in next year’s budget in 2016, while expressed “serious reservations” on the size of salaries paid by the government for the staff, he called on them to reconsider.

And see the members of the Parliamentary Finance Committee, that the Fund conditions “are not new”, because it has already been put forward by the government during the debate on the previous budgets.

Previously, the International Monetary Fund, to give Iraq worth one billion and 250 million dollars in emergency aid, but Iraqi officials have reservations about the amount that said the government is seeking to borrow from the International Foundation which is based in Washington based.

And male parliamentarians, in an interview to the (long-Presse), last week, that the budget law includes a fictional loans exceeding $ 14 billion to close the deficit.

He says a member of the Parliamentary Finance Committee, Jabbar Abdul Khaliq, said in an interview to the newspaper (range), “The reservations of the International Monetary Fund revolve around sectors supported by the government, especially electricity and fuel and the ration card,” and suggests that “the fund wants to raise support for those sectors for lending Iraq”.

He adds Abdul Khaliq, that those “objections is not new as it had already put forward by the Fund on the Iraqi government during the discussion of the previous budgets with him, as a condition to facilitate the process of borrowing, but it did not take place because of the circumstances faced by the country.”

And on the negotiations conducted by Iraq, representatives of the Finance Ministries of Planning and oil, the Board of Control and the Central Bank, with the International Monetary Fund, explains a member of the Parliamentary Finance Committee, that “the IMF global institution sober you want to follow up on government spending and whether it adopts international standards.”

Reminds Member State of Law bloc parliamentary, to “end the basis of the removal of subsidies on those sectors, according to the IMF, is to ensure that the money that the government Stguetrdha to other sectors more important to spend,” and shows that “the International Monetary Fund is considering how to recover the money that Sakarzha for Iraq and she went not to the consumer sectors. “

He continues, MP Abdul Khaliq, that “allocated for the ration card payments amounting to two billion and 500 billion dinars, and a little more what was allocated to the Ministry of Electricity in the next 2016 budget,” and asserts that “the International Monetary Fund expressed its reservation on the employees’ salaries, which weigh heavily on the budget.”

The International Monetary Fund announced on Saturday, (14th of current November 2015), the determination of the Council of Ministers amendment next year’s budget in 2016, in line with the macroeconomic framework of the program watched by the Fund.

But a member of the Parliamentary Finance Committee, Jabbar Abdul Khaliq, “denies the government to withdraw the draft federal budget of the House of Representatives to make adjustments in line with the demands of the International Monetary Fund.”

To confirm that the other member of the parliamentary finance committee, Acadr Mohammed, that “the International Monetary Fund gave tips to the Iraqi government to increase financial support for electricity and fuel sectors, and the ration card, and demanded that spending commensurate with the size of their revenues.”

MP says Mohammed, in an interview to the newspaper (range), “The International Monetary Fund believes that Iraq might be able to overcome the financial crisis and pay off all its loans, if they reduced the size of the public spending”, and adds that “the IMF aims behind his reservations improve the performance of the Iraqi economy during the next year 2016 “.

Warns a member of the Parliamentary Finance Committee, of the consequences of “the continuation of the central bank dollar auction to sell the currency,” it is that it “threatens to fall in foreign exchange, which sees the International Monetary Fund’s reserves to be dangerous.”

Egypt’s El-Sisi CLOSING 27,000 Mosques In Effort To Fight Islamic Terror

Egyptian President Gen. Abdel Fatah el-Sisi continues to demonstrate leadership on a world stage. As his country is surrounded by ISIS terrorists and threatened by Turkey, the el-Sisi government is closing more than 25,000 Mosques in Egypt. Known as smaller, “local places of worship” the closure of these facilities indicates that el-Sisi is taking steps to “revolutionize” Islam, which he called for during a speech at al-Azhar University in Cairo late last year.

The decision to close these smaller venues is expected to have the effect of forcing practicing Muslims out of buildings and into public spaces. Conversely, the Egyptian Ministry of Religious Endowment also awarded 400 preaching permits to Salafists. While these two decisions may seem at odds with each other, they also appear to be rather strategic, based on el-Sisi’s comments at al-Azhar in December; they are worth another look:

As to the news of the closure of these 27,000 mosques, the reaction of the Salafists’ political party would seem to indicate el-Sisi’s move could be effective. When Muslim extremists complain that an action taken against them would cause more extremism, it’s often a sign you’re on the right track:

…the Salafist Nour Party claimed that closing down places of worship without providing a larger alternative serves to further bolster extremist ideology,considering that the larger existing mosques cannot accommodate Friday worshippers who line surrounding streets to pray.

One of the consequences of the closures is that many of those who attended such “local places of worship” will now be out in the open, which could get the Egyptian government closer to knowing what kind of fundamentalist issue it has on its hands. El-Sisi’s move also seems to have the support of some of the clerics at al-Azhar:

Ahmed Karimeh, a professor of Sharia at Al-Azhar University, told Al-Monitor that legal teachings and conventions specify that Friday, Eid and main prayers must be conducted in a mosque, and not in a neighborhood place of worship. The five daily prayers can be held at these informal sites, but not the special celebration prayers. In that sense, the Egyptian Ministry of Religious Endowments upheld a recognized religious law.

In short, el-Sisi appears to be working within the system that currently exists in Egypt. The closing of 27,000 mini-mosques will take away one opportunity for fundamentalists to operate in the shadows. It also has the support of some Salafist clerics who oppose such places being used for “special celebration prayers”.

h/t GWP


Parliamentary Legal Committee discussed the federal budget for next year

November 16, 2015
Legal Committee of Parliament met under the chairmanship of the Attorney Mahmoud Hassan Chairman of the Committee and the presence of ladies and gentlemen members of the committee on Sunday 15/11/2015 to discuss the draft financial budget law for next year.

During the meeting, the discussion of all aspects rela
ting to the draft general budget of the Federal Republic of Iraq for the fiscal year 2016 Act.

And formed Committee legal sub-committee kept pace and sequence of the federal budget in the Finance Committee order to stop the mistakes of legal, financial and intersections that have occurred in previous years.

The meeting also discussed a draft logo of the Republic of Iraq Law and stamped No. 85 of 1965, which had been read a second reading and the law of law and the formulation of the prohibition of terrorist websites.

and considered the Legal Committee proposal MP Dr. Ali Shukri on the advisory opinion of the State Council of not practicing the NPC deputies of the scientific activity of the campaign graduate degrees Donna for agents minister and ministers.

The sound of the ladies and gentlemen members of the committee unanimously that carries higher degree of members of the House campaign of scientific activity according to guidelines established by the Committee Legal in preparation for a vote in the coming meetings of the Council…48&AlwType=Pre

Urgent .. the death of the so-called {and} the Minister of Information to Daash west of Ramadi


History of edits:: 2015/11/16 19:4171 visits readable
{Anbar: Euphrates News} b {kill the so-called Information Minister} to Daash airstrike west of Ramadi.
Security Committee said in a district council Khalidiya in Anbar province said in a statement received by the agency {Euphrates News} on Monday that “flight international coalition face west of Ramadi air strike, which killed the so-called {Information Minister} gangs terrorist Daash”. Ended h

Fourth series of Chalabi files reveal transfers and money laundering for the benefit of the guidance Bank

One of the documents that refer to the existence of an investigation into the bank’s Corruption Huda file


Author: HH
Editor: HH
11/17/2015 00:05
Number of Views: 154


Long-Presse / Baghdad

Over the years, under the late Dr. Ahmad Chalabi, a member of the House of Representatives Chairman of the Finance Committee in which the head of the Iraqi National Congress, a busy financial and administrative corruption issues of major, at the forefront of the issue of smuggling billions of dollars out of the country through the fake financial companies mostly bankers freshman exhausted these billions of the state treasury and profiteers, which led to the emptiness of the treasury and the disruption of many economic and service projects.

And since the late Chalabi presidency of the Finance Committee in the current parliament put in mind uncover the details of this dangerous files, especially foreign currency smuggling file, and has already succeeded in cooperation with other members of the Committee and state officials in the collection of hundreds of documents which prepared the report submitted by the Committee Other destinations including the Presidency of the Council of Representatives and the prime minister. As Chalabi told the “long” at the time it received valuable cooperation from the Ministry of Finance and its Minister Hoshyar Zebari in revealing the facts of this file and others.

The late Chalabi briefed Foundation “long” early on the facts of this file and deposited some time ago a copy of the contents of the institution in the hope of starting to deploy relation to this file in the time prescribed by it, as he was waiting for the positions of others, and including the Supreme religious authority in Najaf, which was looking forward to getting their support to open this file and others from files that reveal serious mafia and corruption in the country which has ties and glue of senior officials in this state activities.

Now Dr. Chalabi has gone from this world, the institution long find themselves obliged to implement what was agreed upon with the late Chalabi, and published here new pages of this file attached to Bank of guidance given by the late Chalabi, in his memorandum to the Parliamentary Integrity Committee less than a month of his death as a a model for “irregularities and crimes committed by a group of banks and their owners in the foreign currency auction.”

Public Prosecutor asked to investigate and move the criminal complaint

Based on “suspicion report” prepared by the central bank / reporting money laundering office referred the presidency of the Public Prosecutor / Attorney General circle in front of the Presidency of the criminal court in the palace of the judiciary / Rusafa to the Court achieve the second Rusafa Huda bank containing the file suspicious financial transactions are illegal and operations of money laundering.And ensure the book’s central bank signal significant to “the existence of an internal transfers from the Rafidain Bank through the payments system (RTGS) to promote Huda bank balance (joint stock company) to participate in the sale and purchase of foreign currency in the open current account with the Central Bank of Iraq window.”

The Republic of Iraq