Political optimism in agreement with the Kurdistan region .. and Barzani in Baghdad soon to follow

Political optimism in agreement with the Kurdistan region .. and Barzani in Baghdad soon to follow
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BAGHDAD / Mohammad Sabah

At the time, Oil Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi, which had said that to reach a final agreement will provide Iraq with about 30 additional billion dollars a year, and described the Kurdish blocs in the House of Representatives, initial agreement signed Thursday between the federal government and the province on the financial dispute, as “positive”, saying it would open the door to discussion of other files during a visit by Barzani to the capital next week. As revealed about the role of the US has led to reach an agreement, said the Kurdish delegation in Baghdad will discuss ways to repay $ 8 billion is the size of the region’s debt to the federal government.
Go back to that a coalition of state law, “the agreement” as part of the government program agreements, stressing that the salaries of the Peshmerga will be resolved in parallel with the adoption of the National Guard, which will organize volunteer formations in other provinces Act.
The government of Nuri al-Maliki has stopped paying salaries of employees in Kurdistan earlier this year to protest against the export of the Kurdistan region of oil through Turkey. Which he described as the Mahdi said in a statement Friday that the two sides led to the loss of about $ 30 billion as a result of the reluctance of exports and payments, saying that the final settlement will make Iraq beyond this loss.
And concluded talks between Oil Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi and Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Regional Barzani agreement required Baghdad to pay $ 500 million to the Government of the Kurdistan salaries of employees in the region for one month, compared to the latter’s commitment to pay 150 thousand barrels per day of oil to Baghdad. ”
The comment Muhsin al-Sadoun, Kurdistan Alliance MP told the “long”, “The new agreement, which took place between the governments in Baghdad and Erbil spend making KRG oil exports are identical with the terms of the provisions of the Constitution in accordance with Article 112, which states that the federal government based oil and gas extracted management from current fields with the governments of producing regions and provinces. ”
Sadoun and adds, “This new agreement will enable the federal government to fill the shortfall in its oil exports caused by terrorist acts that targeted a lot of facilities.”
It describes a member of the parliamentary legal committee visit Oil Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi to the Kurdistan region of “positive step which reached these results to resolving many of the problems that have existed since the time of the previous government.”
And pays tribute to the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, “the role played by the US side in the convergence of views between the federal and Kurdistan governments to resolve oil files and the issues of contention,” pointing out that “the Americans have had meetings brokered between the two parties to discuss ways to address all of the errors that occurred earlier with urging them to continue their talks in order to reach a convincing solutions to these files. ”
Sadoun said that “other steps that will follow this new agreement is to pay the salaries of the Peshmerga dues and apply the provisions of Article 140 by the federal government, which will begin discussions at the coming of the President of the Kurdistan Regional Government Engjirfan Barzani to Baghdad in the coming period.”
In the meantime, said MP Jassim Mohammed Jaafar, a member of a coalition of state law, that “to resolve differences with Kurdistan is part of a national paper that under the terms of the new government was formed,” he said, adding, “Abadi government’s keenness to implement the terms of this paper,” He explained Jafar, In an interview with the “long”, “The new agreement represents a declaration of good intentions by both sides in order to turn the page through the implementation of the government program voted by the House of Representatives and resulted in the formation of the current government.” He noted that “the Kurdistan oil export and according to the new agreement will be through the national SOMO.”
Revealed member bloc coalition of state law that “the visit of the President KRG Barzani to Baghdad would be through this week to complete the negotiations with the federal government,” noting that “the Ministry of Finance recommended sending a sum of money of $ 500 million to the Kurdistan Regional Government to pay employees’ salaries.”
And on the rest of the outstanding issues between Baghdad and Erbil, MP “The salaries of the Peshmerga issue related to the approval of the National Guard of the Act before the House of Representatives, who will organize the work of these forces in the region and the rest of the provinces as well as paid,” he says.
In turn, Abdul Qader Mohammad, a member of the Finance Committee parliamentary see, that “the agreement is the first step to resolve other contentious issues between Baghdad and Erbil.”
Shows Mohammed’s “long” that “the allocation of $ 500 million by the federal government to Kurdistan due to the lack of full liquidity with the central government,” adding that “the payment of other amounts ranking pending the government of up to approximately $ 8 billion are subject to improve the financial situation of Iraq. ”
Attention MP for the National Union of Kurdistan block to the “President of the Government of Kurdistan will include a visit to Baghdad to discuss the date of disbursement of these residual amounts, whether in the form of monthly pay ancestor?”.

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Arab and international policy

Syria News Station
Operated military transfers and layoffs announced by Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi yesterday, public opinion. With his office declared it an attempt to improve security performance, observers confirmed that he is trying to get rid of the legacy of his predecessor, Nuri al-Maliki to deport linked by the officers, and will start «clean civil institutions of this legacy soon».

The Abadi decided to allocate ten military leaders to retirement and the appointment of 18 others in new positions, and the exemption of 26 leaders from their positions, including Chief of Staff team Babacar Zebari, the commander of operations in Anbar Lt. General Rashid Falih, and the commander of operations in the Middle Euphrates Lt. Gen. Othman Ghanimi, and secretary Defense Ministry Lt. Gen. Ibrahim al-Lami, in addition to some team leaders.

Some sources said Lt. Gen. Rashid Khurshid appointed chief of staff, Lt. Gen. Riad Algosaira commander of the ground forces, the successor to Gen. Ali Ghaidan team.

A spokesman for al-Abadi tributary Jabouri «life», that «the General Commander of the Armed Forces decision to exempt a number of leaders and other retirement, aimed at improving military performance», pointed out that «the change was based on the basic criteria most important competence, courage and integrity to ensure that the fight against corruption in military establishment, and it is not easy, it is a big challenge for the new leaders who have to be up to the challenge. »

In addition, a political source told «life», that Abadi «apply the undeclared political agreement, which led to the formation of his government», explained that the agreement «was the knowledge of the United States and regional countries, serving clean military and civil institutions of the legacy of former Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, who was appointed military commanders and civilian officials without the approval of Parliament and continue to serve for years by proxy. »

The source expected that Abadi continue to conduct military, security and administrative changes in most of the state institutions, as a prelude to the introduction of new names to Parliament subject to political consensus, to take up positions and special grades and military leadership teams. He stressed that the military establishment to start a campaign will be followed by dismissals at the Interior Ministry, and intelligence. He said al-Maliki linking military and security institutions and the private office, and that his policies in the selection of leaders weakened hardware and Okhaddatha to the whims of civil servants.

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Author: Syria News Station

Abadi completed to get rid of the corrupt legacy of al-Maliki

Deputy calls for activating the customs tariff on goods with their counterparts in Iraq

Default Deputy calls for activating the customs tariff on goods with their counterparts in Iraq

13/11/2014 09:35

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BAGHDAD / obelisk: activation of the customs tariff and to prevent the import of goods similar to those in the law of the country, a request made by deputy in the Iraqi Council of Representatives through a media statement.

The Ministry of Finance, in the (December 20, 2013), that the imposition of customs duties on imported goods will be starting from 2014, and by no more than 20% of their value, indicating that the fees will be imposed on all border crossing points, including the Kurdistan region.

Impose customs tariffs and to prevent the import of foreign goods, the resolutions did not find an echo in Iraq since 2003, where local suffer Products from stacking, so that most of the laboratories and factories of government and civil private sector shut down, while the refuge most of the owners of large capital from the merchants and Iraqi businessmen to leave the country and worked to put their money in capital investment projects in the world and neighboring countries, including Jordan, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates.

National Alliance MP Hamdiya Husseini In a statement made thanks and gratitude to the government “to respond in spinning coefficient staff in the provinces of Baghdad, Babil, Diwaniyah and Wasit dues exchange,” asserting that “taking notice of the government to this vulnerable segment to society and clear evidence of the sponsorship parental each Sons of Iraq in various Slides In all levels.”

And left workers in the textile factories in demonstrations them in Baghdad, Wasit, Diwaniyah and Babylon, the first on Tuesday, to demand their salaries have been stalled for months, also demanded to run their factories or transferred to other ministries to take advantage of their expertise Husseini believes that “activating the law of customs tariff and the reduction of import of goods that have seen in Iraq will encourage the production of these plants and this contributes to the increase and wanted them to make ends meet.”

The Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs Safa al-Din Safi said in his intervention before the parliament in the (11 May 2013), “The Iraqi government moving to apply the law of customs tariff gradually according to a specific timetable,” and expressed fear the government, “the application of the law may result in an increase insane in the prices of food and goods, including income and does not fit the citizen.”

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Change: legislative term holiday begins the end of this month

14.11.2014 twelve eleven

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Announced the MP for the MDC Serwa Abdul Wahid, the House of Representatives will start the legislative recess end of November, showed that while the new chapter will start the beginning of the month of January.

Said Abdul Wahid The House trimmed legislative recess from two months to one month, and that the holiday will begin the end of this month, up to the beginning of the new year 2015,

adding that under the constitutional context, the legislative recess appointment is linked to the arrival of the financial budget for 2015 to the Board.

She MP for the MDC to the new legislative term will discuss important laws such as modifying and respects the law of election districts and the Federation

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US General: Iraq needs 80,000 good troops to retake lost territory

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Baghdad (AIN) – Iraq will need about 80,000 effective military troops to retake the terrain it lost to Islamic State militants and restore its border with Syria, the top U.S. general said on Thursday.

“We’re going to need about 80,000 competent Iraqi security forces to recapture territory lost, and eventually the city of Mosul, to restore the border,” Army General Martin Dempsey, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of staff, told a congressional hearing.

Dempsey said the request for more U.S. forces in Iraq would create centers to help train the additional troops needed. /End/

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Religious Authority calls heads of political blocs to identify curroption inside their blocs

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Karbala (AIN) –The Supreme Religious Authority called the heads of the political blocs to identify curroption inside their blocs.
During Friday Prayer, the Representative of the Religious Authority, Abdul-Mahdi al-Karbalayi, stated “The sources of curroption should be identified to be eliminated.” /End/

Religious Authority hails openness towards regional countries

 
 
Karbala (AIN) –The Religious Authority praised the openness towards the regional countries.
During Friday Prayer, the Representative of the Religious Authority, Abdul-Mahdi al-Karbalayi, stated “The visits of the delegations that involves various political sides to the regional countries are positive steps.” /End/

State of Law bloc wins presidency of eight parliamentary committees

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Baghdad (AIN) -The State of Law bloc won the presidency of the following parliamentary Committees: Law, Economy, Investment, Education, Youth, Sports, Reconciliation, Women, Tribes, Tourism and Accountability.

http://www.alliraqnews.com/en/index.php/political-news/60673-state-of-law-bloc-wins-presidency-of-eight-parliamentary-committees-.html

Has ISIS peaked? Terror group suffers setbacks in Iraq

CNN) – Is the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) finallybeginning to feel the pressure? The first signs are emerging that a combination of coalition airstrikes and more assertive Iraqi and Kurdish forces are forcing ISIS to change its behavior, and inflicting serious losses of both territory and fighters.

Analysts tell CNN it is too early to say ISIS has “peaked.” It controls vast areas of northern and western Iraq, as well as much of north-eastern Syria – and exercises draconian authority in areas as far apart as Anbar in western Iraq and Aleppo province in northern Syria. ISIS also continues to pick up endorsements and pledges of allegiance from other jihadist groups, most notably in Libya and Egypt.

But there are signs ISIS is under stress, especially in Iraq, with its lines of communication and resupply disrupted in some areas, key figures targeted in airstrikes, and sources of revenue under threat.

Lauren Squires, a researcher with the Institute for the Study of War who has followed the group closely, says: “ISIS is facing the unhappy experience of losing the element of surprise.”

“Mosul fell in June because no one thought Mosul would fall … ISIS has capitalized on the Iraqi and Western governments not expecting it to be as quick and aggressive as it has been,” Squires told CNN.

Now the group’s strengths and weaknesses are perhaps better understood.

US President Barack Obama said in an interview at the weekend that the next phase of the campaign against ISIS was imminent. “The airstrikes have been very effective in degrading ISIL’s capabilities and slowing the advance that they were making,” he told CBS’s “Face the Nation.”

“Now what we need is ground troops, Iraqi ground troops that can start pushing them back,” he said, supported by an expansion in the US training and advising mission.

“Afraid to congregate”

Airstrikes by US and coalition aircraft in Iraq (and US strikes in Syria) are often no more than a handful per day, hampered by poor weather and the need to avoid civilian casualties. But the strikes appear to have limited ISIS ‘freedom of movement and destroyed some of its military hardware, as well as oil refineries that are a source of income.

Last week, General Lloyd Austin, who heads the US Central Command, said ISIS “are afraid to congregate in any sizable formation.”

“They know if we can see them, we’re going to Engage them and we’re going to hit what we’re aiming at,” he Told a forum at the Atlantic Council in Washington.

Squires echoes that, saying: “ISIS is exhibiting signs of stress as they seldom move and maneuver in large convoys anymore. We’ve seen pictures of ISIS moving on motorcycles and in single trucks as opposed to the summer when they moved in convoys.”

Recent strikes also suggest Iraqi and coalition targeting is benefiting from better intelligence about the movement of senior ISIS figures. Earlier this week, Iraqi television claimed that an aide to ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was killed in an air strike on Fallujah, days after the US said it had targeted a convoy of high-profile ISIS figures near Mosul.

ISIS itself has obliquely acknowledged the impact of airstrikes, releasing a video this week about the value of trenches and underground shelters. A fighter in a shelter near Fallujah said: “If airplanes are observed in the sky, the brothers can hide themselves until the airplanes are gone,” according to a translation by the SITE Intelligence Group.

But airstrikes alone can not prevent it from taking further territory.This is a group that “understands how to implement operational patience,” Squires says. ISIS is also organized on a provincial basis, and local commanders have considerable autonomy, giving it flexibility and the agility to exploit enemy weaknesses quickly.

“Even if intelligence exposes the location of ISIS senior leadership so a targeted attack could kill [leader Abu Bakr al-] Baghdadi, this sort of blow to the organization would actually not stall operations or affect the group’s day-to-day behavior,” she told CNN.

Iraqi forces regroup

The main reason for ISIS ‘swift advance southward through Iraq in the summer was the abject failure of the Iraqi Security Forces to put up any resistance. Bolstered by Shia militia known as Popular Mobilization Units, the ISF is beginning to counter-attack in a few

“Army units backed, and sometimes fronted by Shia militias have undoubtedly acquired some much needed momentum, although ISIS is showing a surprising capacity for defense under pressure,” says Charles Lister, visiting fellow at the Brookings Institution in Doha.

A long-overdue army shake-up appears to be under way.Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al Abadi Announced Wednesday That 26 Commanders provenance Being fired and 10 more Pushed into retirement – in what many see as the first move Depoliticizing Toward the army.Abadi’s predecessor, Nuri al-Maliki, Had made ​​senior appointments on the Basis of political loyalty rather than professionalism, and bypassed institutional constraints on his power.

A statement on Abadi’s website stressed “the need to restore confidence in the security forces through real action and by combating corruption at the individual and institutional levels.”

It will take time for the results of such an overhaul to show, but the Iraqi army enjoyed a taste of success this week in retaking Baiji, an important oil city of about 200,000 people north of Baghdad, which was seized by ISIS in June. On Wednesday, Iraqi television showed senior officers at the city’s al Fatih mosque – with the whole city apparently freed of ISIS fighters after a weeks-long campaign supported by coalition airstrikes and a drone attack carried out by the Royal Air Force at the weekend.

The recapture of Baiji leaves ISIS ‘main prize, the city of Mosul, vulnerable. While ISIS ‘physical control of Iraq’s second largest city is yet to be challenged, it appears to have serious problems in governing. Water and electricity supplies are sporadic, according to local residents contacted recently by CNN, and food prices have risen dramatically. ISIS is hunting down anyone perceived as a possible source of dissent. One Iraqi journalist contacted by CNN said six colleagues were abducted at the end of October; they have not been seen since.

Not so long ago ISIS was advertising the social services it was providing in Mosul, posting photos showing the “prosperity” enjoyed by residents under the “shade of the Caliphate.” Now the mood is very different, with coalition air strikes around the city pinpointing ISIS convoys and buildings.

Residents told CNN that ISIS had lost many fighters since airstrikes began and was putting pressure on families to provide fresh recruits. They added that ISIS had lost the trust of Mosul residents, and there had been several attacks on militants by newly formed citizens’ “brigades.”

Such anecdotal evidence is not enough to suggest ISIS is on the verge of losing Mosul, but the loss of Baiji “threatens a central corridor of the ISIS caliphate” says the Institute for the Study of War – and could isolate ISIS ‘military areas of operation .

Further north, Kurdish peshmerga forces evicted ISIS from Zumar – an important town between Mosul and the Syrian border – at the end of last month. Kurdish commanders said more than 80 ISIS fighters were killed in the operation, but it took weeks and multiple airstrikes to expel ISIS from the town.

Western Iraq

To the west of Baghdad, ISIS still controls much of Anbar province.A month ago, the group appeared to be closing in on the capital. It had a presence in parts of Abu Ghraib not far from the international airport. There were mortar attacks on the “International Zone” in Baghdad where government offices and embassies are concentrated. ISIS has also held Fallujah and much of Ramadi – the two largest towns west of Baghdad – for most of this year.

However, the landscape has changed somewhat following the recapture by the army and Shia militia of the town of Jurf al-Sakhar in neighboring Babil province. Hadi al Amiri, leader of the Badr Brigade, a Shia Militia That was Heavily Involved in taking, Jurf al-Sakhar, Foreign Policy magazine Told That “With this operation complete, there are no more dangers [posed by the Islamic State] to Baghdad. “

The next town in the cross-hairs is Amriyat-al-Fallujah on the Euphrates River, where pro-government tribal militia are dug in but under frequent mortar attack from ISIS, according to Iraqi sources.If ISIS is repelled from the area, Iraqi forces potentially have a platform from which to push north into Anbar. But if ISIS takes Amriyat, the pressure on the capital will be intensified.

Iraqi efforts to reverse recent ISIS gains in Anbar province should benefit from the arrival there of US trainers and advisers. According to Lauren Squires at ISW, “We assess US forces are at Al-Asad airbase to train Sunni tribesmen for a counteroffensive against Hit,” a nearby town which was seized by ISIS last month with great bloodshed after a local tribe resisted the group.

Squires sees the training mission as a “very tactical solution to a very strategic problem.” Possibly of greater significance is the declaration by the Iraqi government that it will at last begin arming Sunni tribes in the area. Meeting tribal leaders at Al-Asad on Wednesday, the Speaker of the Iraqi Parliament, Salim al-Jibouri, declared: “The arming process of tribes has started today.”

Such promises have been made before, but if effectively implemented could impact the battlefield in Anbar.

The Iraqi government’s dependence on Shia tribal militias – some of which have close links to Iran – may yet turn out to be a double-edged sword. Charles Lister of Brookings says the “Shia militias, both during the US offensive and during today’s counter-ISIS operations, have rarely proven themselves effective offensive units. And when they have, they’ve too often proven liable to involvement in acts of brutality. “

Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have documented Both atrocities by some of these Units Popular Mobilization Against Sunnis.

Additionally, says Lister, the Iraqi armed forces have often shown little regard for civilian casualties – “through continued artillery bombardment and the use of their new Russian [rocket launcher] systems.” So winning back territory may be unsustainable if people perceive the Iraqi military as more of an enemy than ISIS.

A determined and adaptive foe

While there may be signs of progress in the campaign against ISIS, analysts point out that it can move easily from waging conventional warfare to guerrilla-style insurgency and terror attacks. This is already evident in Baiji, where a suicide bomber attacked Iraqi forces just after ISIS left the city, and in Baghdad, where almost daily suicide bomb attacks against Shia mosques and markets keep the capital on edge.

The group is prepared to take – and even expects – high casualties in the pursuit of its objectives. Charles Lister describes this as its “millenarian thinking … for ISIS, the idea of ​​throwing dozens and dozens of fighters to their deaths in Kobani is not perceived as such a high-loss move as Western strategists might think.”

ISIS now appears to be committing reinforcements to the assault on Kobani despite their vulnerability to air strikes, apparently seeing victory there as a symbol of its prowess. “It wants to convey to the global jihadist community that it has momentum,” says Squires.

No one expects ISIS to crumble in the face of more assertive Iraqi and Kurdish forces and limited coalition airstrikes. But its days of easy conquest appear to be over, and holding onto its gains present a host of challenges – even if the senior leadership is not hollowed out by airstrikes.

In Charles Lister’s view, “ISIS faces serious long-term challenges, including maintaining its tacit alliances in Iraq and sustaining an ability to provide enough service to civilians as to ensure a necessary level of acceptance.”

William McCants, Fellow at the Center for Middle East Policy at Brookings, says ISIS – in declaring a Caliphate and the creation of the Islamic State – has much to lose when it has to retreat. “Take away the state’s territory and expose its brutality and rapaciousness, and you discredit the standard bearer of the idea,” he writes in Foreign Affairs. “You may even discredit the idea itself.”

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